Unknown page and forgotten facts majestic feat Gagarin

Unknown pages and forgotten facts of the great feat of GagarinIt is unlikely that those who are approaching the age of 60 or over the years, do not remember how they first heard about Gagarin's flight. I personally heard about it on the way to the military of the Frunze Academy. Suddenly spoke up one of the loudspeakers, which appears to have been set at a day in advance on the main streets of Moscow. Yuri Levitan festive tone coined: "April 12, 1961 in the Russian Union launched into orbit around the Earth the first in the world gallaktichesky ship-to-satellite" Vostok "with a man on board."

Levitan further reported: "Pilot-Astronaut gallakticheskogo ship-satellite" East "is a citizen of the Russian Union of Socialist Republics pilot, Major Yuri Gagarin."

Last Post was not news to me. Although I did not have to gallakticheskim cases no work, and everything related to space exploration and astronaut, was kept a closely guarded secret, no matter what system of puzzles has its slit, often unannounced. Leak same disk imaging through such gaps can go very far. One of these leaks disk imaging have gained the Frunze Military Academy, where from mid-January to 12 April 1961 I was on tour with the military translators. At the end of March, one of the participants fees ran into the audience with the words: "And I know the name of the first astronaut, this is — Yuri Gagarin!" It turned out our companion during study time to make the acquaintance of the Academy in the typing pool. One of the typists also was friends with his own staff from the Ministry of Defence, which published a ministerial order on awarding Senior Lieutenant Yuri Gagarin extraordinary rank of major. Maid of the discussion is in the leadership of the Ministry decided that the first astronaut must own a decent military rank than a lieutenant. In a matter of Minutka this news was shared by all her friends typists and those divulged the secret to your friends.

And those Russian people who previously did not know the name and surname of the world's first astronaut, has long had hoped to hear a similar message TASS. By the time it was expected and many people abroad. This four and a half years back in October 1957 launch of the first Russian satellite was a complete surprise for the planet. My friend Yankees said that after learning about the launch of Russian satellite, he could not for a long time to recover and stupid was sitting on the site of a couple of hours. After all, a message of triumph of the Russian gallakticheskom destroyed all its stable view of the world. Like all Americans, he was sure that nobody in the world will overtake the U.S. launch of the first artificial satellite of the Earth, which was announced by President D.Eyzenhuaerom in 1955.

How the West evaluate our progress in the development of science and technology

Despite the clear evidence of scientific and technical progress of the USSR, the Americans did not believe that our country is able to outrun them. This was a consequence of the strongly held beliefs about the purchased inability of our country to scientific and technical progress. First, the 30-ies in the United States did not believe in the validity of the data on the achievements of the first Russian Five Year Plan.

In its own report on the joint plenum of the Central Committee and the Central Control Commission of the CPSU (b), 7 January 1933, Stalin led the expression of the American newspaper "New-york Times", published at the end of November 1932: "The five-year industrial plan, aims to make defy the sense of proportion, tending to his own purpose "regardless of the cost," as often proudly boasted Moscow, is in reality a plan. This is — speculation. "

In the same passage from an article by Stalin's South American magazine "Karrent histori" stated: "Review of the present state of affairs in Russia, so Makarov, leads to the conclusion that the five-year programm failed, both in terms of the stated goals, and even more thoroughly with regard to its main social principles. "

Ignorance and prejudice, as usual, bear false assessments and other countries. Although the number of persons in the 3rd Reich Hitler asserted that the Russian Alliance is rapidly making a strong industry and a formidable military force, the Fuhrer ignore these messages. The last German armaments minister Albert Speer recalled that Hitler ridiculed the calculations chief of the General Staff of the German economy, General George Thomas, showing the highest military potential of the Russian Union. He rejected the evidence and Research Department, Foreign Armies East of the General Staff of the Army. According to Guderian, Hitler referred to this data "worst bluff since Genghis Khan." But when some German soldiers, who were on the Soviet-German border in 1940, told Hitler that the Russian military equipment is primitive, Hitler began to repeat that in comparison with the campaign in the West, the war in the East will be like kids in a fuss sandbox.

However, the life led Hitler and his generals had to reckon with the successes of Russian defense industry. Already at first war German troops faced with a number of samples of Russian military hardware beyond their weapons. Recently the war in the Soviet Union were made rocket mortar BM-13, named after "Katyusha". When the war was built and the first standard armored attack IL-2, which had no parallel in the world of aviation. Made before the war and the heavy tank KV medium tank T-34 were superior in quality armored vehicles zabugornyh armies.

