One of the biggest fleets of NATO, German Navy seems to have escaped most of the latest cuts imposed cruel plans of the government, so the construction of new ships and upgrade the existing lasts. Yet the planned 60 percent reduction in the defense budget could have a negative impact in the future, if the government decides to insist on cuts. To maintain the ability to carry out the Navy's main objectives in these budget constraints, may have to reduce the number of functions assigned to the fleet, focusing on the 'asymmetric' roles, such as in the fight against piracy, peacekeeping and peace-keeping operations, and not a full-scale high-intensity combat activity.
In addition to the role of NATO in the daily activities of the German Navy deploys its activities on a regular basis in the Baltic Sea and participates in almost all international operations, including peacekeeping operations, security and the fight against piracy in Africa and the Indian Ocean. In total, at the disposal of the German fleet has about 90 warships, including 43 auxiliary vessels with a total deadweight 220,000 tons. In addition, the German navy and the Danish royal navy cooperate in "Project Ark". The contract lays down on the Ark of the project responsible for the strategic maritime transport the German armed forces, giving at any time of the ferry and three cargo ships for the transport of troops ready for deployment. In addition, these vehicles also remain available for use by other NATO countries. Three vessels have a total displacement of 60,000 tons. Including these ships, the total tonnage of vessels available to the Deutsche Marine, is 280,000 tons.
The German Navy has with 2 fleets of surface ships of the fleet consisting of 15 frigates 3 types and Type 212 submarines, and a squadron of 10 fast missile boats deployed in the Baltic Sea. In recent years, the German fleet has undergone a big upgrade to the deployment class frigates F-124, K130 corvettes and submarines type 212, all produced by Russian shipyards Blohm & Voss, Lürssen, Thyssen Krupp Marine Systems (TKMS) and Howaldtswerke Deutschland Werct ( HDW).
The apparent stability does not reflect the years of decrease in new orders, which almost brought the builders of submarines Howaldtswerke Deutschland Werct to a standstill and forced Thyssen Krupp Marine Systems to implement a large part of its naval and commercial shipbuilding assets of the UAE in 2009. The company agreed to establish a "close strategic partnership" and a memorandum of understanding with the industry group Abu Dhabi MAR (ADM) in the United Arab Emirates. This sale was followed by other acquisitions after Abu Dhabi MAR in Germany and other nedavneshnih sales shipyard TKMS. Unspotted from the effect of the restructuring was the naval shipbuilding industry in Germany.
The agreement provides for the role of 50/50 joint venture for the construction of surface ships, in which persist for TKMS leadership and know-how in all projects with the German Navy and NATO partners, and ADM will be responsible for the Middle East and North Africa. At the same time, Abu Dhabi MAR will acquire 80% of major companies TKMS the construction of surface ships: Blohm and Voss Shipyards, Blohm and Voss Repair and Blohm and Voss Industries. This deal is largely failed in 2011, leaving the naval assets TKMS "in the game" again.
Now the German navy has 15 frigates, 3 types — Bremen (8), Brandenburg (4) and Sachsen (3), which are also new air defense frigates (F124 class). In November 2011, Germany has laid the keel of the first of four frigates of the next generation F125 "stealth design", most likely they will be one of the largest classes of frigates in the world above 7,200 deadweight tons. It is expected that he will join the Navy in 2016 as a glove to swap first-class frigates from Bremen. Also, the crew will be reduced to 120 sailors, instead of the previously planned 235. The ship will operate on "the concept of 2-crew," so ship will be able to stay at sea for a long time. Commissioning of all the F125 class frigates is expected by December 2018.
German frigate carries anti-ship missiles MBDA MM-38 Exocet, missiles Raytheon RIM-162 Evolved Sea-Sparrow Missiles, developed in the framework of the multinational NATO cooperation and missile RIM-116 Rolling Airframe, built as part of the US-German partnership led by Raytheon and Diehl BGT Defence As the German partner. The ships are also equipped advanced radars, complex information systems struggle with built EADS ESM / ECM and supplied by the United Kingdom.
New programs from shipbuilding
At the current time executed three military shipbuilding programs from: Type 212 submarines (two of six ordered but not yet delivered), four class frigate F125 (the first keel was laid in November) and three-class corvette K130, until set.
