Experienced Kalashnikov 1964 (Our Fatherland)
Experienced Kalashnikov rifle mod. 1964 automation system from equilibrium. Most of the automation system with a gas engine features an easy impulse diagram, which is especially sensitive to personal weapons. When firing arrows experiences alternately a number of divergent impulses: the impact shot, the reaction of the gas chamber, hitting the moving parts in the last posterior position, they also hit the front in the last position. In general, such "shocks" are increasing scatter when shooting bursts. Because the struggle to improve accuracy of fire machine was accompanied by attempts to use the new schemes to address these shortcomings. One of them — "balanced system".
In the experimental Kalashnikov assault rifle in 1964 over the barrel on the vertical axis is equipped with two rotating inertial element connected to the bolt rods. The gas chamber has two pipes to which the ends of the adjacent rotating parts. Under the action resulting from the firing of the powder gases elements spinning in the opposite side, facing the last point and that, except for hitting the bolt into the receiver back in the last and final frontal positions. This increases stability when firing guns — and the means and accuracy. Immediately reducing stroke bolt increased rate of fire.
The Kalashnikov assault rifle in 1964 was experienced, search engine design.
The performance properties of the Kalashnikov assault rifle in 1964
Cartridge — 7,62 x39
Weight unloaded — 3.3 kg
Overall length without bayonet — 860 mm
Barrel length — 415 mm
Effective range — 1000m
Rate of fire — 880 rounds / min
Magazine capacity — 30 rounds
Double-barreled automatic 80.002 (Our Fatherland)
In 1966, during the start of work on the Russian machine gun under the 5.45 × 39 mm cartridge, the engineer organization "mailbox" 7 (and then the world-recognized TSNIITOCHMASH) Viktor S. Yakuschev identified the need for a proposal for the creation of a small-bore double-barreled machine cartridge in 1966-67 it's, in collaboration with well-known Russian designers SG Simonov, VV Simonov and young, while spices IM Berezkin and PA Tkachev, was developed by an experienced 5.45 mm double-barreled automatic AO-38. But while a number of circumstances subsequent work on this machine have decided not to continue. Still, the idea of the double-barreled guns, but in a different guise returned early 70's.
In 1973, when he was respectable engineer and creator of the theory of dynamic stability of automatic small tools and different ways of its evaluation, the creator of the idea of the method of improving the stability of the Kalashnikov assault rifle by installing a muzzle brake-compensator and a number of other special operations, BC Yakuschev proved the necessity of the creation of the standard 5 45-mm/12 ,7-mm multi-barreled machine guns personal fighter (machine-launcher). During the years 1975-79 to them, together with JV Love, set VI Chelikinym and GA Yanov, was designed and created by experienced such reference tools, get the index of 80,002, and experienced ammunition.
Structurally-automatic grenade launcher 80,002 performed as Spark 2-adjacent barrels — 5.45 mm on the right and 12.7 mm on the left. Shops at 30 (upgraded from AK74), and 10 rounds are placed in front of the trigger guard. The gun has a single trigger mechanism. Along with the standard 5.45mm cartridge 7N6 it was used, and a new 12.7-mm cartridge with a bullet (grenade) overestimated the effectiveness of the act.
Automation tools based on the use of the energy of powder gases discharged from the bore, and provides alternate firing or 5.45 mm bore single or automatic fire, self-loading or firing of 12.7-mm bore. Bolt carrier had a single shutter assembly and two pistons with rods made independently of each other, and one revertible spring, because the thickness of the receiver has doubled. In fact, for such a design scheme, in the late 90s, was made one of the prototypes made by programmke OICW.
In addition to the 12.7-mm ammunition for firing a machine gun provided for the introduction of various over-caliber rifle grenades, worn before firing at muzzle brake compensator 5.45mm barrel and fires off with live ammunition.
