Satellite imagery showed the approach of the earthquake in Japan, according to PhD in Geography from the laboratory L.I.Morozova natural geophysical fields of the Institute of Petroleum Geology and Geophysics SB RAS (Novosibirsk).
The scientists made this conclusion based on the study of linear cloud anomalies (DEL). Lidia leads meteorological data, including satellite imagery, which indicate the approach of the earthquake on March 11 in 05 hours 46 minutes.
"In times of fault activation crust on them sometimes formed linearly extended ridge of clouds or cloud-free narrow canyons in cloud fields," — says Morozov.
"Passage of typhoons in Japan, often accompanied by earthquakes. In this image, the asterisk stands for the epicenter of the typhoon, held March 7 above the catastrophic earthquake of M 9 "- says Lidia.
She said the weather had been harbingers of the Japanese earthquake cloud anomalies.
"The images show cloud line anomalies over Japan (indicated by lines). For example, this image was taken on March 8 at 9 hours 03 minutes. The stepped design of cloud anomalies in Tokyo demonstrates its lithosphere nature. Against the background of a small amount of clouds in the linear anomalies are expressed clearly, "- says Lidia.
As can be seen in the following images taken on the same day at 15 hours 02 minutes and 21 hours, activation of the fault persists in Tokyo.
"And this picture was taken in 5 hours 46 minutes to push. With increasing cloudiness in the region have established conditions for the manifestation of the most intensified fault. Linear cloud anomaly consists of cloudless canyons in the Sea of Japan and in the ocean and cloudy ridge near the northern part of. Honshu. Zone marked by the lines, "- says Morozov.
"TERRA satellite image shows the angled perimeter anomaly cloud bands. Satellite image AQUA March 9 at 1:00 at the island of Hokkaido, it dashed" — continues to Lidia.
The scientist also follow the dynamics of cloud anomalies after the push March 11:
The emergence of cloud ridge through. Kyushu (AB)
The process of erosion of the ridge
Education cloudless canyons above the faults near about. Kyushu
LOA in a canyon of the epicenter in the north-east (AP)
"This picture is fixed latitude cloud anomaly on the southern boundary of the cloud field typhoon. She is shown and in the following image. In the continent shifted from cloud field cyclone circuit to which exposure to tectonic processes have blurred the border (over southern Sakhalin and the. Hokkaido), the motion of the faults have stepped straight path in acquiring part of its perimeter, though the atmospheric conditions over water could change inherent arc shape. The southern end of the cloud anomaly was in close proximity to the epicenter of the earthquake, "- says Lidia.
However, at about. Honshu in 18 hours
"This picture was taken on March 14, at 15 o'clock. The next day there was a push on Honshu M 6.2. Cloudless canyons in the typhoon of preserving fault activation ocean floor are signs of aftershocks. In the typhoon at latitude 30 N, are outside the seismically active zone, cloud field remains unperturbed. Typhoon with radioactive isotopes reached the south of Kamchatka "- says Morozov.
Canyon and the sharp boundary clouds (AB) on the periphery of the typhoon 15.03, 00 hours
Cloud anomaly in the rear of the typhoon 16.03, 6:00
"This seismic process involved the Kuril Islands and the Kamchatka Peninsula, as it always happens when active fault length north-western Pacific Ocean. The Kamchatka Peninsula on 14 and 17 March, there was a magnitude 3 earthquake 4.6 — 5.1 "- he says.
LOA in the form of clouds blurs — the canyon ahead of Typhoon March 8, 2011 Mr.
After 10 min. TERRA satellite
Two wide canyon formed angle
Several canyons pictured satellite TERRA 16.03 at 1:00
Successive formation of canyons on different faults
"The work of Russian scientists in the detection of precursors of natural disasters using satellite data, can find its further development and technical implementation of the project of the International Aerospace global monitoring system (IGMASS)," — says the study Morozova Executive Secretary of the International Public Committee for the Project With IGMASS . V.Cherkas.
Initiated by the Russian scientific and public organizations IGMASS idea was supported by the International Academy of Astronautics in 2008. To date, the project has already joined a number of countries, and for the past few months, interest by China, Indonesia, Vietnam, South-West Africa.
IGMASS — is a major organizational and technical system that integrates in its composition, along with specially created, our own specialized space segment — a grouping of microsatellites with the on detecting early signs of destructive natural disasters, both existing and future national and international air and ground facilities including contact and remote sensors, remote-sensing systems, communications and relay, meteorological and navigation support, along with the associated ground infrastructure clearance, management and maintenance of the spacecraft, receiving, processing and dissemination of monitoring information.
"The project is based on the concept of identification with the use of special equipment space, aviation and land-based so-called" precursors "of natural disasters, which are manifested in the form of the anomalies of the geosphere, and on this basis to predict catastrophic events of geological or meteorological nature," — says Cherkas.
He adds that the world community is growing interest IGMASS, as a project aimed at reducing the devastating effects of natural disasters and man-made disasters.
"The main feature is the ability to effectively IGMASS warning the international community about the threats of global character. In this respect, the study Lidia Ivanovna, and similar work is invaluable, "- concludes S.V.Cherkas.