In the middle of the last century explorers Russian Union military ordered a special vehicle — an underwater mine-layer security. Assigned to work on the project CDB-18, and in 1956 began work on the design of the underwater mine layer.
Due to the heavy load of CDB-18 on the design of missile submarines, the submarine project, willingness to around 40 percent, transmit collective CDB-16.
Based on the requirements of the project, the submarine was to have a diesel engine and contain special arms for about 90 minutes, "PLB-6", specially designed for submarines, also had the opportunity to be a frisky minelayer conversion into transport submarine to transport people and transportation of oil, fuel, and water. Storage of special weapons carried by the revolutionary technology, the location of mines between compartments.
By the end of 1958, a draft of the underwater minelayer "632" was adopted by the State Commission, but in the seven-year shipbuilding plan which began in December 1958, the project was not included, but included a submarine project "648." All work after the approval of the seven-year plan for the project was stopped mine layer, and finally stopped. Of the main causes of non-realization of the project, a great price and the batteries that powered submarine of the "648" could fulfill all the tasks addressed by the project "632" and apart from this could do besides other tasks underwater transport.
1 — placing the torpedo compartment guns, 2 — bay for BATTERY 3 — compartment personnel, 4 — CPU, 5 — bay accommodation mine arms, 6 — storage racks min;
7 — diesel compartment, 8 — trumpet acceptance and rejection of minutes, 9 — electromachine compartment, 10 — aft compartment
The main features:
— displacement of 3.2 thousand tons;
— length of 85 meters;
— width of 10 meters;
— depth of 300 meters;
— endurance 80 days;
— 90 man crew of the submarine;
— average speed of 15 knots;
— one month duration of the voyage;
— mines about 90 pieces;
— mine units 4 units;
— 4 TA-caliber 533 mm;
— 4 TA-caliber 400 mm.
— people up to 100 people;
— ammunition, supplies, food and 120 tons;
— fuel and 130 tons.
Missile boat scuba dive "Dolphin"
The idea of the creation of such a unique project gave the first secretary of the CPSU Central Committee Nikita Khrushchev. During his stay in Sevastopol and inspection of the naval base, Khrushchev saw standing next missile boats and submarines and suggested to create a submersible submarine in the application of enemy nuclear weapons. Just as the idea itself has filed the first secretary of the project, so not compatible for claims stubbornly continued to be developed.
The project, the number "1231", tasked to develop CDB-19, for the development and construction of prototypes he passed the town of Leningrad Naval Shipyard. Specifically, it was the combination of CDB-19 and Leningrad CDB-5 in the upcoming CCB "Diamond".
Development of a unique ship was conducted with bolshennymi difficulties is to see that the major development made katernogo Bureau, who had to learn on the fly design submarines. Bind together a surface ship and submarine was hard doable occupation and the designers had to show the wonders of ingenuity and simplicity.
In accordance with the terms of reference, acquired from the Navy Department of the Union of Russian project "1231" had to be used for the rapid application of missile strikes on enemy transportation on water in a location close to the main enemy bases. Rocket ships were to arrive in the area and stay in it submerged and wait for approaching enemy surface forces. With sufficient approach of the enemy rocket ships, surfacing, went the distance missile strike, then left at high speed in a submerged or surfaced.
Design work on the extraordinary ship first began in 1959 and ended with the departure of Nikita Khrushchev's leading political positions in 1964. No one is certain at this point can not say what the outcome would be working on the construction of immersive rocket ship, do not go away with Nikita Khrushchev as First Secretary of the Communist Party.
The main features:
— Surface speed of 38 knots;
— underwater speed of 4 knots;
— crew of 12 people;
— four cruise missile complex "P-25";
— Approximate price in 1960 — 40 million rubles;
Amphibious transport boat of the "717"
By 1962, the South American submarine fleet makes a breakthrough in the construction of nuclear submarines. Russian Alliance is trying urgently to catch up and overtake the main rival in the atomic shipbuilding.
