14.12.12.Gosduma adopted law "On protection of public health from exposure to environmental tobacco smoke and the effects of tobacco use." In the first reading of the bill in support of 429 MPs voted against — 2. No abstentions. Law will help save 110 billion rubles a year for treatment of diseases associated with smoking.
Anti-smoking law prohibits smoking "in the territories and in the premises for the provision of services in the field of social protection, education, culture, youth policy, physical culture and sports, state and local government services." It clarifies the ITAR-TASS news agency, you can not smoke in public transport, urban and suburban, in the common areas of residential apartment buildings and areas of playgrounds and beaches.
The bill to ban smoking in open areas at a distance of less than 10 meters from the entrance to the premises of the railway stations, bus terminals, airports, ports, railway stations, as well as on the premises of the objects in the workplace and in work areas specified objects.
The document suggests "a phased ban on smoking in the territories and in the premises for the provision of medical and health-improving services, long-distance trains, on aircraft and seagoing vessels, the premises for the provision of housing services, personal services, trade services, Catering and markets as well as in non-stationary trading facilities. "
Elected officials to the same law plan to increase excise taxes on tobacco products, as well as to set minimum retail prices for cigarettes. This will increase the price of a pack of cigarettes tripled. Also imposed limitations of wholesale and retail trade in tobacco and tobacco products. To sell tobacco products and tobacco products are encouraged to leave only for stationary shopping center, the area of which in towns and cities than 50 square meters and 25 square meters in and out of rural areas.
In addition to the limitations and prohibitions of anti-smoking bill proposes and educational measures. In particular, public awareness about the dangers of tobacco use and the harmful effects of tobacco smoke, the ban on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship, as well as a ban on the demonstration of tobacco products and smoking process.
The law also defines the provision of medical assistance to the citizens to abandon tobacco use and tobacco dependence treatment.
Stipulated in the law and ban trade in tobacco products to and by minors. As elected representatives are ready to register both the production, import, export, wholesale and retail trade in tobacco products, tracking of production equipment, the movement and distribution of tobacco products.
"This bill is not working, if it will not be amended to define who controls and what penalties will be imposed" — warned the chairman of the Duma Committee on Health Sergei Kalashnikov from the Liberal Democratic Party.
According to the State Secretary — Deputy Minister of Health of Russia Sergey Velmyaykina, control functions will be specified at the time of the second reading of the amendments to the bill.
"It is expected that there will be exactly the same as for the regulation of smoking tobacco — I mean cigarettes, cigars, hookahs, and for smokeless tobacco blends — the so-called" snus "," nasvay "and a number of other things — the official said. — Therefore, we assume that the limitations and restrictions are the same. "
In addition, the frightening images on cigarette packs should be available in May 2013. Since that time, will be sold only a pack of cigarettes on which these terrifying images of the harm of smoking is. To control the execution of the provisions of the Russian Ministry of Health intends to involve the public.
Sergei Velmyaykin explained that the right of the owner to host smoking remains, but it is limited to a list of institutions in which tobacco use is not permitted under any circumstances. "In fact, we allow private owners, for example, some business structures, equip their premises smoking room — he said. — If colleagues deem it necessary that the requirements for these "smoking room" were established in law, or a regulation level, we are ready to discuss-topic for a second reading. "
First deputy head of the faction "United Russia" in the State Duma Vyacheslav Timchenko noted that "it is prohibited open display of cigarettes — they can choose to only list price."
The tobacco companies are no longer able to engage in sponsorship and charity, promote events aimed to promote their products, and manufacture of gift products with their logos.
"At the same time, the bill does not drive people whose business is somehow tied to the tobacco, in the corner, giving them time to rebuild — assured MP Timchenko. — Anti-tobacco boom captured in recent decades, most countries in the world. The number of smokers has decreased significantly. Smoking just was not fashionable. And it all started exactly with the enactment of legislation and severe, and most importantly — irreversible sanctions for non-compliance. Without such sanctions, to which I paid attention more than once, the fight against smoking is certainly turn into a regular PR campaign. "
Meanwhile, France recognized the failure of the anti-smoking campaign
France December 13 announced the complete failure of the anti-smoking campaign, which is in the country for many years, according to Agence France-Presse.
This was stated by Chairman of the Accounts Chamber of the French Didier Mego in his report on the budget spending on anti-tobacco campaign. According to him, due to diseases related to smoking, there are still 73,000 people die each year. Thus, smoking — the most common cause of preventable death in France.
According to Mego, a ban on smoking in public places, which operates in the country since 2007, had no impact on the number of smokers in the country. It fell from 35 percent to 31 percent between 2000 and 2005, but increased again to 34 percent by 2010.
In its report, Mego France compared to the UK, where over the past 10 years, the number of smokers has decreased from 30 to 20 percent. According to Mego, this is due to the fact that in the UK compared with France controlled much stricter adherence to anti-smoking laws.
In addition, Mego drew attention to the amount of assistance that the government allocated Supermarkets country who have lost a significant part of the profit due to the rise in price of cigarettes. Thus, the total amount of allocated funds in 2004 amounted to about 300 million euros, which is three times the amount allocated from the budget to combat smoking.
According to Didier Mego, the only effective way to combat smoking will further increase the price of cigarettes. In addition, he pointed to the need for smoking cessation.