In 2010, mankind has set a new record. Carbon dioxide emissions associated with the production of heat and electricity, have surpassed the performance of all previous years. These findings are contained in a report published by the International Energy Agency (IEA). In absolute terms, the volume of CO2 in 2010 amounted to 30.6 Gt, which is five percent more than the pre-crisis record of 2008, when the Earth's atmosphere was emitted 29.3 gigatonnes.
The experts are sounding the alarm: the world economy has already chosen 80% of the annual emissions of CO2, in which, by 2020 the temperature of Earth's atmosphere could rise by 2 degrees. Prevent just such a development promised last year, world leaders at the climate summit in Cancun, Mexico. "A significant increase in CO2 and the approach to the forbidden limit due to the development of infrastructure is a serious blow to our hopes for the temperature rise of no more than 2 degrees, "- said Fatih Birol, chief economist at IEA, preparing annual reports.
To achieve the stated goal at last year's summit in Mexico, representatives of the leading economies of the world have committed themselves to not exceed the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere above the limit indicator — 450 parts per million. Agency reminds that in 2000 the figure was 430 parts per million. On the basis of these studies, IEA hopes that the global economy will go on so-called "script-450." For this country in the world by the year 2020 should not emit more than 32 gigatonnes of CO2 annually. To achieve this, the growth rate of emissions for all of the next ten years should not exceed the growth that occurred in 2009? 2010 years, which is unlikely.
At the edge of the edge
"Our latest estimates — this is another wake-up call. World implacably closer to the levels of emissions that should not be achieved if we do not want 2020 to raise the temperature by 2 degrees, "- said Birol.
According to scientists, in 2010, 44% of the carbon dioxide emitted by burning coal had, 36% — and 20% of oil — natural gas. At present, the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation annual per capita emitted 10 tons of CO2, China — 5.8 tonnes and 1.5 tonnes in India. While 40% of the world's emissions account for more than OECD countries, the members of the organization make only a 25% increase in pollution. The main growth in emissions shown are not included in the organization of the developing economies of India and China.