German General H. Guderian wrote that even first campaign on the Soviet-German front in Germany were made to make the sample analogue of the T-34. General recalled: "Proposal military officers vtochnosti produce the same tanks as the T-34, to correct in the shortest period of very disadvantaged position of German armor designers have not met any support. Constructors confused, incidentally, does not disgust to imitate, and the impossibility of the issue with due speed critical parts of T-34, especially dural diesel engine. Besides, our alloy steel … stainless steel and inferior Russian. " But at the end of 1927, the People's Commissar of Defense of the USSR Voroshilov reported delegates XV Congress of the Party, "Al, this is the right metal for the military, we are at a completely do not produce." Did not make our country at this time and alloy steel.

Faced with the advantages of Russian military equipment, Hitler was obliged to take her standards to follow. Another first 30s in the USSR was created by the most rapid-aircraft machine gun in the world — ShKAS (Shpitalniy Komaritskii Aviation rapid-firing).

BG Shpitalnaya wrote: "When our gallant troops who took Berlin by storm, broke into the office of the Third Reich, the middle of countless trophies captured in office, was at first glance an unusual kind of standard tools, carefully covered with a glass cover, and paper with the personal signature of Hitler. arrived to inspect the experts at this standard was surprised to find under glass Tula aviapulemet ShKAS 7.62 mm and was with him a personal order of Hitler, which read that the Tula gun will stay in office until such time as the German experts at not create such a machine gun for the Nazi air. This, as you know, the Nazis did not manage to do that. "

Desperate to get out of Germany is a sturdy instrument, the German fighters used Russian weapon if it fell into their hands. Going to the most northern s
ection of the front at the end of 1943, Speer had heard from soldiers and officers' complaints about the lack of light weapons. Specifically they did not have machines. Fighters had to rely on Russian Machines, which they sometimes seized as booty " .

It would seem that the Germans on the Russian front, learned to respect the gun. But the cries of Goebbels coming to Berlin "feral Tatar hordes" of armed Anglo-American military technology to have an impact on the civilian population of the Reich. Despite the defeat of the Nazi forces notion of "backwardness" Russian art saved. Sharing the freshest impressions on the capture of Berlin, war correspondent P. Troyanovskiy wrote: "The more adventurous and inquisitive Berliners came to the tremendous grayish weary Russian tanks and asked:" From America? "Tankers, not without pleasure," No, it's from Russia, the Urals " . Germans shook their heads and turned to the artillery: "English?" Commander gun, which dragged the two heavy tractor "Stalinist" from head to toe examined by the Germans and strictly stated: "We are such beauties Ural sends."

The results of the war have proved impressive dignity Russian economy, including defense. In his own speech, February 9, 1946, Stalin zabugornye ridiculed the notion that the Soviet Union — a "house of cards", "giant with feet of clay", and his successes — it's only the "tricks of the Cheka."

And yet in the public consciousness of the West was firmly rooted idea that Reddish Army won, using the Anglo-American military aid, and German troops were pulling back the mountains of corpses. The fact that the supply of guns on lend-lease accounted for a very small part of Russian weapons, and the loss of German troops only nekordinalno superior Russian loss, the West did not know. Do not know this at the moment and many of our fellow citizens, brought up on a pro-Western propaganda of modern Russian media.

Even after the creation of the USSR atomic and hydrogen bombs in the West did not believe that these achievements Russian defense industry was the result of, first, the efforts of our scientists, technicians and workers. In the West believed that the gun was simply stolen Russian spies. That's why the signals sent from space the first Russian satellite, was a shock to public opinion in the West.

At the same time, the U.S. is taking a sample downplay the significance of the satellite launch. One of the congressmen said that the satellite — is, they say, just a piece of iron, abandoned in space, and does not represent anything special.

Competition in space

It is true that in the U.S. there were sober people who realized that the need to closely learn why Russian Yankees ahead in space exploration. Someone in the United States rightly decided that a significant role in the success of the Russian played the role of the education system. In the Soviet Union rushed a delegation of American educators who have tried to understand how the Russian school that students are studying Russian.

On the cover of the magazine "Life" were placed two photos of 'first disciples "2-schools — Russian and American. South American boy, which gained popularity in their own school in sports battles, usually the photographer smiled a broad grin and looked like a star. Russian boy was an excellent school. He was in a shabby fur cap and the habit of squinting camera flash. From the contents of a larger article indicated that, although the Yankees was a popular young beautiful girls in the middle school, he knew only the bare minimum of what was clear to every Russian schoolchild, and far behind the Russian honors studies, shown on the cover.

