Major earthquakes in the world in 2010-2011. Certificate

October 23 at the south-eastern province of Van in Turkey earthquake with magnitude 6.6. The earthquake has destroyed. The province also reported failures in the power supply and telephone connection. The earthquake was felt in many parts of south-eastern and eastern Turkey.

Tremors were registered in Armenia.

2011

On the night of October 22 in the Pacific Ocean to the east of the ridge NZ Kermadec Islands earthquake with magnitude 7.6. The epicenter was located 180 kilometers east of Raoul Island in 870 kilometers south of the coast of the island nation of Tonga. The earthquake lies at a depth of about 40 kilometers. The threat of a tsunami following the earthquake was not announced.

October 18 at one of the islands of the State of Papua New Guinea earthquake with magnitude of 6.3. The earthquake lies at a depth of 9.9 kilometers. The epicenter of earthquake was located 100 kilometers south-east of the city on the island of Kimbo New Britain. Reports of the devastation and the threat of tsunami victims were not.

October 14 powerful earthquake of magnitude 6.7 occurred off the coast of New Guinea island, part of the State of Papua New Guinea. The earthquake lies at a depth of 53 kilometers, the epicenter of the quake was at a distance of 104 kilometers to the east of the village of LEI. About destroyed or damaged in the earthquake were reported.

October 14 in the area of the Amur region Skovorodinsky earthquake with magnitude 5.9. The epicenter was 760 kilometers north-west of the village of Talakan Bureya district and 25 kilometers north-west of Solov'ev Tynda district. Tremors felt the people of almost all districts.

Hearth aftershocks was at a depth of 10-15 kilometers. Near the epicenter of the earthquake intensity was 8 points.

Suffered social facilities and homes.

October 13 off the coast of Indonesia's popular tourist island of Bali, an earthquake of magnitude 6.1. The epicenter of earthquake was located 100 kilometers south-west of the city of Denpasar, the center lies at a depth of 61 kilometers. The number of victims on the island was according to local health services, at least 50 people. Most of the wounded were in the resort town of Kut, where the quake, in some schools, and office buildings collapsed roof.

October 8 in the Pacific Ocean to the north-east ridge of the Kermadec Islands of New Zealand earthquake with magnitude 6.1. The epicenter was located 106 kilometers to the south of the island Lesperance Rock and 762 kilometers north-east of New Zealand's Auckland City. The earthquake lies at a depth of 40 kilometers. The threat of a tsunami following the earthquake was not announced

October 6 in northern Argentina earthquake with magnitude of 6.2. The epicenter was located at 139 km north-east of the location in the heartland of Salto. Hearth lies at a depth 9.5 miles.
No casualties or damage were reported.

On the night of September 23 in the Pacific Ocean near the Tonga Islands in Polynesia earthquake with magnitude of 6.2. The epicenter of earthquake was located at 174 km north-west of the city Hihifu islands of Tonga. Tremors have been recorded at a depth of 8.6 kilometers. No injuries or damage were reported.

September 18 in India earthquake with magnitude of 6.8. Its epicenter was 68 kilometers north-east of the administrative capital city of Sikkim Gangtok. Tremors lasted about 30 seconds, followed by two consecutive earthquakes of magnitude 6.1 and 5.3.

The earthquake in India was destroyed 700 homes, the number of victims, according to various estimates ranged from 120 to 200. In neighboring Nepal and Chinese Tibet, which were also affected by the earthquake that killed at least 20 people.

September 17 seismologists recorded four tremors in the Kuril Islands, the magnitude of the strongest was 7.1. It happened in the 460 kilometers to the south-east of the South Kuril (Kunashir Island). The epicenter was located in the Pacific Ocean. On Sakhalin Island earthquake was not felt.

September 15 earthquake of magnitude 7.2 occurred off the coast of Fiji — the island nation in the Pacific Ocean. The epicenter of earthquake was located in 453 km south-east of the capital of Fiji, Suva, which is located on the country's largest island of Viti Levu. The earthquake lies at a depth of about 593 kilometers.

On the night of September 6, a magnitude 6.7 earthquake occurred in the northern part of the Indonesian island of Sumatra. Quake epicenter was located 59 kilometers south-west of Cinco in the western Indonesian province of Aceh. Its center was located at a depth of 78 km below sea level beneath the surface of Sumatra. The earthquake in Aceh district and the nearby town of Cinco Subulussalam destroyed mosque Academy of Obstetrics and three houses. In addition, lasting 30 seconds tremors knocked power poles, and due to this short-circuit led to the fire, which resulted in 160 shops were burnt. Ten people were killed.