Ballistic properties 5.45mm "Channel" are the same as in the machine AK74. But the stability of the new reference when shooting higher than that of the regular AK74. Specially-designed 12.7-mm cartridge and over-caliber grenade provide defeated group and single targets in the means of personal body armor.
The sighting device consisted of a public sector sight, calculated at a distance of up to 1000 m, and flies in namushnike. In this case, in order to keep firing both barrels, the sights had to be moved to the centerline of the gun — sight was located in the center of the aiming pads, and the front sight base had to bend to the left. Meal produced from 2-separate box magazine: 5.45 mm — capacity of 30 rounds, 12.7mm — 10 rounds.
Some external similarities grenade machine-gun with the famous 80,002 Kalashnikov explains the eagerness of designers only use the tools available parts, reducing the cost of development.
On this day, it is clear that the work on the study and completion of 80,002 machine-grenade launcher and ammunition lasted until the early 90's. This standard has become an experimental tool: it perfected various solutions. In the process of its creation the designers were able to obtain the necessary in such cases, knowledge and experience.
The performance properties of the machine-grenade 80,002
Weight without magazine, kg 4.9
Sighting range, m 1000
Magazine capacity, pcs. cartridges
5.45 mm — 30
12.7 mm — 10
An experienced sniper rifle Kalashnikov 1959 (Our Fatherland)
Samples swap shopping semi-automatic sniper rifle made in the USSR and the other day majestically Russian War (semi-automatic sniper version of CBT-40, which withdrew from the production in October 1942) and soon after, but remained in service, the magazine rifle obr.1891/30 Once again, the work on the substitution of its semi-automatic chambered 7,62 x54R began in 1958 in the light shows year Main Missile and Artillery Directorate (Grau) of the Ministry of Defence announced a competition to create a semi-automatic sniper rifle. Their options presented several designers, including E.F.Dragunova, AS, Konstantinova, S.G.Simonova. Experienced semi-automatic sniper rifle variant was introduced in 1959 and the design team of MT Kalashnikov.
Kalashnikov rifle in 1959, as in general, and the Dragunov rifle, carrying a Kalashnikov assault rifle features (automatic gas engine, locking the barrel rotating bolt), but with some significant differences. Namely, the gas piston, combined with the rod, had a small stroke and was not connected to the bolt.
Automation was based on the withdrawal of gases from the barrel, barrel locking is done by turning the bolt. Fuse-translator of shooting modes available on the right side of the receiver. Meals — from the removable box magazine sector form 10 rounds. A small receiver cover and the slots in the front of the bolt allowed to equip the attached shop out of the cage. The receiver has left bracket for mounting optical sights. Kalashnikov rifle in 1959 had a split-box, which included a wood stock, forearm and hand guard. Butt had a semi-pistol ledge neck and palm on the left side of the cheek.
Kalashnikov rifles in 1959 did not meet the requirements for accuracy of fire and remained opytneyshemi. The main contenders were Izhevsk rifle designer E.F.Dragunova (previously participated in the formulation of the production of AK at the Izhevsk Machine-Building Plant) and Kovrovskogo designer A.S.Konstantinova. After lengthy testing and dovodok in 1963, was adopted Dragunov sniper rifle (SVD).
The performance properties of a sniper rifle Kalashnikov 1959
Cartridge — 7,62 x54R (arr. 1908)
Weight, unloaded and optical sight — 4,226 kg
Overall length — 1,155 mm
Barrel length — 600 mm
Effective range — 700 m
Magazine capacity — 10 rounds
Experienced machine gun Kalashnikov 1943 (Our Fatherland)
In a rather large pre-war programmke new infantry weapons of the Red Army did not provide for the modernization of the light machine gun. The experience of war has not claimed a major revision of the rules of combat introduction of a light machine gun, but the service and operational requirements have changed. Become more trivial necessity of creation of small-sized and easy reference without loss of ballistic characteristics. Activated work on two fronts — has long been overdue modernization of machine gun DP and a new light machine gun, which would be serviced and transferred along with ammunition a fighter.