The consequence of these comparisons are not in favor of the U.S. actions were aimed at the development of the American education system. But, without waiting for the lasting effects of these measures, the Americans began to multiply its efforts to develop gallakticheskoy science and technology.

It must be said that by the mid-50's. Americans have progressed a lot in the development of technologies gallakticheskih. Military action in Germany has lasted, and special bodies of U.S. intelligence officers have become catch in the German rear of the German scientists involved in the development of missiles, "V-1" and "V-2". From Germany to the United States was taken manager Rocket Center Third Reich, Wernher von Braun. And soon in the state of New Mexico was created polygon White Sands, which started the development of American missiles.

Already in the late 40's. Wernher von Braun was to conduct experiments on the effects of weightlessness on living organisms. Later, journalist Tim Shawcross in his book "intruders from outer space?" brought many tangible evidence to suggest that the rumors about UFOs and aliens, allegedly found in Rossuelle (New Mexico), were born by experiments with monkeys, which are held at the White Sands test site, located near the air base in Rossuelle. The monkeys were placed in a capsule and guided missiles to great heights. Sometimes the peasants found in these desolate places unusual for their equipment and corpses of monkeys, which an idle rumor turned into corpses Martians.

In the Russian Union for similar experiments using dogs. Already the second Russian satellite launched in a month after the first, in November 1957 was carrying the dog Laika.

Only three months after that action in the United States was launched into orbit the first artificial satellite of the South American. But by its own weight it is significantly slower than 2-Russian who continued to fly over the planet.

Race in space lasted. Launches of Russian rockets to the Moon were often confined to the principal political events. Thus, the launch of the first Russian rocket to the Moon took place before the opening of the XXI Congress of the Communist Party in January 1959. The missile, descended to the moon took place before the official visit of Khrushchev in the United States in the middle of September 1959. Being in a white house, Khrushchev gave a copy of the DA Eyzenhuaeru pennant which Russian missile was delivered to the moon. Soon after the visit of Khrushchev in the United States held a fly-Russian rocket around the moon, which took place in the course of photographing the back, invisible in the world by constant companion of our planet.

And that the Americans did not forget about our achievements, USSR Embassy in Washington, DC on New 1960 sent tyscham prominent U.S. Christmas cards, which depicted three leaf calendar. Any of the leaflets was dedicated to one of the 3 launches Russian rockets to the moon in 1959.

But the Americans did not lose heart. In the newsreel, which was shown in U.S. cinemas in the autumn of 1959, was a story on the preparations for the expedition to the moon. The story ended with jauntily verses:

"And very soon
The Yank will be on the Moon! "
("And very soon, the Yankees will be on the moon!")

But 1960 was marked by the obvious advantages of the Soviet Union in gallakticheskoy race. In May 1960, the other day meeting of the heads of four majestic powers in Paris, the Soviet Union was launched with the layout of the ship gallaktichesky people on board. In August 1960, flew into space two dogs — Belka and Strelka. One day they came back from space unharmed.

However, in December 1960, there was a problem: dogs Fly and Bee were killed together with gallakticheskim ship. But were soon made a successful flight and descents ships with other dogs.

Planetka rejoicing, but not all

Message about the flight of Yuri Gagarin has caused an explosion of joy in the Russian country, sincere and spontaneous. People took to the streets with homemade placards, which was expressed in real ecstasy over this action. These feelings we
re divided people of different ages and professions. Vice-President of the Academy of the USSR Academy of Lavrentiev wrote in "Pravda", "first manned flight into space is not only a victory bold Russian pilot and societies of engineers, scientists, workers who have created excellent gallaktichesky ship. Naikrupneyshaya It is also a victory of the socialist system , winning the wisest policy of the Communist Party and the Russian government. " Architect E. Vuchetich, said: "The twentieth century — a century Russia, the age of its glory and pride! … We were the first in the world attacked an old world and have gained the victory, opening the way for people to happiness and modern life. We were the first in the world stormed space . " The poet Nikolai Tikhonov wrote: "The magic of the modern era — the day of human space flight has become a fact! World can be proud man with a big bukovkoy, Russian man who, as a new Prometheus, kindled a new flame feat, and this day will never be erased from the memory of people — April 12, 1961! "

