National security and defense policy of the Russian Federation in recent years

The world is rapidly changing. Another relatively recently read as the "end of history", but now saying that haste — the "big story" vorachivaetsya on the planet. Geopolitical balance and principles that seemed strong a dozen years ago, at the present time are destroyed. Areas of interest of some countries which in the past were empires once again get a global scale. Create new political alliances, military conflicts and start the revolution. Some analysts have started talking about the proximity of the modern world war.

Because it cost to make out the military-strategic situation of the Russian Federation, and to realize that we are facing has strengthened the defenses of the country over the last decade.

Military Doctrine of the Russian Federation

After the collapse of the Soviet Union Russian Armed Forces have lost points against a background of clear actions of the U.S. and NATO at its eastward expansion is carrying out a course that can be called capitulatory. The document, entitled "On the basis of the military doctrine of the Russian Federation", which was signed by Boris Yeltsin in 1993, said that the external enemies from Russian Federation is not, the emphasis was on disarmament, particularly in the area of strategic arms. Almost Moscow did demilitarization of, having been defeated in the unofficial World War III — the "cold war." The document said that the main danger of the Russian Security lie inside the country, some of them have been identified — internal political instability of the country, social destabilization, mass protests of the population. Army targetted to perform police functions, which was confirmed in October 1993, when Moscow crushed a popular uprising, was executed Parliament.

Military Doctrine of 2000 already wore a fundamentally different nature. In it as a possible threat stated on the policy of the North Atlantic Alliance, the hostile actions of some countries of the arms race, building up military capabilities of states. Moscow has officially announced that it is ready to apply the first nuclear weapon to deter large-scale anger with the use of ordinary weapons, threatening the existence of.

February 5, 2010 was adopted by the brand new Russian military doctrine Federation. In it, one of the chief external military threats to the Russian Federation, said the desire to endow the power potential of NATO with global functions that are implemented in violation of international law, to bring the military infrastructure of NATO member states to the Russian borders, including by expanding the North Atlantic contract. It is said about the attempts to destabilize the situation in individual countries and regions of the planet and that undermine strategic stability. About the deployment and capacity of foreign military forces on the territories adjacent to Russia and its allies in the surrounding maritime areas. Looming RF creation and deployment of strategic missile defense deployment of strategic conventional high-precision weapons, the militarization of space, territorial claims against Russia and its allies, the intervention of other states in their internal affairs, the presence or appearance of lesions and the escalation of the armed conflict in neighboring areas.

Feature of the document — Moscow now permits the use of nuclear weapons, not only in large-scale war, and in the regional, if it threatens the existence of Russian country.

Conflicting years

Since the 90-ties of the XX century in principle is clear — our home at that time was de-facto semi-colony, a state with limited sovereignty. Going destruction of weapons, military-industrial complex, strategic bureaus, research institutes, scientific base, the Army quickly destroyed.

In the 2000s, the process was a bilateral nature. So, together with a desire to return to the military-patriotic education in the country with patriotic slogans, debates about the "lifting of the Russian Federation to its knees" (remember that in the 90s the word "patriot" was actually abusive), the army began to arrive in small batches new ( modernized Russian) standards weapons, it can be noted and bad trend started in the Yeltsin era.

Specifically, during the reign of Putin over the 2003-2007 period were retired and destroyed all missiles PT 23UTT unique martial railway missile system "Good" (by ordering NATO SS-24 "Scalpel"), which was in service with the Strategic Missile Forces Armed Forces . At the time of removal from service in the Russian Federation had 3 missile divisions armed with BZHRK ICBM RT-23UTTH (in Kostroma Oblast, Perm and Krasnoyarsk regions), with 12 trains with 36 launchers.

By the beginning of 2002 was abolished main Russian, and then an important center intercept Russian aircraft — Electronic Center at Lourdes (southern suburb of Havana Cuba). In the same year, our armed forces have left the military base in Vietnam, Cam Ranh town. This was a serious loss — because thanks to the natural conditions of this port is considered to be one of the best deep-water ports of the oceans. With this database we strengthened its military presence in the Asia-Pacific and the Indian Ocean. In Cam Ranh Bay was a naval base, para logistics fleet and air force base. After our departure to Cam Ranh showed enthusiasm USA and India. In recent years, the ability of restoring the database, and read as in Russia. The main motive for which we have left these bases — the economic, the cost savings.

Military reform

If in 90 years, the reform could define a word — reduction, after the 2008 war, we can note some positive changes. This war has become a kind of "kick" in the political management of the Russian Federation, it has to define itself: either Moscow as before doing the installation of the West, or begins to carry out the national policy direction, external and internal.

