Durban / South Africa /, Dec. 1 / Xinhua / — After the 2006 Nairobi conference on climate change, this year's International Conference on Climate Change held again in Africa south of the Sahara. Climate change for developing countries are not only a threat to the environment, but also the problem associated with their existence. With this idea of the conference in Durban, appealed to the international community, demanding not to ignore the voice of Africa in a program of speeches at the conference.
Africa is one of the continents most severely affected by climate change. If the trend to global climate change does not change, in 2080 30 percent of the infrastructure in the coastal areas of Africa will be flooded due to rising sea levels, which will affect the safety of 70 million people, in 2020 7,5-25 million Africans will lack of drinking water due to climate change, and grain harvest of the country declined by 50 percent, so the hunger, like what happened this year at the Horn of Africa, perhaps even stronger. Thus, climate change, as President of South Africa Jacob Zuma, is a matter of life and death in Africa.
It is necessary to be sensitive to the needs of Africa's fight against climate change. On the issue of life and death, it is necessary first of all to strive for survival. The first task for African countries — it is a matter of adaptability, the essence of which is to protect themselves and minimize damage from natural disasters caused by climate change. That is why the key issue at the conference in Durban will be the problem of adaptation.
Do not underestimate the determination of Africa in the fight against climate change. From the point of view of some developed countries, African countries have been standing there with his hand out, and to give them money. And actually, if African countries receive enough funds and technical assistance, they have the self determination to act against climate change and to strive for further development. South Africa has already announced its largest contract in the "green economy", expressing the hope that it could provide 300,000 jobs through energy efficiency, reduce greenhouse gas emissions and transformation of economic development model.
Some developed countries are using "climate unity" as an excuse for abandoning commitments to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases, according to them, if other countries do not give up on the greenhouse gases, the efforts of developed countries in this field will have no value. In fact, African countries found themselves in a difficult situation it was largely due to a "climate of unity": greenhouse gases, waste of developed countries since the beginning of industrialization, have led to global climate change, which caused serious damage to African countries.
Because of the "climate of unity" concerted action in reducing greenhouse gas emissions and providing financial aid to developing countries is very important. Under the Copenhagen and Cancun Agreements, developed countries should provide developing countries with new and additional financial help in the fight against climate change, in particular, to provide urgent amount of $ 30 billion before 2012 and transfer of $ 100 billion annually for 2012-2020 .
Against the background of the severe challenges posed by climate change, we can not forget about the African country, following the path of sustainable development.