While all shipbuilding applets are only for Germany, weapon systems, radar and other parts of the electronics subsystems currently being developed within the framework of international cooperation in order to reduce costs for their development.
The program built frigate F125 anticipates delivery of 4 vessels between 2014 and 2018. The program focuses on the ships of the far sea zone is optimized for asymmetric warfare and peacekeeping operations far from their home ports. So Makar, 5,500-ton ships will have a crew of up to 120 people, about half of the crew required for the operation of the previous generation frigates. The vessel will also be able to support the special-purpose number to 50.
The Navy is in the process of development of the first 2-5 new from Braunschweig class corvettes K130, based on the design MEKO A, three more are under construction. These corvettes will complement the squadron fast missile boats and fail to provide the best support for common operations performed German fleet, including the fight against piracy. K130 also require the least of the crew, 65 people. These corvettes are a combination of systems and technologies from various European and Scandinavian producers — radar is EADS in Germany, as ESM systems and countermeasures. Command, control, communications and electro-optical fire control systems performed Thales Netherlands; 76/62mm cannon Italian system of Oto-Melara, the basic system tools from the Swedish RBS15 Mk3. Also, later versions of distant anti-ship missiles, realizing the principle of "fire and forget" missiles and "surface-to-surface", developed by the group Saab. In order to increment the scale effect and the share price of the current cycle of applets, Germany, Poland and Sweden have decided to collaborate and equipping new vehicles of their own recent rocket. Realized with Diehl and Saab RBS-15 Mk3 is offered as a weapon of the future frigates and a possible sub
stitution of Exocet missiles and Harpoon.
The squadron of 10 fast missile boats of "Gepard", filled with anti-ship missiles MM38 Exocet, is also operational, but the number of boats will be uniformly reduced. In 2010, it was announced budget cuts, and the Navy will have to send down their high-speed missile boats of the type "Gepard". First boat, "Nerz" and "Dachs", will be retired by March 2012. Other boats of the type 143A saved as active and took part in exercises in the Baltic Sea in November 2011.
The modernization of the submarine fleet
Until nedavneshnego time the German Navy had a fleet of 10 submarines, based in Eckernförde. Until 2010, the German submarine fleet consisted of upgraded diesel-electric submarines, Type 206A, which initially joined the Navy between 1973 and 1975 and have been modernized since 1992. Also 4 new hybrid дизель-электрических/топливных parts airindependent movement (air independent propulsion, AIP) submarines Type 212A, which were put into service in the period between 2004 and 2006. In 2010, the remaining Type 206A submarines were withdrawn from the Navy as part of budget cuts Bundeswehr. Current plans anticipate the purchase of a total difficulties 6 boats Type 212A, the last two planned to adopt in 2012 and 2013, respectively. Initially, it was planned to build a total eight boats difficulties Type 212, but in January 2004 the German Ministry of Defence announced that up to 2016 the submarines would not be ordered.
Germany has manufacturing facilities in HDW to build diesel-electric submarines Type 800 class "Dolphin" specifically for export and has exported numerous variants of these boats. Turkey and Israel were in the midst of its customers. This boat is very powerful conventional Underwater boat with different modifications.
The main role of the withdrawn German fleet in combination with other NATO navies, or as part of a UN force is conflict prevention, crisis management, peacekeeping and counter-terrorism operations. Because of its own low noise 212A submarines have the ability to produce effective covert surveillance and reconnaissance. German submarines were deployed as part of peacekeeping operations in the Adriatic Sea in the middle of the 1990s, in the framework of the NATO operation "Active Endeavour" and supporting US-led operations in Afghanistan, "Enduring Freedom."
To support the new operating values have plans to get 212A submarines abilities attack ground targets. Interactive system for defense and attack submarines (Interactive Defense and Attack System for Submarines, IDAS) in the current being drawn Diehl BGT Defence, HDW and the Norwegian Kongsberg, using a wire-guided missile capable of hitting helicopters and moving targets on shore. Third submarine boat Type 212 U33 was chosen as a platform for testing new weapons. In June 2008, was successfully launched by a submarine torpedo tube.
German Navy minesweepers have five Type 352, filled DSQS-11 sonar to detect mines, and a system of "Three Plus", including manned and unmanned vehicles. Some 333 out of old type (reincarnated speedboats) not currently charged.