From Kaluga Gagarin telegram came from a family of Tsiolkovsky: "Welcome — gallakticheskogo pioneer flight. Zarko congratulate the embodiment of the primordial dream of mankind." Of the Most High Volochek Gagarin welcomed authoritative textile worker Hero of Socialist Labor Valentina Gaganova: "The Magic news on the radio we learned: our dear Russian man, Yuri Gagarin was in space. Yeah is not that magic! Truly great and mighty Russian … Glory to you, comrade Gagarin, I am sending to you a little respect and greetings from our entire team. " Team leader Stalin Collective Farm Mill-Podolsky district, Ternopil region EA Dolinyuk reported: "The news that the Russian pilot Yuri Gagarin on gallakticheskom "Vostok" circled the globe, found me in the field. I am happy and proud to be the first astronaut — my compatriot. "(At that time no one could have, and to think that in a few decades in the western regions of Ukraine idea that the natives of Smolensk and Ternopil region — citizens will be treated as sedition .) Dolinyuk recalled: "It may seem weird, but the first time I saw the train when he was an adult woman. Is it then I could think and dream about what our ordinary Russian people the world's first space mission. Now I think I was 20 years younger. "

These thoughts and feelings shared in almost all countries of the world. A physicist and president of the Global Council of the World John Bernal said: "The supporters of peace in the world applauded the first successful manned space flight, This is a landmark achievement that has tremendous significance in human zaniya mysteries of nature." Dr. Giorgio Piccardi Florence Institute, said: "Achieving a striking, from the standpoint of mechanics, but as a chemist, I find it amazing and from the standpoint of chemistry. Opened a reaction that allows the ship gallakticheskomu develop a suitable speed for the flight … Now, when a person at the meteorite flew in the space surrounding the Earth, our excitement was boundless. Quite given new meaning to our relations with the outer world, nourishing life on Earth. " In a resolution adopted at a meeting of the Paris Communists, said: "In the peaceful competition between socialism and capitalism Russian Alliance brilliantly again showed an advantage of building in which the exploitation of man by man was gone."

The newspapers published the greetings of the heads of state of the world. In his own address to the Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru wrote: "This is a success for the world's population raschudesno truly an achievement for which the science of the world — and especially the Russian science — deserves the highest recognition. This victory of man over nature to force people to think more about how stupid to think of wars in our malehankih planet Earth. 'Cause I believe this success majestic triumph for the cause of peace. "

The President of the United Arab Republic Gamal Abdel Nasser said: "I have no doubt that before the entire population of the earth from that moment the greatest open horizons. Russian people will always belong to the honor of the championship in a bold, mastering the mysteries of the unknown with daring boldness, based on the large capacities of science" .

The Prime Minister of Cuba, Fidel Castro, in his own letter, wrote that "in the face of global admiration Russian Union of" he "received the news of this excellent science camp victory and peace, which is headed for the courageous Russian people, the people, the creator, the people of the Hero."

Despite the cooling in the then Soviet-Chinese relations, April 12, 1961 of the Municipal Committee of the Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai sent a letter to Nikita Khrushchev, in which he wrote: "The stately landmark contribution of Russian science in space exploration again definitely showed an advantage of incomparable socialist system, has significantly strengthened confidence of the Chinese people and the peoples of all other socialist countries in building socialism and communism, and to a large extent inspired the peoples of the world in the struggle against imperialist aggression and for peace in the world, for national independence, democracy and socialism. "

In a national newspaper the CCP "Zhenminzhibao" was posted article "Getting brand new era of space conquest of man." In it, namely, stated: "The amazing rate of progress, the brilliant achievements of Russian science and technology to inspire the hearts of millions of people around the world the greatest satisfaction and inspiration. First in the world of satellite, the first rocket to the moon, the first rocket on the way to Venus, the first ship-to-satellite gallaktichesky have been built and successfully launched Russian people. And now the first man — Russian citizen, who was on board the ship gallakticheskogo, triumphantly returned from a mission in the universe. "

President of the Chinese Academy of Guo Moruo published in "Pravda" verses:
"The ship" Vostok "in gallakticheskoy given
And the sun shines over the universe scarlet.
Sing, rejoice people of the Earth,
The entire planet suddenly became lighter …
So, glory, world population spring,
And to this day, and the feat of daring,
And the power of socialism, which is visible
Distant stars in the depths of the universe. "

