Using satellite observations, it was found that in the period from 2003 to 2010, the most famous Middle Eastern water basins of the rivers Tiber and Euphrates fell to 144 km3. This means that part of the river basin, located in the territory of Iraq, Iran, Turkey and Syria, has lost about as much water as it covers, the Dead Sea. This amount of water would be enough to meet the annual needs of tens of millions of people.
Scientists note that the rate of reduction of fresh water in the Middle East is so great that the rate exceeded only indicators of India, where the problem is greatest on the planet. Very much on the situation with the underground river sources fueling drought has affected the Middle East in 2007. Then, soil moisture levels were in critical condition, area has gone down snow deposits.
But the decisive factor in the shallowing of rivers — about 60% — was unsustainable use of water sources, their relentless pumping from tanks, particularly during and after the 2007 drought. Only one in Iraq during the drought were dug about a thousand new wells. Worsens the situation and the fact that the region is still no common agreement on the management of shared water resources.