Britain has experienced the wettest June in history and forgot about drought

Assessment by the meteorologists from the Met Office (the National Hydrometeorological Service of the UK), showed double excess rainfall than average long-term values determined for a number of years 1910-2000. June 2012 in the British Isles was the wettest in the country on record (more data observations) since 1910.

This is the second month of the year after April, when setting the record for rainfall. Total period from April to June was also the wettest in history. In addition, June was the second among the most cloudy, with a measure of 119.2 hours of sunshine, quite a bit short of the record high of 115.4 h, noted in 1987.

Finally quite neoptimistichnoy picture meteorologists remains "please" just one more record — June with an average temperature 12,3 ° C was the coolest since 1991.

With the exception of the solar period in late May, the weather did not leave the British Isles for almost three months, starting in April. In June, there were periods as long and heavy rains, and the periods of unstable weather with particularly intense downpours.

On average, the Kingdom of 145.3 mm of rain fell at exactly twice the norm. The previous record was closed in 2007, equal to 136.2 mm.

If we consider in more detail, the picture, even on such a small area is very diverse. Was the wettest month in Wales and Northern Ireland, the second — in the UK and only the eighth — in Scotland.

In the traditionally very humid place in the country — on the north-west — was noticeably drier in some stations could be fixed least precipitation on record, if not for rains in the last days of June.

Fall and winter in the British Isles, when rainfall was well below normal, and reservoirs have lost much of their water supplies, forced to speak about drought. On the eve of the Summer Olympic Games, which will soon be opened in London, the authorities had to seriously consider measures to limit water consumption. In a record hot and sunny March even a ban on the use of hoses in the household.

In April, it was then, when the ban was to go into effect, began a prolonged rainy period. And in mid-June is unnecessary ban was lifted.

Frequency of lightning struck the British

In the last few days in June 2012 over Britain and have very bad weather, the cause of which was a series of storms. They brought heavy rains, lightning, and caused a rapidly evolved floods and landslides. Rain was so intense that one hour in Skemptone, Lincolnshire, 28.4 mm of rain fell. And at several points of time rainfall exceeded 20 mm.

More than 111,000 lightning strikes were recorded over the north-western Europe. At the peak of the thunderstorm on June 28 over the British Isles experts zapelengovali 1000 lightning over a 5-minute period. Data on the media, hailstones the size of a golf ball vyhvali considerable damage in Leicestershire, central England.

Rain appeared in a warm and humid air mass, which moved from the Azores to the south-east Atlantic, where it is then picked up by the southern flows through Spain went to the British Isles. Activating factor is the deep Atlantic cyclone that came up from the southwest. In the area of his cold atmospheric front subtropical heat met with a colder air mass that had been circulated following the front. In the front zone, according to the radar, traced some of the ridges of storm clouds. The most intense rains were in Northern Ireland and Scotland. In the south-east of the country rains were local in nature, and alternated with periods of sunshine.


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