Each nation has its own gifts for the nature of his aspirations, interests and life, according to which the people are aware of and refer to themselves. Thus, in the pursuit of power and wealth, called herself the "Great" Britain, "Academic" in Germany, and "La Belle" France called herself out of love for elegance and beauty.
The Russian people, especially religiously gifted, called himself — on a special love for holiness — "Holy Russia."
"Holy Russia" is not the life of the holy people: the history of the Russian people have a story of his sins, but not only about them. The main feature of it is defined and which gave the right to the name "Holy Russia" was and is — true to the truth: the person of Holy Russia sins, but does not lie, and therefore knows where to go and what we should come back when he sinned and fell.
Holy Russia is a Russian national life, its character and mood, the inner life, not outside, not the form of life, and therefore does not need to be thought of Holy Russia, and certainly only in the garb of a particular historical period. No, it can be in all clothes.
Not to be confused with Holy Russia Russian State: they are in tune, but it is a phenomenon of a different order: one is spontaneous life defined by faith, attitudes, tastes, moods, and more — is the fruit of a conscious and purposeful human activity. And she and other people have a social life, but one guided by elemental force, both conscious power of government.
We never said "Holy Russia" — as a state, but "Holy Russia" — as folk, national life. We do not know the "sacred state" and do not say, as Catholics, "Holy Empire" — for we have no sacred forms of public life, we do not have the dogma of the state.
All of the Gospels is not a word about it. After the Old Testament, when the whole social life, all of the provisions of criminal and civil law were religiously sanctioned strikingly evangelical silence about these people so keenly interested subjects and issues of social life. In the Gospel on this subject there is only one sentence:"Repay to Caesar — Caesar's", ie live state, but the forms in which the principles on which to build the state and state power — this is not a word.
Christianity given to the meaning of life — communion with God. This is the only saving target and all, the whole life must obey it. But if "all" then, and public life. Christianity does not make a man the goal of a perfect state or social system, or even any goals in the plane of the culture. All of this is of secondary importance, rank and relative — as it is the main and only goal.
Christianity draws a person's attention to the inside, because there is committed to God and communion Kingdom of God. "The Kingdom of God" on earth should not be thought of external inherent therein, the "sacred" forms: The Kingdom of God does not come "with observation.""Neither shall they say, Lo here, or, lo there. Behold — the kingdom of God is within you."(Luke XVII, 20-21). The Gospel frees a man from the "sacred", mandatory for him, life forms. It encourages him to freedom, calling for life freely to subordinate the search for the Kingdom of God. It is as if a man says, "No these forms of life, everything is permitted, but not everything is beneficial." And we set ourselves the question of how the state will build a life of freedom called the son of Holy Russia?
The meaning of life, the way of salvation to him is clear. From the state can and must demand conditions to allow unhindered Christianity live a meaningful life.
The Kingdom of God, the Divine life on earth can exist on earth for all conditions and not external worlds and government orders not to allow the grace of God to man. But the conditions of life can be extremely difficult person to its assimilation.
Per person affected by the environment, the moral situation: we depend on each other and influence others. You can create such a relationship, a situation, or the air of public life that they live up to the extreme hard. In each state, as in the home or family, has its own spirit. That's why for the Christian not only do not care, but is of great importance ordering of public life, its purpose, the basics "philosophy of law" of the state, which determines the direction, character and spirit of life, our relationships with each other, our social life.
State life directs power, and power is always a different philosophy, and, guided by it, the government manages and arranges social life. There can be no philosophy of government — without some sort of understanding of its meaning and purpose. If anyone says that the government does not need any philosophy that the state is the only technology organization to meet the needs and wishes of the majority, then this statement is already a kind of philosophy of state law.
Therefore, if the State does not accept the Christian position that all life and, consequently, the public, must be subordinated to the Christian meaning of life, the place of this philosophy it is to put the other: but a man of Holy Russia all the ways of the dispensation of the state will be considered by the as they move away or closer to the principle of subordination of Christianity throughout life as they create an environment conducive to the life and development of the Christian.
