Over the past 20 years in East Africa, the increasing of the frequency of droughts and projections, this negative trend will continue to increase in the average temperature of the world.
The season of drought pose an increased risk to millions of people in Kenya, Ethiopia and Somalia, because the populations of these countries are already facing food shortages.
Accelerated warming Indian Ocean is responsible for the continued decline in rainfall in East Africa, and the warming in turn is related to global climate change.
Scientists believe that, in connection with such negative trends must be identified in advance of a potential drought and famine in the region in order to provide timely food assistance to the population and help the development of agriculture, the environment and water resources planning. Experts predict a decrease in precipitation in Kenya and Ethiopia in the next few years, most obviously the season from March to June.
As the researchers explain, University of California / USA /, warm air and increased humidity over the Indian Ocean produce more frequent rainfall in the region. The air then rises, loses its moisture during rain, moved westward and descends over Africa, causing drought in Ethiopia and Kenya. Indian Ocean warming due to human activities, in particular emissions of greenhouse gases and aerosols into the atmosphere.