Enhancing strategic importance of the Barents SEA

Enhancing strategic importance of the Barents SEA 
January 10, 2013, the Northern Fleet in Severomorsk perceives first since 1992 newest strategic submarine. For the first time since the collapse of the Union of Russian Kola Peninsula number of nuclear warheads is on the rise. In the detailed review BarentsObserver shows how permutation Russian submarine fleet will be poured out to increase the strategic importance of the Barents Sea.

When officers of the Northern Fleet now raise the flag to «Yury Dolgoruky», it marks a change in Russian nuclear forces. Amount based on submarines nuclear warheads is not on the wane, and begins to grow again. In the Barents re-starts.

President Vladimir Putin following the flag raising by videolink from Severomorsk, the main base of the Northern Fleet, while Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu is in Severodvinsk, where construction «Yury Dolgoruky».

As reported by the press service of the Kremlin, Shoigu will be located at the central command post 170-meter submarine, to report to the president about the readiness of Yuri Dolgoruky to perform tasks.

«Tremble, bourgeois!»

On Thursday, Dmitry Rogozin, deputy prime minister and last salting NATO, tweeted that «Yury Dolgoruky» ready for action: «Tremble, bourgeois! Kirdyk you. «

Gigantskiyraketonosets — перваяизновыхстратегичеких submarine comes into operation after 1992. «Yury Dolgoruky» carries 16 ballistic missile «Bulava», any of which may have from 6 to 10 nuclear warheads.

The last three and a half years «Yury Dolgoruky» comes to tests, the white sea. In Severodvinsk in anticipation of subsequent sea trials are like submarines «Alexander Nevsky» and «Vladimir Monomakh».
Highest value

Construction of the fourth submarine of the same project, «Prince Vladimir» was opened in the summer of last year the ceremony, which was also President Vladimir Putin. For Putin, the modernization of marine nuclear shield is essentially the task of significance.

In the next 10 years into service in general perceive difficulties eight «Boreas». Starting with the fourth in the series of the number of missiles submarines are expected to bring to today’s 20 instead of 16. Other words — like a severe «Typhoon» (TRPKSN project «Shark»), recognizable by 1980, cool times of war.

Up to 200 warheads per submarine

If any missile carries six nuclear warheads on 20 missiles aboard submarines «Borey» project have a total of 120 warheads. If one missile carries 10 warheads, the submarine will have 200 warheads on board, representing a fearsome military machine lurking in the depths of the Barents Sea and other Arctic seas.

To defeat the goal on the other side of the northern hemisphere in the rocket leaves 20 minutes after the start. «Bulava» was allegedly able to overcome any missile defense system. Istria tests, in general, it is impossible to call a success.
Base near by at Norway

Base «Boreas», flying the flag of the Northern Fleet will Gadzhiyevo on the Kola Peninsula, located less than 100 kilometers from the Russian-Norwegian border. Part of the «Boreas» will go in the upcoming disposal of the Pacific Fleet.

The Pacific Fleet initially planned to send the first two «Boreas» particularly after acceptance of work, but this has proved impossible, as based on Kamchatka was not ready infrastructure. As reported on Wednesday, ITAR-TASS, the initial step of preparation of the coastal infrastructure of the Northern Fleet of the Russian Navy to base class nuclear submarines «Northwind» in Gadzhiyevo end in January 2013. Long if the first «Borei» will remain attributed to Gadzhiyevo remains unclear.

In the long run, four of the eight submarines «Borey» project will be based in the Pacific Fleet, the other four — in the North.

The Pacific Fleet «Borei» will replace an old submarine project «Squid» («Delta-III»), whereas in the North, «Borei» will serve with «Dolphins» («Delta-IV»), very little first decade.

