NASA prepares for a major Mars exploration

NASA and the European Space Agency (ESA) has begun to experience a new rover, which will go to the Red Planet in 2016. Two years after his return, scientists plan to send to Mars, another expedition, which will explore the planet's surface for the presence of life.

The spacecraft, called Entry, which is a landing demonstration module (EDM), will scan the Martian atmosphere for as long as the land on the planet. The ship will take various samples of the space environment and will return to Earth the first ever data on electrical fields at the surface of Mars, a statement quoted by ESA.

"EDM will land in the middle of a dust storm," — said one of the academic advisors ExoMars project Jorge Vago.

"This will give us a unique opportunity to understand the structure of the dust that fills much of the Martian atmosphere, and to take samples from the surface and find out how it is influenced by dust," — he added.

ExoMars 2016 crew should go to flight in January 2016 and get to Mars for nine months of the earth. Study will consist of two parts: the landing ship EDM to the Martian surface and atmosphere of the Red Planet Scan Orbiter Trace Gas Orbiter. The latter will be to collect information for two Earth years, by measuring the levels of methane and other gases, which could possibly have a significant impact on the current state of the planet.

ExoMars 2016 — is the first of two planned missions to Mars, which are jointly developing NASA and ESA. The second expedition to the planet in 2018 ExoMars will leave the ship Rover, which will look at the Mars evidence that existed on the planet, and, perhaps, there is life. The ship will be equipped with a special drill, with which it will drill the surface of Mars by two meters in depth. Scientists suggest that living organisms can be hidden from the harmful ultraviolet deep underground, where they are much more likely to survive than on the surface.


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