While not as sensible, but rather praised Gagarin's flight and heads zabugornyh capitalist states. Prime Minister of the Land of the Rising Sun Hayat Ikeda stated: "Start and landing Russian Union gallakticheskogo ship with a man on board is a great victory for science. World expected that Russian Alliance will make a start once the ship itself and do it first. I wish to express not surprise at this, and pay tribute to the achievement of the majestic Russian Union. " Italian Prime Minister Amintore Fanfani said: "The success, which have gained Russian, makes it even more topical need to carefully discern the full impact of these technical and scientific achievements in science, to public life, to the relationship between states. Competition for the conquest of outer space should be for peaceful competition conquest, the free progress of mankind. "

In the Kremlin were congratulated by many of Governors of the West, in what Gagarin stubbornly called the "astronaut", not "astronaut." The British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan, congratulating Khrushchev "on the occasion of the greatest of success your scientists, technicians and astronauts in the implementation of human space flight," referred to the incident a "historic event." French President Charles de Gaulle wrote that "the success of Russian scientists and cosmonauts does honor to Europe and to the population of the earth".
Greets Khrushchev and U.S. President JF Kennedy. He wrote that "the people of the United States shares the satisfaction of the Union of Russian people in connection with the healthy astronavata flight, which is the first entry into space. Congratulations and Russian scientists and engineers who have made this achievement likely. I express my sincere wish that in the upcoming desire for space zaniyu our countries to work together and achieve the greatest good for the population of the earth. "

Speaking at his own press conference on April 12, the U.S. president declared: "Russian Alliance headed for the fundamental dignity, creating a massive boosters that can lift a lot of weight … I hope that we can make our efforts this year to pay tribute to the attention of human life. But we are falling behind. "

This event has been the focus of many newspapers around the world. West German newspaper "Stuttgarter Zeitung" wrote: "The first round of competition for entry into space, beyond any hesitation, the Russian won thanks to their beautiful achievement on April 12."

But not everyone in the U.S. was willing to concede defeat. April 12, "New-york Times" in one's own article declared that "principal, which country has fulfilled the first manned flight into space." In the other article, the newspaper stated that the first step in the development of gallakticheskogo places have made the United States when they launched in 1949, the German-American hybrid rocket. In the third article said that a man's journey into space "Started 600 thousand years ago, when prehistoric human ancestors stood up on its hind legs."

Some Americans also denied the fact of Gagarin's flight. The publisher of the influential magazine "United States News and World Report," which was listed as the mouthpiece of the Pentagon, a prominent columnist David Lawrence wrote that in fact the Russian satellite launched everyday with a tape recorder, which were previously recorded discussions. Lawrence persisted in their own unbelief, and even after the flight of German Titov in August 1961 continued to talk about recorders, flying in the Russian gallakticheskih ships.

In these days of precise indications of U.S. President JF Kennedy, South American industry gallakticheskaya been making frantic efforts to catch up with the Soviet Union, or at least to weaken the effect of the flight of Yuri Gagarin. Less than a month after Gagarin's return to earth as May 5, 1961 in the U.S. was produced so called sub-orbital flight. The pilot Alan Shepard, who was in a capsule, "Freedom 7", was raised a rocket from Cape Canaveral to the height of 185 km and 556 km proparhal, drive to the Atlantic Ocean. Exaggerating the importance of this action, the Americans declared it their "first gallakticheskim flight."

Two months later, on July 21 with superfluous Americans repeated suborbital flight. At this time, the pilot flew Virgil Grissom. But this time, the capsule could not be removed from time to water. Immediately after the splashdown of the capsule was filled with water and Grissom just managed to jump out of it. Cosmonaut was picked up by helicopter in the ocean.

Only a few months after the day's flight Titov was launched in the U.S. gallakticheskogo ship "Frendship-7" with astronaut John Glenn on board. This flight was delayed 10 times within 2 months. But he held on February 20, 1962 and Glenn orbited the Earth three times.

Notwithstanding this mission in the world grows stronger conviction that the U.S. is lagging behind the Soviet Union in manned flight around the space. The belief in the omnipotence of science and technology the U.S. has receded, and the prestige of the Soviet Union has grown markedly.

"Know what it was a guy!"