The hardest thing for spiritual growth, but the most tempting — to live in an atmosphere of triumphant evil. When evil is not only not prosecuted, but encouraged by the authorities. Evil is celebrating his victory and seems invincible. Such is the life of a godless government. It's such intolerable burden, is evil and disgusting that people are morally crushed by such a life and become victims of evil and despair.
Apparently not so painful, but can be just as tempting to live in an atmosphere of indifference to good and evil. This is the air of state and public life at a place where the principle of separation of church and state. This air grows cold showers and fire extinguishes confession. This is the air in democracies: they are the supreme law — the need of the majority, and they are only technical organization, "vehicle" for the execution of the orders of this variable will: there is no eternal truths, it makes no sense, there is no service to the Truth and off daring faith. There is no eternal values, the emptiness, and the Church the same rights as the anonymous Joint Stock Company.
Morally difficult and tempting to live in all totalitarian states, even if it is not open, godless totalitarian communist regime.
If you reject the principle of subordination of the government of the Christian idea, and if it is not acceptable democratic principle of the spiritual "unthinking", the government should give a different idea, a different main guiding purpose. But whatever it is stated aim does —
whether it's the greatness of the state, the nation, the modern social order, etc. — Will always be the presence of 3 specific to any of the provisions of totalitarianism, "instead of" all available Christian principles exposes another party and it worked out owned. This is the basis of party rule: its justification in the fact that only the party knows how to live a meaningful life, and to arrange, and only because it is designed to operate. In this consciousness of its exceptional importance is the reason why all totalitarian regimes of the party suspicious or hostile to the Church: it prevents them because it has a meaningful understanding of their life and their existence challenges the correctness of the party and the identity claim. Finally, when all the party mode can not be flexible internal policies consistent with the requirements of life: the past in the eyes of the party are unjustified, since do not rely on "meaningful" party program, in which the need to organize life.
Here is the replacement of authentic and real values artificial and contrived pretentiousness and characterizes party regimes. On them at all, sharper or less, everything is always the same totalitarian print debilitating depression, and her name — "Soviet nostalgia."
Holy Russia wants the state in which he lives and develops smoothly Christian. She wants to not be "in the air" indifference to evil and the good, that was a struggle against evil, that there is no separation and dominion of one over the other, to avoid temptations and grievous temptations that has been fighting against them. Holy Russia wants to be in power, the Orthodox worldview or philosophy, to power, and her and led her entire public life, was clearly aware of the purpose of struggle against evil. But there is no Typicon salvation, and it requires initiative, energy and sensitivity "bodrennogo Heart" and "sobriety of thought," and in public life, in the management of the government's actions there is no timetable for all occasions: the authority should be lively sense of good and evil.
Holy Russia wants power, creating a good and sensitive to it: it's expensive to support the authorities to understand and feel the mood of what life air is needed or useful or harmful to the Christian, where and in what for him obstacles and temptations. Therefore Holy Russia wants power not party, not the device, not morally irresponsible anonymous-majority, not a legal person spiritually dead, and wants the power of man, morally responsible lively personality. Dear to her right mind, the beating heart and the will power of the media.
Holy Russia knows that no external, legal norms, and the order of the ballot can not create such a mind, heart and will. This is a clear and firm knowledge and approved by the desire to find the coveted power and lead to the decision of the Holy Rus public policy issue, and unlike that of the original decision of the Western world. Last wary of the government, concerned about its capabilities, wants to follow it, for it introduces a system of restrictions and controls and, fearing government wants to depersonalize.
Holy Russia on the contrary — casts all of these techniques impact on the power: instead of legal rules controlling and limiting it suits the spiritual and moral conditions that guarantee the desired power to it: it gives the wearer the freedom and power to impose his moral responsibility without this incredible freedom. She wants a free and autocratic power and puts one condition of autocracy free autocratic government should support regally freely practice their faith and make a pledge to exercise its authority, guided by his belief that. This relationship with the sovereign power of his faith is so deep that gave grounds Metropolitan Anthony said:"My loyalty to the King is determined by its fidelity to Christ."
