Storms and droughts have already caused dangerous surges in food prices. Organization Oxfam believes that it will be even worse.
The report, timed to coincide with the beginning of UN climate negotiations, said that in the last six years, climate change has made tens of millions of poor people. And it is, incidentally, not only in the growth of food prices. At the same time extreme weather destroying cattle these people, destroying their homes and farms, denying sustenance. "If we do nothing in Durban, the situation will only get worse," — emphasizes the representative of Oxfam Kelly Dent.
In 2010, the heat wave in Russia and Ukraine, has given rise to the world price of wheat by 60-80% in the period from July to September. By April 2011, the they had already increased by 85% compared to what it was a year earlier.
In July, the Somali sorghum prices were up 393%, while in Ethiopia and Kenya, the price of corn (maize) — 191% and 161%, respectively, compared to the average of the previous five years. This is a result of drought in the Horn of Africa.
Rainstorms and typhoons in Southeast Asia, meanwhile pushed the price of rice in Thailand and Vietnam. In September and October, the cost of this important product is 25-30% higher than last year.
Add to that a severe drought in Afghanistan in July, wheat and wheat flour were 79% higher than a year ago.
According to World Bank estimates that by February with. , due to rising food prices in extreme poverty were 44 million people in developing countries. In November, the organization noted that, although the peak has passed, the average world price of basic foods has since declined by only 5%. Today, they are 19% higher than in September 2010.
Oxfam stresses that the poor spend up to 75% of their income on food. In the face of rising prices they do not have any reserve.
Meanwhile, a number of studies have shown that climate change will lead to more frequent extreme weather events, and this has an impact on agriculture.
Since the extension of the Kyoto Protocol, there is no hope, the report called on States — Parties to the Framework Convention on Climate Change, even to breathe life into the project "Green Climate Fund" to help countries that are suffering the most.
Source: Agence France-Presse.