Modernized submarine

5 of 6 «Dolphin», available in the battle of the Northern Fleet, were modernized in recent years. Some of them are armed with more modern rocket «The Blue» and substitute the following missile «Liner». Last after modernization in Severodvinsk had to pull on the water December 30 NS «Verkhoturye.» Follow and last in line for modernization — submarine «Yekaterinburg», which must pass in 2014, at the same time repaired after a serious fire in dry dock near Murmansk in late December 2011.
Gradual build-up of nuclear warheads

Even since the beginning in 2006 modernization «Dolphins» («Delta-IV») in the Barents Sea was not such number of nuclear warheads, as at the moment, in January 2013. Ietotolkonachalo. With the commissioning of «Boreas» warheads will grow, will not be charged until 6 «Dolphin» is going to happen around 2020.

According to the report the Federation of American Scientists estimates, now Russian submarines is in the general difficulties 144 missiles with 350 warheads. From 30 to 40 missiles on board is operating submarine project «Squid» («Delta-III»), based in Gadzhiyevo. The total amount for both fleets will grow by 2022 to 624 warheads, which is almost two times more than now.

Estimating the number of sea-based strategic nuclear warheads could be even higher. If, according to RIA Novosti, any «Bulava» is equipped with 10 warheads, and if Severoni Navy will build four «Boreas», the total number of warheads on the Kola Peninsula is about 100 more.

Any warhead «Bulava» has a capacity of 150 kilotons, which corresponds to 10 bombs dropped on Hiroshima.

Not counting warheads aboard submarines, a reserve missiles and warheads in storage onshore on the Barents Sea coast.

Nuclear weapon on the water

Naikrupneyshim change that will occur in the coming 10 years — this increase in the number of missiles and warheads on submarines while reducing their number on land mine or mobile installations.

Strategically Barents and Arctic waters will play a more important role for the Russian nuclear triad.

Kola peninsula — the main area-based

Prospective value submarine bases on the Kola Peninsula and the introduction of the Barents Sea as a testing area is discussed in the report, available in the past year, the Norwegian Institute for defense research. Vdoklade, vchastnosti says:

«As part of the Russian naval arsenal, all states that the Kola Peninsula will remain the main area home. This means that the Northern Fleet will continue to use the Barents Sea for exercises, operations, and as a transit zone that in the Barents, white Sea and other northern marine areas are often carried out tests of new aircraft and weapons, including ballistic missiles. In other words, do not allow to conclude that the Barents Sea will become relatively less fundamental deterrent for sea-based than it is today. «

The new contract for the Strategic Arms Reduction

New contract START limits the number of warheads in 1550 th. No agreement is limited to the number of non-strategic warheads destination. Our homeland, like the U.S., does not provide any disk imaging on non-strategic nuclear warheads. In times of war cool at the disposal of the Russian fleet, and North including deployed and stored thousands of tactical nuclear warheads.

The coming to Norway naval base «Western People» is located about 50 km from the border. Then based submarine «Komsomolets», which sank south of. Bear in April 1989 with 2 plutonium warheads on board.

330 — 700 non-strategic warheads available to fleet

In 1991, the end of the war, cool, Michael Gorbachev said that all tactical nuclear weapons will be removed from naval vessels, including a submarine. In 2006, but, at that time Minister of Defense, and now Deputy Prime Minister Sergei Ivanov said that facing the duty Russian submarines have on-board tactical nuclear weapon. In 2009, the statement said BarentsObservervnov representative Navy command that drums and multipurpose submarines can have tactical nuclear weapon.

Does this in fact, and if so, to what extent is unclear.

The study, posted last November the Royal Institute of British armed forces, assesses that the Russian Navy in the criteria used alerting about 330 non-strategic nuclear warheads, of which 187 are on submarines as, for example, the warhead and antiship cruise missiles .

In the December report, Federation of American Scientists referred more meaningful number: on these estimates, the Russian Navy has about 700 non-strategic warheads.

22 operating nuclear submarines

There is no hesitation, that the bulk of Russian nuclear submarines involved in the Northern Fleet. In this review, manufactured BarentsObserver coming January on the basis of a couple of years of publications about the submarine fleet, lists 22 operating nuclear submarines based on the coast of the Kola Peninsula.