To qualify as a favorite Russian Alliance begins designing huge submarines for various purposes. In 1967, KB "Malachite" is the terms of reference of the Navy Department for the design of the submarine to transport up to 1,000 troops and 10 ka armored vehicles for combat missions.
CB "Malachite" already had experience developing large submarines of the "664" and the project "748."
If nuclear-powered ship was built, it would become the largest submarines ever. Displacement 18 thousand tons, with a height of 5-storey house, which is equal to the length of the 2nd football fields — a real giant underwater intended to transport Marine Regiment and various weapons and supplies to these areas for planting terrain to the enemy on the ground.
In accordance with the project, the submarine hull was made of 2 cylinders. In the central compartment of the values located personnel boats and amphibious units of more than one thousand people. Along the edges of the boat in the bays bottom mines were located in an amount up to 400 units, the alignment of which is estimated could lock up the entire composition in Norfolk United States Sixth Fleet. By 1969, work on the design of the boat of the "717" was finished.
But by the time the Russian Union urgently needed submarines with ballistic missiles to the merits of military parity with the United States, all the forces of the CDB and the shipyards were thrown on the development and construction of nuclear submarines with nuclear wea
pons. All work on the sea leviathan was suspended and eventually stopped.
The main properties of the "717":
— width of 23 meters;
— depth of 300 meters;
— speed of 18 knots;
— the duration of autonomous navigation of 2.5 months;
— 6 torpedo tubes;
— 18 anti-submarine missiles;
— 2 artillery unit;
— Marine Regiment with 4 BTR-60;
— Marine battalion with 20 armored vehicles.
The "667M" — nuclear submarine "Andromeda"
First 80 years of the United States are beginning to emerge nuclear submarines with missiles "Tomahawk" capable of hitting a target at a distance of 2.5 thousand kilometers. In the Russian Union of KB them. Chelomeya after urgently developing complex "Meteor-M". A cruise missile complex "ZM25" in high performance superior to the South American equivalent "Tomahawk" and had a purpose — destruction of ground targets and enemy targets.
Specifically, under this missile system began design work on the refurbishment of the submarine project "667A", which stood in the Navy of the USSR in late 1970. The works were carried out on 82 '85 at Severodvinsk. There was absolutely replaced missile compartment, compartment housed in a new 12 missiles of "Meteor-M".
Underwater ship gets a new designation "667M" No. "K-420", the Americans have dubbed it «Yankee-sidecar». At the end of 1983 comes to the Northern Fleet, and after 30 days of fighting begin tests missile system. Rockets not only just went into the goal, and surpassed all the declared characteristics, there was no damage and accidents.
In 1989, after the conversion of the project is closed. Rockets shoot, and is used as a submarine torpedo submarine. In 1993, the boat put on a long storage.
The main properties of the "Andromeda":
— displacement of 7.7 thousand tons;
— length of 130 meters;
— width of 12 meters;
— draft 8.7 m;
— depth of 320 meters;
— speed 27 knots;
— crew of 120 men;
— RK "Meteor-M", 12 rockets ammunition;
— TA-caliber 533 mm;
— control system of Kazakhstan "Andromeda".
Underwater barges and tankers
In 80 years the idea has become topical underwater barges and tankers. In the confrontation between Iran and Iraq in just 2 years was destroyed about 300 different ships and transports petroleum.
Western countries and the Russian Alliance force to guard mc, and because in the USSR, CB "Malachite", beginning to materialize the project nuclear submarine transport destination.
By the beginning of 1990 were one hundred percent ready projects tankers and barges, cargo capacity of up to 30 thousand tons. But because of the change of political system, the collapse of the Soviet Union in the individual countries, projects underwater supertransportnikov have not been implemented.
Vorachivatsya to the idea of heavy submarine started now because of the aggravated cases of maritime terrorism.
Underwater vehicles will be able to deliver more cargo to a depth of 100 meters at a speed of up to 19 knots. The team of similar transport will be about 35 people.