When the King will bring this vow solemnly coronation, then in response to his willingness to devote themselves to the service of the Royal feat Church offers the Sacrament of Confirmation, and sanctifies the power of the King. Since then, events or media power actually becomes king — the Anointed One of God: it is not only the head of state but a servant of God. "King" and "reign" — is not only a rite of State and his ministry, but also the rank of Church, Church and ministry. At the King of God's blessing and a King or better, in the blessed King and the State: The king received a blessing because it brought their willingness to devote their power to the service of God's truth, but he could do it because the Holy Russia in free love to holiness King wanted the king's service and blessing of God on their public life:"The king by the grace of God and the will of the people of the monarchy, which is involved in the creation of the state of the Christian power and the possibility of serving the king."This is the fundamental basis for constructing Holy Russia — Russian State and the royal power. This construction is radically different from all the systems and principles to the problems set by the authorities in other states.
For a person who does not know and does not force a believer in moral relations — responsibility, requests, promises — this system is not clear and looks naive, and Holy Russia knows what a huge impact force and training in spiritual and moral demands, what it furnishes the power. She knows for sure how much they are real and effective law enforcement measures. Knows how they guard the King on his great feat, as ennobling power of life and the entire state, in giving her moral strength, as legally recognized.
Freedom of the King, his free exercise of faith and the purpose of his ministry, the moral attitude of the King and the people — their common goal of a Christian state, the moral responsibility of the King, his dedication to the Tsar's service, the consecration of His power and anointing of the King of the Kingdom and feat — these are the basic laws State generated Holy Russia, are the foundations of this is really "sui generis" state. This constitution created a corresponding halo Russian Tsars. There is a beautiful testimony of the characteristic hue of the halo. He is spoken Russian poets, spiritual, subtle and noble, who were able to"Kings of the truth with a smile saying".
Modestly respectfully they say characterizes the Russian Tsars honesty:"He honestly governs us"— Said Pushkin."Our honest Russian Tsar", — Tyutchev wrote.
Holy Russia came to their state consciously, sobriety and hard to find a Christian state! Not because she wants the King, it is divinely instituted a state form and dogma, not because she fell in love with the power and beauty of one-man power, but because she does not know how else to build a Christian power.
"Everything is permitted" free thought and free of Holy Russia has reviewed all the solutions. Discarding all godless totalitarian theory, it does not accept democracy as a principle, because he can not take it and the banner slogan — "the supreme law — the will of the people"! No, the supreme law — the ministry of Truth, and the will of the people shall obey him! Do not take it and attempt to resolve this problem of the Christian state, this line of thought — Christian state would, ostensibly, if in fact the Christian views and sentiments will prevail and characterize life. But the actual need to win, but not a declaration. Taking advantage of democratic freedoms, we must spread the Christian influence on public life. Hence the slogan — "Faith and Fatherland." So come to that, it is not necessary to solve the problems of the Christian state! But this is just like: in fact advocates of this slogan and tactics of solving it, and come to the assertion of the principle of non-Christian democracy and its indifference to good and evil. For example, "in the name of Christianity," they come to the assertion of the principle of anti-Christian! And there is no confession consciousness of good and evil, no swearing, no consciousness of what should stay and what to return in the fall. Said slogan in some — a way to avoid the problem away, in others — the fruit nedodumali thoughts and may be fear, fear of a democratic, released from their hands the initiative, control, and influence …
Next to that cold and thoughts developed purely democratic concept, as it were, with some moral justification: "The state is created by people, and they should be responsible for it." But in order to be responsible, we need freedom of creativity — can not be held morally responsible for what in the creation of which I was not involved. Therefore we can not be responsible for a theocratic monarchy state created, as some interpret, or God — Divine "delegate", "a representative of the higher supernatural powers" (see for L. Tikhomirov), but not by the people or by the people. But if the true position that "people should take responsibility for the state," then there must be a theocratic monarchy, for if it can not bear this responsibility.
