Scientists alarmed extinction of ocean

A group of scientists, consisting of 27 experts from six countries, disclosed his research on the state of the oceans, according to "Der Spiegel".

According to the preliminary report of the International Programme on Ocean (IPSO), the oceans are on the brink of global extinction — the last time such a scale of changes occurred 65 million years ago. That is, humanity has never experienced such a catastrophe.

Experts note that the extinction of species is much faster than previously thought. "The results are shocking. We identify the consequences for humanity, which will affect our lives, and what is worse, our children and future generations," — said the director of the IPSO researcher Alex Rogers in a statement. According to him, the situation is very serious and requires immediate action at the highest level. However, this is expressed little hope.

The fact that the oceans became extinct in many ways — "merit" of the individual. Release of waste into the oceans, mindless fishing and anything that moves, finally, the neglect of the natural treasures (one disaster in the Gulf of Mexico is worth) — all this was the fuse for the bombs. Scientists capture warming, increase of hypoxia (low oxygen, which leads to oxygen starvation) and the oxidation of the oceans. All this affects the coral reefs, which play a very important role in the ecosystem of the ocean. About a third of the world's reefs are already ruined. And in this situation all the reefs in general may disappear by 2050.

Possible mass death of flora and fauna of the oceans could become the sixth mass extinction in Earth's history. During the Ordovician-Silurian extinction, which occurred about 450 million years ago to the Cretaceous-Paleogene extinction (65 million years ago), the dinosaurs disappeared. The biggest disaster in the biosphere of the planet occurred in Perm period (251 million years ago) — it is called the greatest mass extinction of all time. Then lost about 70 percent of all terrestrial vertebrates, 96 percent of marine species and 83 percent of the class of insects.

"Rossiyskaya Gazeta" — www.rg.ru

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