Session of negotiations on climate change in Panama was successful, participants discussed a number of important negotiating issues and prepare for the most important political decisions at the final session in Durban, said Saturday the delegations and the secretariat of the Climate Convention.
Third in the 2011 session of the climate negotiations in the United Nations was held in Panama, October 1-7. Sides prepared for the seventeenth session of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), which will be held from November 28 to December 9 in Durban, South Africa. It is expected that the main issues on it will be the decision taken last year in Cancun, and the future of the Kyoto Protocol, the first commitment period which ends on 31 December 2012.
"The progress we have made in Panama, means that the parties will have more time in the coming weeks, and in Durban to resolve the remaining issues, which will require political will," — said the secretary Christiana Figueres Convention (Christiana Figueres) at press conference, which was broadcast on the website of the Secretariat.
Chief among these political issues secretary called the future of the Kyoto Protocol. According to her, in Panama Protocol parties failed to reach agreement on a number of key technical aspects of the problem. Among these aspects, in particular the conversion of voluntary commitments made by countries to the Copenhagen Accord of 2009 and at last year's meeting in Cancun, Mexico, in a format that is comparable to the obligations of the Kyoto Protocol.
"Now is not only enough political will" — said Figueres.
Russia, Japan, Canada and several other countries in favor of a transition to a new agreement, calling Kyoto Protocol ineffective, including, because the countries that it covers, now accounts for only about one third of global greenhouse gas emissions.
Developing countries, in particular India, China, and the Latin American bloc and small island states (group AOSIS), by contrast, believe that the second period on the only currently legally binding agreement is essential.
Secretary of the Convention emphasized that the parties began in 2011 with a "very far apart positions", but as the year in constructive discussion, they gradually began to converge.
The head of the U.S. delegation to Panama Jonathan Pershing (Jonathan Pershing) at a press conference that progress on many of the issues that has been made during the negotiating session, "exciting."
"The best outcome of Durban is the embodiment of the decisions taken in Cancun, unprecedented in scope," — said Pershing.
He noted that the future climate regime will require "substantial review" status of States Parties as to reflect "the reality of today and tomorrow, not a reality in 1992."
Russian Federation in May sent a formal proposal to UNFCCC secretariat to the text of the Convention, amendments, under which Annex 1 and 2 of the Convention — the list of countries that determine what obligations is a country — should be periodically reviewed "in the light of the current … socio-economic development of the Parties to the Convention. "
The head of the Russian delegation at the talks in Bonn, head of global environmental Foreign Minister Oleg Shamanov, told RIA Novosti in June noted that "many states have expressed a positive assessment of the step taken by Russia." According to him, the issue raised by Russia, "ripe", and his performance "is quite evident for many years."
The UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, which entered into force in 1992, accompanied by the two applications. In Annex 1 includes member countries of the Convention relating to the number of developing and transition countries (such as Russia), and in Appendix 2 — only the developed countries.
In accordance with the principle of "common but differentiated responsibilities", the countries in the application and not included in them, have different obligations. Annex 1 countries should make efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and mitigate climate change, and those who are included in Annex 2, should also provide financial and technological assistance to countries outside of the application in support of their efforts to reduce emissions.
Russia proposes to amend Article 4 of the Convention amendment providing for the regular review of lists.
Source: RIA Novosti