They are not designed for combat missions, as, for example, «Dmitry Donskoy», serving as a platform for testing missile «Bulava». Escheodinprimer -. Special purpose submarine «Orenburg», in the summer of last year participated in the collection of material about the Arctic continental shelf of the Russian Federation, together with a small deep-sea submarine «Losharik» Polyspherical titanium housing. In addition, the list has three more exploration and research submarines.

14 nuclear submarines in reserve or in a state of long repair. Among them, two submarines of the «Shark» («Typhoon») «Arkhangelsk» and «Severstal» and suffered from fire nuclear submarine «Yekaterinburg» project «Dolphin» («Delta-IV»).

Number

Title

Class (draft)

Type

1

«Yury Dolgoruky»

«Boreas» (955)

strategic

2

«Dmitry Donskoy»

«Typhoon» (941)

test platform for the rocket «Bulava»

3

«Verkhoturye»

«Delta-IV» (667BDRM)

strategic

4

«Tula»

«Delta-IV» (667BDRM)

strategic

5

«Bryansk»

«Delta-IV» (667BDRM)

strategic

6

«Karelia»

«Delta-IV» (667BDRM)

strategic

7

«Novomoskovsk»

«Delta-IV» (667BDRM)

strategic

8

«Voronezh»

«Oscar-II» (949A)

multipurpose

9

«Eagle»

«Oscar-II» (949A)

multipurpose

10

«Panther»

«Akula» (971)

shock

11

«The Wolf»

«Akula» (971)

shock

12

«Tiger»

«Akula» (971)

shock

13

«Cheetah»

«Akula» (971)

shock

14

«Kostroma»

«Sierra» (945)

shock

15

«Nizhny Novgorod»

«Sierra-II«(945A)

shock

16

«Petrozavodsk»

«Victor-III» (RTM 671 (K))

shock

17

«Daniel of Moscow»

«Victor-III» (RTM 671 (K))

shock

18

«Orenburg»

Project 09 786

special

19

«AU-21»

Project 18511

special

20

«AU-35»

Project 18511

special

21

«AU-31»

Project 10830 («Losharik»)

special

22

«AU-33»

Project 1910

special


At least 20 new nuclear submarines
At the peak of cool war in the late 1980s hnaSevernomflotebylookolo 150 nuclear submarines. In the 90s their numbers declined sharply — to 67 in 1996, and before that they were a day or 21. C. «Yury Dolgoruky» as 22th 2013 marks the beginning of the period of increasing the number of submarines in service.

The Navy announced plans for large-scale investment in new submarines, including eight (and according to some sources — 10) «Boreas» and 10 multi-purpose «Ash», one of which, «Severodvinsk» over the past year has made a huge number of test outputs in a white sea. In November, «Severodvinsk» performed for the first time firing a cruise missile «Movement». In the second submarine of this project, «Kazan», ready housing are the inner workings.


Last week, the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation made a statement that by 2016 will be ready and 6 multi-purpose strategic submarines, according to RIA Novosti. 6 submarines — the three «strategies» «Yury Dolgoruky», «Alexander Nevsky» and «Vladimir Monomakh», three multipurpose podolodki «Severodvinsk», «Kazan» and another boat while without Navan.

Another two nuclear research and rescue submarines are under construction, as BarentsObserver reported in December. One of them will be built in an ancient building, intended the submarine project «Antey» («Oscar-II»), to which was prostroen submarine «Kursk» sank in the Barents Sea in August 2000.

In total, 20 new clear nuclear submarines lately ready to become operational.

502 billion euros on arms 2020

In Russia, there is a realization large applets rearmament. According to the Ministry of Defence, for the purchase of military equipment had spent 659 billion planned. dollars (502 billion. euros) until 2020. This year the government increases defense budget by 25% — to $ 2.3 trillion. rubles (58 billion. euros), with all this special value is given to the Navy.

«Implementation of the shipbuilding programs from batch production involves the introduction of a parallel next to each ship built new technology and modernization solutions,» — said in a press release from the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, according to RIA Novosti.

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