Apparently, as the latest example of the dismissal Kudrin from all the posts are very revealing, made the correct choice. In the field of military construction litsezreem now we not only destructive, and creative motives — and took (with grief in half) began to make the municipal program from the Russian weapons until 2020, signed contracts for the batch of aircraft, helicopters, ships, armored vehicles, guns come in party troops. Try to revive the NCO corps, to solve problems of the officer corps. Brigade as a base aircraft at their own shortcomings and have a number of advantages. The military budget of the Russian Federation, in the end, in line with its status as the majestic power. Try to increase the level of prof army at the expense of growth enlisted men serving on a contract basis.

Expressed the desire to make special "Arctic force" that in view of increased attention of the world community to the Arctic zone right move. In response to the increased pressure on land of the rising sun over the Tipo affiliated "northern territories" (part of the Kuril Islands) is developed programm strengthen its military presence on the islands, the modernization of the garrisons. Kuril garrison reinforced armored vehicles and air defense systems.

Signed agreements to extend the location of our base in Armenia (on a free basis), reinforced bases in Abkhazia and South Ossetia — settled their legal status. This has strengthened our position in the Caucasus.

Activated the work of the CSTO, the confirmation of this — Alexander Lukashenko offers and the latest exercise "Union Shield 2011".

To my surprise (after nearly 2-decades of neglect and destruction) you can see signs of increased attention to the patriotic education on Russian television, for example, the emergence of programs from "special assignment" (it is clear that the t
ransfer can be mass claims, but the direction is completely correct) .

The main external risk

The threat of conflict with the West. It is clear that large-scale war, at least in the coming term, is unlikely. But here's the "probe" on the strength of Russia, following the example of 2008, the West can fully. For this restored Georgian military potential, and watchdog Washington — Saakashvili — with pleasure comply with the request "friends." Another scenario is connected with Nagorno-Karabakh, Azerbaijan has made a very impressive (for the South Caucasus) military capabilities and can fully use it. Will be drawn into the conflict, Turkey, and through it, NATO and our homeland. There is a small possibility of a conflict with Finland, the Finnish nationalists almost directly demand to "return" Karelia.

The confrontation with the West may begin in a scenario of the collapse of Ukraine, when Turkey claim the Crimean Peninsula, Hungary, Romania, Poland — for their "pieces" of Ukrainian country. The same process of Tymoshenko, the activation of Ukrainian neo-Nazis — is the preparation of this scenario.

Another area where they can encounter the strategic interests of the West and the Russian Federation — is the Arctic region. With its supplies of natural resources, the Northern Sea Route.

The possibility of the latest Russian-Turkish war. In connection with the "neo-Ottoman" plans Turkish political elite, the conflict in the medium and long term, very possible. In particular, taking into account the matrix of Russian-Turkish relations. We have an area where the interests of the 2-powers intersect: Syria, the Balkans, the South and the North Caucasus, the Crimean peninsula.

Because units of the Armed Forces of the Russian on the southern strategic direction must be prepared not only to the guerrilla war in the vast Caucasus and Central Asia, and to a clash with a strong military power industry type. Modernization of the Black Sea Fleet is also true need.

The possibility of the Caucasus and Central Asian fronts. In the North Caucasus remains the possibility latest war (large-scale "anti-terrorist operation"). Map constructive Islam in Russia as in the past will play outside forces — Saudi Arabia, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States.

Because Russian army should be ready to respond to this challenge, the possibility of war is similar and the open spaces of Central Asia. There is fundamentally critical for us to keep a minimum of Kazakhstan. Although you have to try to keep the enemy on distant borders — borders on Tajikistan.

China. From the Middle Kingdom to pursue the relationship a "strategic partnership", we have a common enemy, who dreams to dismember Russia and China. Powerful Our homeland can not be afraid of hitting the Chinese. While it is clear that one must be prepared for a war scenario with China as a local character, and large-scale. The General Staff and the Army for this is to reflect any risk of the Russian state.

Japan. Our potential enemy on the eastern strategic direction, which is constantly increasing its capacity by momentary shock and conduct large-scale amphibious operation. Because the Pacific Fleet, the garrisons of the Kuril Islands, Sakhalin, Far East have to be ready to repel this attack and defeat the land of the rising sun without the introduction of nuclear weapons.

Taking into account the laws of war stories Land of the Rising Sun, samurai can cause unexpected blow, without notice. If you consider yourself a profitable time.

So Makar, illusions about the humanity of the world must have forgotten how bad fiction, only the strong Russian army and navy can ensure the safety of our people and our country in this rapidly changing world.

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