National hero of Latin America, Simon Bolivar

Simon Bolivar — the most prominent figure of the Latin American city, a mason, took over the movement of the Spanish colonies in the struggle for independence from the mother country. Bolivar was born in Caracas July 24, 1783. The guy lost his parents early, and his upbringing has had an enormous impact of his older friend and teacher recognized educator Simon Rodriguez.

Beginning of military and political activities of Bolivar refers to 1810. At first he joined the Francisco de Miranda, who led a revolt against the Spaniards, and then became the most notable of the leaders of the rebels. Venezuela was declared independent republic of 5 July 1811, but after some time the king's troops prepared for a rematch poorly organized and poorly armed revolutionaries.

Simon Bolivar, 36 years old, 1819

Simon Bolivar preparing the defense of Puerto Cabello — the most important port town of the country. But to organize resistance to the Spaniards understandable, coming under the command of Gen. Juan Domingo Monteverde, he could not because his closest subordinate, turned traitor and sold the Spanish defense plan of the rebels. Bolivarians suffered a complete defeat, led Simon and his followers establish themselves in the newest Grenada (now Colombia) and already there to prepare for the subsequent step of the struggle.

In 1813, in the spring, the army of Simon Bolivar re-entered in the countryside of Venezuela, and he managed to win over the Spaniards a number of policy victories: the Spanish were defeated in San Mateo, La Victoria, Araure, in the state of Carabobo. After classes Bolivar Caracas officially announced the creation of the second Venezuelan republic. But next year, the capital had already defended the local enemies of the Revolution, directed by the same Spaniards, who did not want to lose the colony. At this time the strength of the opposing sides were unequal, and the Spanish general Boves in the fighting at La Puerta defeated Bolivarians. A after lesions in Santa Marta Simon Bolivar with a few like-minded people had to leave Venezuela and shelter in Haiti.

There's irrepressible Bolivar again formed a small volunteer army, and January 1, 1817 has landed her on the coast of Venezuela. The scene of the fighting army of Bolivar and colonial forces were plains of the north of the country at the delta of the Orinoco River. After several victories over the Spanish Bolivar The latest has made the transition to the grandees of the Andes, where the Spanish army defeated the August 7, 1819 at the Battle of Boyaca. Convened first winter of 1819 in the Angostura Congress of Patriotic Forces announced the proclamation of the republic majestic Columbia, which included Ecuador, Colombia and Venezuela, President-elect of Bolivar.

In June 1821, after the battle of Carabobo, Venezuela's liberation was completed, and in July 1822 was released to Ecuador. At this time, the Argentine General Jose de San Martin led the battle against the Spaniards in the south. He defeated them in Chile and successfully moved to Lima — Peru's capital. A 26-27 July 1822 came the famous Guayaquil date. San Martin left Peru and the Bolivar went to the mission to end the war for independence. Bolivar with its own army entered in Peru and in the battles of Junin and Ayacucho in 1824 defeated the Spanish troops. Sucre defeated the Spanish in the same Upper Peru (Bolivia) in 1825.

Bolivar's political views were embodied in the constitution of the Upper Peru on May 16, 1825. In the same year, Upper Peru, was renamed the Republic of Bolivia. Also, at the initiative of Bolivar June 22-July 25, 1826 in Panama was called the Continental Congress, which was attended by representatives of Peru, Colombia, Mexico, and the provinces of Central America, but national parliaments have not ratified either the 1st solutions. Soon, the government of Colombia majestically began feuds, and in November 1826 Bolivar, trying to strengthen the stability of the young country, arrived in Bogota, and then, after 5 years of absence, he returned to Caracas. September 1828, was marked by the election of a Constituent Assembly, which started work in April next year.

The desire of Bolivar, to approve amendments to the constitution that would serve the centralization and strengthening of government, was met with angry resistance Federalists — supporters of Vice President Colombia. After Bolivar made sure to achieve their own political goals he does not, he organized a new municipal coup, but that did not stop the decay stateliness Colombia. Bolivar was obliged to resign in January 1830, but after a couple of months back, became president of a small period of time. Yet, the political career of Bolivar was rolling inexorably to its own decline, and in the spring of 1830 Bolivar retired. Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela became independent states, and traveled to Cartagena, Bolivar, or intending to emigrate to Europe or Jamaica. But the majestic head of the Latin American anti-colonial movement was not destined to die out of his beloved America. Bolivar died in Columbia December 17, 1830 presumably from tuberculosis. But the premise of early death was significantly Bolivar unexplained to this day.

The monument in Paris

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