On the night of September 4 magnitude 7.0 earthquake occurred off the coast of the island nation of Vanuatu in the Pacific. Hearth lies at a depth 132.4 km, the epicenter of the quake was located at a distance of 122 kilometers to the south-east of the city Isangel.

September 2nd earthquake of magnitude 7.1 occurred in Alaska's Aleutian Islands. According to seismologists, the epicenter of the earthquake was 200 kilometers south-east of Atka on the same island. Hearth tremors occur at depths 35.5 kilometers. No casualties or damage were reported.

August 20 earthquake of magnitude 7.5 occurred off the coast of the island nation of Vanuatu in the Pacific. Hearth lies at a depth 40.6 km, the epicenter of the quake was at a distance of 62 kilometers to the south-west of the capital of Vanuatu — Port Vila. The data on casualties and damage were reported.

August 16 in Indonesia there were two earthquakes of magnitude 6.5. The first — the day on the west coast of the Indonesian island of Sumatra. Its epicenter was 547 kilometers south-west of the city in the province Bintuhan Benkulu, the focus lies at a depth of 10 kilometers.

The epicenter of the second quake was located in the east of the country — at 163 kilometers north-west of the provincial capital of Ambon Moluccas and center lies at a depth of 10 kilometers. No casualties or destruction Nothing to report.

August 1 6.8 magnitude earthquake occurred off the coast of the island of New Guinea, which is part of the State of Papua New Guinea. The earthquake lies at a depth of 16.8 kilometers, the epicenter of the quake was at a distance of 131 km to the east of Wewak — the administrative center of the province of East Sepik. About destroyed or damaged in the earthquake were reported.

On the night of July 20, an earthquake measuring 8 points in southern Kyrgyzstan, with the epicenter at 52 kilometers to the east of the regional capital city of Batken and just seven kilometers from the village Soviet. The result has been damaged over 600 houses, of which more than 200 heavily damaged, injured 15 people.

On the night of July 20, there was an earthquake in Uzbekistan. Magnitude earthquake with the epicenter at 235 km south-east of Tashkent, was at the epicenter of 6.5-7.0. In Andijan and Ferghana regions magnitude was 5 in the Namangan region — 4, in Tashkent — 5. As a result, killed 13 and injured more than 80 people.

July 10 magnitude 7.0 earthquake occurred off the east coast of the Japanese island of Honshu. The earthquake lies at a depth of 34.9 kilometers, the epicenter was located 250 kilometers east of emergency plant "Fukushima-1" and 411 kilometers northeast of Tokyo. Information about the destruction and casualties were reported.

July 6 earthquake of magnitude 7.8 occurred in New Zealand. Its epicenter was 163 kilometers from Raoul Island in the island arc Kermandek. The earthquake, it is estimated at a depth of 1 kilometer. No casualties or damage were reported.

April 12 magnitude 6.6 earthquake occurred off the east coast of the Japanese island of Honshu village. According to seismologists, the epicenter of the earthquake was just 77 kilometers northeast of Tokyo, aftershocks center lies at a depth of 13.1 kilometers. Data on injuries or damage.

April 8 seismologists registered magnitude 7.2 quake in the southern Kurils, victims and destructions. The earthquake occurred in 643 km south-east of the village of South Kuril at a depth of 33 kilometers.

April 7 at the north-east Japan earthquake with magnitude 7.4, in which two people were killed and 132 wounded. The epicenter of earthquake was located 98 kilometers east of the city of Sendai and 345 kilometers north-east of the capital, Tokyo.

March 24 there were two earthquakes magnitude 7.0 in Myanmar is almost at the border of this country to the territory of Thailand and Laos. The region, known as the "Golden Triangle" is located 80 kilometers from the border with China.

Hearth one of the quakes was located at a depth of 229.4 kilometers. The epicenter was located at 111 kilometers north of the Thai city of Chiang Rai, located near the border with Myanmar. Hearth second earthquake was located at a depth of ten kilometers. The epicenter was located 90 kilometers north of Chiang Rai.

According to official figures, Myanmar earthquake claimed 75 lives. Tremors destroyed 225 residential buildings, 11 monasteries and nine government buildings in various cities of Myanmar.

In China, the earthquake affected 11 counties, 64 villages. Damaged or destroyed more than 15,000 homes, affecting over 50,000 people.

