Storm in the heat. A collection of facts about the weather in the U.S.

Americans are used to living in conditions of extreme heat and strong winds Pazrushitelnye storms and heat, which put the north-eastern part of the U.S. to the brink of crisis, it is not an exception but rather the rule. Such extreme weather events in the United States are common.

For all the measurements, the highest temperature in the U.S. was recorded in Death Valley, California — July 10, 1913 the mercury in the thermometer reached the mark of 56 degrees Celsius. In 1934, New Hampshire had the highest recorded wind speed — 103 meters per second.

According to the U.S. National Climate Centre (The National Climatic Data Center), the most "hot" cities in the U.S. (that is, in those cities marked the highest annual average temperature) are considered Key West, Miami (both — Florida) and Yuma (Arizona). Very "dry" (where the minimum amount of precipitation falls) — Yuma (Arizona), Las Vegas (Nevada) and Bishop (California). The most "windy" cities (where the strongest winds are blowing) recognized Mount Washington (New Hampshire), Blue Hill (Massachusetts) and Dodge-City (Kansas).

According to the U.S. National Climate Centre (The National Climatic Data Center) from 1980 to 2012, the country took 134 weather disasters, all of which caused damage to the $ 1 billion (the total exceeds 880 billion). The balance of natural disasters is that 44 storms (damage 96.1 billion dollars), 16 droughts (respectively, 210.1 billion) and 11 natural fires (22.2 billion).

In 2011, extreme heat caused the death of 138 people (average for the previous decade, annual heat took away 119 lives). The majority (58%) of the victims died at home, however, their houses and apartments or do not have air conditioning or cooling system out of service. Multi-year statistics show that most victims of excessive heat are older men.

In 2011, strong winds killed 76 people in the U.S. (average "normal" in the past decade — 45 deaths). In strong winds the most dangerous in the vehicle or trailer.

Counting the number of casualties and damage to weather disasters (including lightning, floods, extreme cold, etc.), in the United States started in 1940. During this time (excluding the data for the year 2012) Poems claimed 14,926 lives, the damage exceeds 423 billion dollars. These statistics show that the greatest threat to man are lightning (9207 deaths), Flood (7478) and tornadoes (7374).

In the U.S., the time period from June 1 to November 30, known as "hurricane season." Storms that originate in the Caribbean Sea, threatening the lives and property of approximately 37.3 million Americans (12% of the population) living on the east coast. In 2011, over the Atlantic swept seven hurricanes, one of which hit the United States.

The most deadly hurricane in U.S. history occurred before the systematic collection of such information. In 1900, a hurricane hit the city of Galveston, Texas — then lost more than 8 thousand people.

The plot of the most popular children's works of American literature — "The Wizard of Oz» (The Wonderful Wizard of Oz) — begins with a hurricane, which takes in the magical land of a house with a girl and her dog inside. Wind power, as described by Frank Baum, American readers did not seem to be an exaggeration.

In 1936 — at the height of the "Great Depression" — the United States struck a terrible heat, leading to the unprecedented drought. As a result of the heat (mainly due to heat and sun stroke, heart attack) killed about five thousand Americans. In most states in the country crop was destroyed. It is believed that North American disasters of this magnitude was not observed for centuries.

In 1902, an American engineer Willis Carrier invented air conditioning. Carrier company he founded still exists today.

According to the U.S. Department of Energy, in 2009 (latest available data) 87% of U.S. homes and apartments are air-conditioned. Estimated marketing firm IBISWorld, in this market there are more than 84 thousand companies, employing more than 407 thousand employees.

U.S. Department of Energy said that despite the fact that households in the U.S. in recent decades has increased dramatically the number of electrical appliances, real electricity consumption steadily declining. In particular, modern air conditioning by 30-50% efficient models of the 1990s.
Source: www.golos-ameriki.ru

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