Parodont— A complex of tissues that surround tooth and ensure its fixation in the jaw bone. This complex includes the gums, periodontal ligament that connects the root of the tooth to the bone recess, alveolar bone and cement the root of the tooth. Periodontitis— Is an inflammatory process that involves all of periodontal structures. It is characterized by the destruction of the periodontal connection and progressive destruction of alveolar jaw bone.
Periodontitis is one of the most common causes of tooth loss in adults.
Most periodontal disease occurs when a bad mouth hygiene (irregular or incorrect brushing, flossing and neglecting etc.), which leads to the accumulation of plaque and gingival inflammation in the development — gingivitis. Over time, gingivitis may progress toPeriodontitis.
What's going on?
Once the inflammation overcomes major hurdle — the periodontal connection, it goes to the underlying tissues — periodontal and alveolar bone. As a logical extension of gingivitis, periodontitis acquires a completely new features.
As a result of this injury destruction of the supporting apparatus of the tooth is particularly fast, which, in turn, further contributes to the spread of microbial clusters. Formed Periodontitis.
Early Symptoms of periodontitis— Bleeding gums, redness, and bad breath. In later stages, patients reported exposure of the necks of the teeth, their increased mobility, fan-shaped divergence of upper incisors.
The diagnosis of "periodontitis" is set
To assess the degree of destruction of bone X-ray examination is appointed. There is a decrease in periodontitis alveolar bone height due to bone resorption mezhalveolyarnyh partitions.
Treatment and prevention
Treatment of periodontitis is primarily aimed at the removal of microbial accumulations of tartar and granulation tissue from the periodontal pockets.
With considerable depth of periodontal pockets of careful treatment is only possible through surgery. After the main task — to prevent re-infection. This controlled assigned oral hygiene rinsing antimicrobial (chlorhexidine korsodil etc.).
Prevention is the regular and thorough cleaning of the teeth, the use of dental threads for flossing. At least once a year to remove tartar at the dentist (or periodontist).