In discussing the recent news about the development of "cooperation" Roscosmos and NASA found that our space program, and in particular on those ideas and projects on which bets are placed by our experts on the prospect of 10-20 years, many are not very deep knowledge. This is not surprising, given the level of media publications on this topic. I understand the feelings of the Patriots, when expressed sober assessment of the current state grown and even more so when there are no comments, respectfully spoke of astronautics Western, but it would be better in such cases based on reality, not on the conservative demagoguery. And, interestingly reality gives us a reason to be proud
When it comes to the PAC "Union" many start with a fury to defend his firmness and almost a genius, but a mediocre QC (take the presence of ballast — metal plate — a consequence of the design flaws, as a result of lower weight can be devoted to cargo, fuel, people in the end.)
But our space program does not consider the Union apex of progress in the RSC "Energia" commissioned by the new Russian Federal Space Agency is developing the PAC is able to provide comfortable delivery to the space station 4-6 and long autonomous flight with a crew of up to 4 people. Draft project is protected and now is working on the technical design, created in the "metal" individual components and assemblies built metal layout VA.
The core of the PTC is reusable re-entry vehicle with a rocket parachute landing, the landing is on deck legs!
PTK NP initially calculated according to the instructions of the possibility of long flights, as well as on flights beyond Earth's orbit (at TTP should be possible to fly to the moon.) That is why the VA is projected as capable enter the atmosphere at escape velocity.
- Reusable returned mashines
- Reusable returned mashines
- Paws "sneaker"
This ship will deliver (or evacuate), the crew of the ISS (or other station, for example in the orbit of the moon or a Lagrangian point) a PAC. Increase business opportunities at the expense of additional seats and reduce the cost of chairs (integral, by increasing the seats on one launch and due to repeated use of the most expensive components of the GAC). In the long term will begin manned flights to the moon and into deep space (will be created when appropriate boosters and super-heavy launch vehicle).
Another basic design on which the active work, both in our space industry, and Rosatom, is transport-energy module electrical power up to 1 MW gas-cooled nuclear reactor and turbine generators. It is interesting that about him recently wrote to Suna, and is illustrative of illiteracy of journalists who put in the mouth of our designers absurd "thermo-nuclear battery"! Unfortunately, it still will only nuclear ..
Currently completed preliminary design of the module. Rosatom in the next few years will hold ground tests of the reactor, and the road to a new level of space exploration will open.
TEM will provide new opportunities to use the most commercially marketable Orbit — geostationary. Experts expect an increase in delivered to GEO load factor of 2-3 compared to chemical boosters using the PH of one and the same class (Proton, Angara and foreign counterparts — Ariane 5, Delta, etc.). It will send a heavy deep-space probes (Mars, the Giants and their satellites, asteroids) which will put into practice such missions, as a return to the soil of Mars rover landing on the Galilean satellites, and maybe even ice drilling Europa, Ganymede. TEM will enable cost-effective (no mnogopuskov and RN Class 100-150 tons) to create an infrastructure in orbit and the lunar surface (VOC Moon Base, etc.) the development of technologies implemented in the TEM ensure the creation of an interplanetary expedition of the complex, suitable for a manned mission to Mars!
- Atomic tug
At the moment, these two large projects and the creation of a national civil space center with new infrastructure are the backbone of the future of space Russia, our main contribution to the future of international cooperation. [/ Cut]
When writing the article were used material from the site