In addition to the recognition of scientific and technological achievements of the USSR after the flight of the "East" on April 12, the world vyznat Russian man who for the first time in the world left the earth and overcome Earth's gravity. Yet before Gagarin was awarded Gold Medal of the Hero of the Union of Russian, he became the hero of Russian country. April 14, 1961 the capital of the USSR gratifying met first astronaut planet. Then for the first time heard the words of the report of the astronaut who later repeated more than once to the extent that his comrades on the force Gagarin Astronaut vorachivalis from their own operations, "I am glad to report that the task of the Central Committee of the Communist Party and the Russian government holds … All instruments and equipment ship worked perfectly true. feels great. Willing to perform a new job at least some of our party and the government. "

On the streets of Moscow, hundreds of thousands of people gathered to greet the hero. The flow of people walking on Red Square to behold and to welcome Yuri Gagarin, who was standing on the Mausoleum of Lenin seemed to be endless. Gagarin answered the audience's own affable grin, which has become inseparable from his view.

The whole country is watching and listening to the faithful performance of the offspring of the Russian people, worthy member of the Communist Party of the Russian Union. Gagarin was: "the first plane, the first satellite, the first ship and gallaktichesky first gallaktichesky flight — that's the way the huge stages of my homeland to master the mysteries of nature. For this purpose, our people and led confidently leads our native Communist Party ". Even this non-long speech astronaut number one, it was clear both in his personal life affected the fate of the Russian country. He emphasized: "At every step of his life and studying in a vocational school, a commercial college, at the flying club, aviation school, I felt a constant concern of the Party, of which I am the offspring."

Their answers at a press conference held at the House of Scientists in Moscow, Yuri Gagarin struck taste the taste of journalistic audience. Answering a question, he said that did not take to flight no mascots, no family photos, because I was sure that rapidly and safely returned to Earth. Responding to a question about his own earnings, with a merry grin, he said: "The salary I, like all Russian people, fully sufficient to meet all my needs. I was awarded the title of Hero of the Russian Union. This is the highest achievement in our country." Responding to a question Hispanic correspondent, looks like from space mainland of South America, Gagarin replied: "It is very lovely." Then the astronaut did not know that he would have to go on it, as other continents of the Earth.

France and the United Kingdom, Poland and Czechoslovakia, Japan, Liberia, Brazil and Cuba, also 10's of other states with ecstasy was first astronaut planet. Again and again he gave speeches and answered questions from journalists and as usual was resourceful. Once in the land of the rising sun, he bought the dolls for their own daughters, he was at the press conference were asked: "Neuzh then in the Soviet Union are not toys, so buy them for your daughters?" As usual with a grin, Gagarin said, "I always give gifts to my daughters. I really wanted to do it now surprise: to bring Japanese dolls. Very sorry that you are talking about my purchase. Tomorrow will write about it in the newspapers and maybe even It became clear in Moscow. Surprise will not. satisfaction you spoiled little two best girls. "

For external appeal was hiding innermost mind, the highest moral qualities, comprehensively developed person. This becomes even clearer when you get acquainted with the contents of the book "Psychology and Space," written by Yuri Gagarin, together with the candidate medical sciences VI Lebedev. The book contains a lot of Gagarin's personal observations of the behavior of the pilot, astronaut training and e
xperience of human presence in space.

At the end of the book emphasized what the highest demands are placed Russian science to astronauts, "Since space exploration is only by society dobivshemusya highest development of science and technology, and all gallakticheskaya equipment and machinery is a concentrated expression of scientific and technological achievements of the society, the astronaut must be at the level of achievement. almost everything he has to know and be able to almost everything. Be in the know of the latest scientific discoveries and know what is being done now in advanced laboratories and design bureaus, research institutes and factories. Only rounded education will open the way to space! "

"Seize the heights of science in our days are fairly easy. Astronauts have to learn arithmetic and physics, astronomy and cybernetics, radio engineering and electronics, mechanics and metallurgy, chemistry, biology, psychology and physiology. To sustain this burden, along with the capability to hold and excellent health . only on the physical level, strong body is able to cope with the programs prepare astronauts for the flight and the flight itself. Just man with well-trained body, strong nerves and steady mentality will be able to successfully withstand all the tests faced by the person who has decided to become an astronaut. To conquer the space only strong people. "

"To possess extraordinary abilities and good physical data astronaut is very necessary. And yet this is still not enough. Needed more assertive in achieving goals, perseverance, selfless devotion to the chosen work and love for him. Only these traits temper posodeystvuyut on a physical level and a strong highly educated man to be an astronaut! "

Do I need to state that Yuri Gagarin fully meet those highest demands of such a nature. For many people in the world Gagarin became the epitome of Russian country. Socialism has found yet another vivid human face and that was the first person kosmonavata USSR — Yuri Gagarin.

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