Management of small arms GAC has developed requirements for a new normal-caliber machine gun (7.62 mm) and in 1942, almost immediately with contests for lightweight submachine gun and a machine gun, a competition for the development of 7.62-mm machine gun weighing less than 7.5 kg. With all of this for the machine gun was set very strict regime of fire — up to 500 shots without cooling the barrel, military rate — more than 100 rounds / min.
6-21 July 1942 were proving ground tests experienced machine guns, designed in KB VA Degtyarev, to develop S.V.Vladimirova, S.G.Simonova, P.M.Goryunova and novice designers, the set of which was that MT Kalashnikov.
After he was rejected by his sub-machine gun, Kalashnikov decided to bring them to make come true machine gun, why he was sent to the Central Asian Military District. Was issued a corresponding task GAC. Inventions Department of the People's Commissariat of Defense funded. District allocated to help the inventor of several skilled workers. For two and a half months was 5 or 6 copies of the Kalashnikov machine gun mod. 1943
The best results are in the process of testing showed NIPSVO experienced gun Simon RPS-6, but he, like standards and Degtyareva Kalashnikov received a list of comments on the revision. Competition in the end did not give the applicable standard. More successful were the work to modernize the DP, and in October 1944, has been adopted modernized DPM.
Yet most experienced machine gun Kalashnikov in 1943 is undeniable enthusiasm and as an example of early works of the famous arms designer then, as a variant approach to the subject of lightweight machine gun as part of a massive rifle cartridge. It must be admitted that the task before the designers faced a complex and cooperate demands to reduce the size and weight of the machine gun with a fairly massive rifle cartridge while ensuring the highest reliability was hard. A new standard had to be sverhtehnologichnym, calculated on the total creation.
Kalashnikov chosen scheme with magazine-fed automatic and sliding engine — based on the recoil barrel with a small stroke (seasoned guns other designers had a gas engine automatics). The barrel is locked performed rocker arm (wedge) in the receiver, propped up the shutter, the lever position was determined by reacting it with a motionless figure window cams.
* 43rd year. Before the emergence of Schmeiser whole year.
The trigger mechanism allows only automatic fire. The firing mechanism worked striker type of back-and-mainspring mounted at the rear of the box. Drummer cocked after locking the barrel bolt moving in a frontal position. Flag opt-in fuse was located on the left side. In addition, there was a circuit breaker as a lever (avtoopuska) mounted in the bolt and hold the hammer in the cocked position until the arrival of the mobile systems in recent frontal position. Gun box with a perforated barrel shroud is pivotally connected to the trigger box.
Meals Kalashnikov machine gun in 1943 — from the box store sector-shaped, inserted from below into the neck of the trigger box. Apparently, not to cling body shop primer when shooting with a bipod, magazine capacity is limited to 15 rounds, which can be attributed to the shortc
omings of the system. Sights included the rocker pillar at 5 units range from 200 to 900 m and a fly with a fuse. Length of the sighting band — 670 mm. Machine gun Kalashnikov in 1943 had a flash suppressor, a handle for carrying. Stock — folded forward and down with a folding shoulder rest. Pressed swivel bipod had cutouts for relief.
At that time — in the first half of 1944, held a Kalashnikov at the landfill another job "machine gun" theme — developed a device to the heavy machine gun SG-43 for firing blank ammunition.
