Drought in China recognized the strong half-century
China is experiencing a severe drought in the past 50 years. There dry ponds and paddy fields, there is a risk disruptions the world's largest hydroelectric power station "Three Gorges" on the Yangtze River. This Wednesday, May 25, according to Agence France-Presse.
The cause of drought is extremely low precipitation in January and April 2011 in the Yangtze River basin. Rainfall on the longest and economically important river in China this year by an average of 40 percent below normal in the past 50 years.
Earlier suggestions that could contribute to the abnormal drought and power station "Three Gorges", overlying water Yangtze. However, according to "Xinhua", on Wednesday professionals Meteorological Bureau of Hubei Province denied that opportunity.
According to experts, the dam has a "very limited" impact on the local temperature, humidity, wind speed and other weather conditions. "We believe that the ongoing drought is a temporary phenomenon rather than a consequence of improper use dams" — said one of the specialists office.
Severe drought has affected the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River and affected nearly 10 million people in the central provinces of Hunan, Hubei, Jiangxi and Anhui. The water level has fallen below the required mark in more than 1,300 irrigation reservoirs in Hubei Province. Rainfall in some areas has fallen by 80 per cent below normal.
At the very west of the Yangtze River in Wuhan had been denied access to ships. Total, since April 30, stranded on the river took about 700 vessels.
The ongoing drought has led to crop failure in many rice fields in Hubei Province. According to farmers, emergency water supplies will not be enough to irrigate the rice fields, especially since the forecast dry spell continues. Meanwhile, the authorities are trying to keep the prices of food products and to prevent the crisis in the agricultural market.
Provinces along the Yangtze River valley characterized extreme climate change. Severe drought can dramatically replaced by heavy rains. In the summer of 2010 in the region, there were severe flooding that killed more than three thousand people.
Yangtze River, the length of which is 6.4 thousand kilometers, flows into the East China Sea and is the third-longest in the world.