Complications of endometriosis

Complications of endometriosis.  Photo from

Even when you are away from the uterus, the endometrium retains its properties — during every period of endometrial lesions began to trickle blood. Blood accumulates andhearth gradually turns into a cavity with a biodegradable content. With each menstruation its size increases, which causes severe pain.

Inflammation around the endometrial lesions leads to adhesions in the pelvic area, and even the abdomen, which can disrupt the function of internal organs and also cause pain.

Very often endometrium grows into the muscle layer of the uterus — the myometrium. Such embodiment Endometriosis called adenomyosis. In the myometrium of what are called endometrial pockets fill with blood during menstruation. The symptom is a discharge of the end of menstruation dark brown blood clots with an unpleasant odor. Adenomyosis tends to widening and may eventually grow into the walls of the bladder or intestines, adjacent to the uterus.

In addition, one of the hard-to-treat complications of endometriosis is infertility. It occurs in40-50% Of cases.

The causes of infertility in endometriosis are different:

  • violation of ovulation (the maturation and release of an egg);
  • the formation of adhesions in the pelvis as a result of inflammation around the endometrial lesions in the ovaries and fallopian tubes;
  • inferiority of endometrium due to changes in the menstrual cycle;
  • excessive amount of prostaglandins — hormones inflammation of disruptions attach the egg to the uterus).

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