In Kamchatka volcano intensified once two

Plane flying over Kamchatka recommended to change routes: on a peninsula just two active volcanoes, and Karymsky Kizimen woke up first and the second after 80-year break.


Pilots warn ash column are dangerous. Meanwhile, from the volcanic dust is not in the sky and on the ground — are suffering inhabitants Kronotsky reserve.


From the crater of the volcano Kizimen to a height of 10 kilometers pulled out a column of ash, gas and crushed rock plume of ash cloud stretches for hundreds of kilometers. On the slopes of a giant fire-breathing constantly ongoing earthquake — to thousands of aftershocks in the day. Volcano — in the active phase of the eruption.


Scientists have for the second time overfly the territory of the Kronotsky reserve, on which he is Kizimen. Ash everywhere. Seismologists collect its samples for analysis. The chemical composition allows to predict the possible behavior of a volcano that has not erupted for 80 years.


Ash cloud has already made adjustments to the aircraft. Pilots obtaining data of plume height and wind direction. Depending on these parameters adjust the route. While the eruption is assigned the "orange" code of danger. This means that the ash particles, trapped in the engine, can seriously impair its function. Alexander Borovsky, flight engineer of the Mi-8, explained that the ash particles and pebbles "act like sandpaper." "The particles of ash, these small stones, dust, they stick and can damage the engine, it may even happen Auto Off Engine", — he said.


Scientists say a major threat to human settlements is not a volcano. While in January, even residents of the capital of Kamchatka were able to observe the ash cloud. Petropavlovsk is located more than 260 kilometers from Kizima.


But the inhabitants of the reserve in these days live restless. Rare species of animals are suffering from constant ash falls. In such circumstances, biologists say, they are very difficult to breathe. Scientists even predict a quick migration of animals from the area of the eruption.


For continuous monitoring of the volcano, researchers discovered imagers. On infrared photography are clearly visible inside the incessant bombings. As will be further act volcano — scientists still can not give an answer. One version of events — violent eruption, which can destroy the dome Kizima. But for sure it is clear that in the coming months even pobushuet giant, throwing into the air column of ash and lava.


Irina Chuchuy

Source: Channel




Kamchatka volcano awoke powerful


Planes have to adjust the route over Kamchatka, to avoid the ash cloud, which are just three of the volcano erupt. One of them — the first time since awake Kizimen

80-year hiatus. On its slopes the second day continues earthquake (they registered more than a hundred), and the ashes thrown out of the crater to a height of ten kilometers, creating problems not only to pilots but also to those who came under the lingering ash falls.

The level of risk assessed correspondent Yulia Yudina.

80 years of sound sleep as if giants have benefited from the man's name Kizimen. He woke up in October last year, and since then the dream that is called, in either eye. Interspersed with bursts of steam emissions of ash to a height of ten kilometers. Snow in the vicinity of the volcano like a layer cake. Creamy layer of snow, the dark layers of ash.

Eugene Vlasov, state inspector of FGU "Kronotsky reserve": "Though it is small — at 2485 meters — the height, but the ashes came even to Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, that is, the entire peninsula, he sprinkled his fertilize the composition."

Scientists Kronotsky reserve, in whose territory the volcano, watching the restless patrons. In rare moments of calm to assess the extent of damage to wildlife. Bighorn sheep and elk along with vegetation particles are forced to eat the ashes. If the eruption is stronger, larger animals likely to change their place of residence.

Towns and villages in the dangerous proximity of the volcano there. Immediate threat Kizimen is only for aviation. Large ash particles can even damage aircraft engines.

Alexander Borutsky, helicopter mechanic: "Keep track of where the ash cloud out the altitude, wind direction, which blows. And thus the same, depending on the ash column, that is, if, for example, a cloud of ash goes to the track aircraft, aircraft already forced to change course, avoiding these pockets of danger. "

Vulcan now as the chief architect of Kronotsky reserve. With rockslides he changes riverbeds, creating new landscapes. Inspectors photographed every day changes, collect ash for analysis. This is to try to predict the possibility of catastrophic eruption.

Sergey Samoilenko, senior scientist active volcanism Institute of Volcanology and Seismology, "So, what to expect — until no one can say with certainty it can not, but you need to keep in mind that the volcanoes of this type, they are dangerous, they really are explosive . If an event occurs, commensurate with the explosion of the volcano or unnamed Shiveluch, which were on the Kamchatka Peninsula in the twentieth century, it will be a worldwide event. "

On the territory of the Kronotsky reserve hundreds of rare plants. Their only ash is not dangerous. Conversely, scientists expect to obtain valuable insights in the spring, when a mineral supplements they grow to unusual sizes.

Tikhon Shpilenok, Director of FGU "Kronotsky reserve": for, let's say, the plant world as possible plus because of the volcano ashes full of micronutrients, covering almost the entire reserve.

In Kamchatka truckers have a local folk sign: if the ash fell in the winter, spring, wait for the harvest of potatoes and other vegetables. Scientists do not see it as anything extraordinary. Ash, gardens really should give this year's good harvest.


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