March 11 in Japan, there were two powerful earthquakes. The magnitude of the first earthquake was 9.0, the epicenter was located 373 kilometers northeast of Tokyo, his focus lies at a depth of 24 kilometers. It caused a tsunami more than ten meters.

Magnitude of 7.1 second. According to seismologists, the epicenter of the earthquake was located 505 kilometers northeast of Tokyo, his focus lies at a depth of 26 kilometers. Strong tremors were felt in Tokyo.

According to the Institute of Geography of Japan, tsunami covered a total area of 561 sq. km, which corresponds to 90% of the 23 districts of central Tokyo. More than half the flooded area — 327 square kilometers — were in Miyagi prefecture. More than 110,000 people lost their homes. The victims of the devastating earthquake and ensuing tsunami were 15,000 703 people. Unaccounted for in six prefectures in Japan on August 17, including about 4.65 thousand.

February 22 in the second largest city in New Zealand, Christchurch, a devastating earthquake that almost leveled the center of the city. Many buildings were destroyed, the central cathedral, several areas are uninhabitable. According to seismologists, the epicenter of the 6.3 magnitude earthquake was located in the vicinity of the city. Hearth tremors occur at a depth of four kilometers. The earthquake killed 147 people. The amount of economic damage is estimated at $ 15 billion.

2010

December 20 powerful earthquake of magnitude 6.5 occurred in Iran. Its epicenter was in Kerman province near the settlement Hoseynabad. Element destroyed at least three settlements, houses that were mostly built of clay. According to agency IRNA, the region broke down all the phone lines. 7 people were killed and hundreds injured.

March 8 in the morning in the province of Elazig in eastern Turkey was a strong earthquake, in which 17 people were killed and 60 were injured, including 20 — heavy. Push magnitude 6.0 was recorded in 4.32 local time (5.32 MSK) and caused panic in the province. The earthquake was felt in many parts of eastern Turkey. Since the first quake, the region has been more than 10 earthquakes of magnitude smaller, seismologists reported.

March 4 powerful earthquake of magnitude 6.7 occurred on the island of Taiwan. As a result of quake homes were damaged, destroyed communications, fire broke out in a textile factory. The earthquake was recorded in Kaohsiung in the south-west of the island. According to the Seismological Bureau of China, the epicenter of the underground hit at a depth of 6 km. Tremors felt and residents of Taipei, Taiwan, which is located 400 kilometers from the epicenter of the earthquake. In southern and central parts of the country have been suspended rail service, and in Kaohsiung, the second largest city in Taiwan with a population of half a million people, closed underground. There have been power outages and telephone.

In February and March in Chile, a series of powerful earthquakes.

On the night of February 27, the tremors have been recorded at 115 kilometers north of the located in the central part of the country town of Concepcion (Concepcion), at a depth of 55 kilometers. Seismologists initially reported magnitude 8.5, then about 8.3. After some time, the U.S. Geological Survey has changed again in the midst of performance — up to 8.8. According to eyewitnesses, the earthquake shook even at home in Santiago, which is located approximately 340 kilometers from the epicenter. Tremors lasted for ten to 30 seconds. In some areas of the Chilean capital outage occurred. A few hours later, in central Chile were new tremors of magnitude 6.2. The earthquake triggered a tsunami. According to experts, the height of the wave reached nearly three meters.

About two million Chileans were left homeless and more than 800 people died, 1.2 thousand people are missing, damaged 1.5 million homes.

After the earthquake in the region occurred more than a series of powerful aftershocks.

March 4 off the coast of Chile was another earthquake, whose magnitude was 6.1. The epicenter of earthquakes that occurred in 4.59 MSK, is situated 39 km south-west of the city of Valparaiso, and at a depth of 27 kilometers. March 11 was another strong earthquake of magnitude 7.2.

January 12 Two powerful earthquakes within minutes there were a few miles from the coast of Haiti, their magnitude was 7.0 and 5.9 respectively. In the republic's capital of Port-au-Prince, after two earthquakes destroyed many buildings, including the Presidential Palace, the headquarters of the UN peacekeeping mission, the Parliament, the tax office, prisons, schools and hospitals.

The disaster killed around 220,000 people, destroyed 250,000 homes, a total of about 3 million affected people. According to experts, the damage from the earthquake — the most destructive natural disaster in modern history of the country — ranging from eight to 14 billion dollars.

The material has been prepared based RIA Novosti

Source: RIA Novosti

Source: vseneprostotak.ru.

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