The performance properties of the Kalashnikov machine gun in 1943
Cartridge — 7,62 x54R (obr.1908 city)
Weight unloaded — 7,555 kg
Length with unfolded butt — 1210 mm
Length with folded butt — 977 mm
Barrel length — 600 mm
Effective range — 900 m
Magazine capacity — 15 rounds
Kalashnikov submachine gun in 1942 (Our Fatherland)
At the end of 1942 MT Kalashnikov Artkomitet submit to the proposal for a new submachine gun with delayed locking and independent impact mechanism for regular pistol cartridge TT (proposal was recorded in the number of 7743 08/02/1943 D). It was the second model, and the first reference made several previously used on the principle of free automatic gate. By creating a sub-machine gun with blowback, MT Kalashnikov sought to create a light, agile automatic cannon. The standard had to excel in their fighting qualities of sub-machine guns have already taken on board. This led to the introduction of blowback, which could allow a reduction in the mass of instruments and provide a relatively low rate of fire.
Kalashnikov submachine gun has an iron folding stock, folding down sector magazine for 30 rounds of ammunition and the pistol handle. Front of the store put pen to his left hand. Barrel protected housing. Handles are made of wood. The standard was developed under the standard pistol cartridge 1930 TT 7, 62×25 mm, provided the sighting range of 500 m, has a total length of 750 mm (stock folded — 535 mm) with a barrel length — 250 mm, weight of machine pistol with empty magazine — 2.8 kg (according to other sources — 2.9 kg), the magazine capacity — 30 rounds.
Fascinating is not quite ordinary for submachine guns automatic delayed blowback. After the shot the skeleton of the gate under the impact moves back and moves the clutch connected to the backbone of the gate on a rectangular thread. Coupling with the core of the gate, moving backwards, screwed motionless on a special tube that is attached to the end of the receiver and complex motion (translational + rotational). In the process of shooting sleeve, moving steadily and rotating the spiral tube compresses revertible mainspring in and out of the core bolt. The consequence of this complex motion of joints, due to friction clutch motionless on a spiral tube and an inner threaded portion of the shutter is to reduce the rollback speed.
Trigger Kalashnikov submachine gun allows single and automatic fire, and was equipped with independent drummer. In the process of shooting, when you roll back the moving recently back position clutch delayed the drummer about 14 mm, and sear in seclusion by the spring goes down and it became against cocking hammer. When the moving reel clutch drums came from the coronet to 12 mm, and drummer stayed on the sear.
The trigger mechanism is simple in construction. When you press the trigger with the transmission lever system he lifted up the sear and releases the hammer, which is under the influence of revertible mainspring pins the capsule holder. With automatic firing sear in position of the shutter in the latest frontal position is recessed lever trigger, and the shot came. Translator fire lever type, placed on the left side of the trigger frame, immediately makes the safety function, locking the trigger. Front end of the barrel jacket serves as a brake compensator.
Original design was ramrod with rubbing, which is in the form of three telescopic tubes on the thread, folded, the cleaning rod screwed into the pistol handle.
Examination of Inventions Artkomiteta GAU USSR conducted a painstaking analysis of the design of the Kalashnikov submachine gun and exposed his firing tests. It was noted that the originality of the design. But "… creator failed to achieve a significant reduction rate of fire and increased accuracy … "(compared with pistols, machine guns, were in service of the Red Army). Although Kalashnikov submachine gun had small weight and dimensions, it has not been adopted for the "… because of its production difficulties that were significant drawback for such weapons of mass like a submachine gun. "
A prototype submachine gun Kalashnikov deposited in the collection of the Military Historical Museum of Artillery, Engineers and Signal Corps.
The performance properties of the Kalashnikov submachine gun
Weight, kg: 2.9 / 3,233
Length, mm: 750/535
Barrel length: 250
Cartridge: 7,62 x25 mm TT
Caliber, mm: 7.62
Working arrangements: blowback on promoting 2-helical pairs
Rate of fire, rds / min: 824
Sighting range, m: 500
Feed system: Sector magazine for 30 rounds
Apart from these samples are:
Experienced Kalashnikov rifle 1952 number 1 (Our Fatherland)
Experienced Kalashnikov rifle in 1944 (Our Fatherland)
Experienced Kalashnikov AK-1946 46 (Our Fatherland)
Seasoned Kalashnikovs PP-1 and A1-75