One might think that such an argument in different shades and variants accompanied the struggle against the monarchy in the West, where justified by a theocratic monarchy (or sometimes aristocratic). Then the struggle, therefore, was carried out for the people's right to work and the related liability.
Need to have the creative freedom and the related liability — a sense of legitimate and justified, and it demands satisfaction, and the question — answer.
Theocratic monarchy implies understanding this situation: on the one hand — the imperious authority, on the other, the opposite — people, humble power of the people, whose virtue does not work and responsibility, and humility.
In the state of Holy Russia the situation is different: there is in power and the people in the back there is no opposition and division, and vice versa: the unity of the main artistic goal — the creation of the Christian state, and shared responsibility. Monarchy for the person of Holy Russia is not within the established system. No! For him, this is the only way to implement its stated goal of creating an expensive Christian state. Therefore, the very existence of the monarchy, the understanding of its meaning, its protection, its loyalty — all this is the manifestation of the creative will of the people of Holy Russia.
Finally, there is yet another attempt to solve the problem: not the man to hand over power, and a certain portion of the people of the Christian faith. It is from among themselves to choose the carrier power. This sets the religious aristocracy associated with vnutrinarodnym division and all the consequences of it. Russia also conveys the power of man a certain worldview, but not shared by the people, but rather in front of him all the people of all faiths are completely equal:"The king is not only the King of the Orthodox, or educated, or working, or peasants, but the King of All Russia."
Holy Russia loves the King and royal service, and rejoices when he in the rank of the coronation, invested with the power and glory, prostrate themselves before God and the Church of God, bringing that power to the service of God and his righteousness. Metropolitan Anthony said this when Russia merges with Holy Russia, the moment of true spiritual exultation, as at Easter. It is the joy of victory of Good, or here in front of all the people to create a "retainer" evil, for the salvation of many.
Holy Russia does not want to choose the King to human affairs and earthly calculations do not affect the King, does not bind his liberty, for where there is no freedom — no service and no Tsar 'hold'. So she asks God to show the King.
Love for the King and the royal authority by the understanding is not the fruit of reverie or mood. No, its base is much deeper: the human soul is required. We see that even among the people for a long time to put the power under the control and supervision of the parliament, still lives the love of the Christian bogootvetstvennoy power.
At the recent coronation of England representative of the church in these words introduced the idea of the royal coronation and the ministry: "In the coronation of Queen takes over the rest of his life difficulties and joys of Christian duty of his high calling. She called to God on his ministry and accepts it. She obeys the call for obedience. She promised to give his life to his people, to guide him and encourage him. This requires more than human strength, and these forces makes her coronation in Christ to spiritually uplift the life of the Christian people. " In these words there is something on our understanding, although there is a call to fight against evil, and it is not a question of 'hold'.
People, people love the idea of a Christian government. In England it is only a foggy misty dream, tradition and beauty, Surely in all this only the people's desire to Christian authority, and in fact — the poor Queen, "free England" — a prisoner of the dominant party, and today designed to "elevate the spiritual life of the Christian people," " obtained the power of the Christ "- Tomorrow, at the behest of the dominant party, she dutifully put his hand persecutor of the faith and Christianity.
Christian Imperial power in Russia was not a dream or an idea, but the real power. The great world power! And now — there is no king, and there is no peace in the world. It was the power to "hold" evil, and because of that in order to kill the King, it was necessary to raise the godless revolution. When the people of the immense majority, at least for a time, lost the Faith and God, the King was alone and defenseless.
As long as the person is alive — alive, his soul, and it worked like the idea of the Christian authorities. Our soul knows what is true of the state — in the Christian authorities. Holy Russia always true Truth. Sons of Holy Russia, or those who hope to be the son of her, stand up for the King, the Tsar's service, because, as Holy Russia, they know no other way to establish the Christian authorities. < /p>
Peter S. Lopoukhine
(14.02.1885 — 02.08.1962)