6. Results of the test of RDS-1
The political, military, industrial, and scientific management of the program the first Soviet atomic bomb was satisfied with the results of her test.
The first Soviet nuclear bomb was developed and successfully tested.
Was obtained by direct experimental information about the exceptional effects of exposure to nuclear bomb explosion created by elements of military equipment and industrial installations. There was a practical basis to account for the possible use of nuclear weapons in military operations.
Was confirmed the correctness of the developed system of ideas about the features of nuclear weapons and open the possibility for further development of nuclear weapons.
Was confirmed the reliability of the information embedded in the implementation of the Soviet atomic project.
USSR became the owner of nuclear weapons technology and was able to expand its industrial production.
The main purpose of the test was to confirm the correctness of the chosen experimental nuclear weapons technology. Particular emphasis was placed on ensuring that the first explosion was verified copy of the U.S. atomic bomb. This approach allowed:
— To the maximum extent to reduce the risk of failure in the first experiment (which was crucial in the U.S. nuclear monopoly);
— To confirm the technology and create a sample atomic bomb as a starting point for the development of nuclear weapons;
— Experimentally investigate the possibility of nuclear explosion as the explosion of a typical nuclear weapon States;
— Practically check the quality of key materials and components needed to build a nuclear weapon.
It should be noted the fundamental importance of the fact that although the scheme was similar to the American charge, but the design, production and technology it were Soviet.
Small series of atomic charges such as RDS-1 has been deposited in Arzamas-16 in the amount of 5 pieces in 1950. It was an extraordinary reserve for emergencies. Their transportation could be carried out only aircraft that did not reach the United States. The next generation of nuclear weapons began to look compact, increased their power density.
The history of the development of the first Soviet atomic bomb is an example of effective organization of all services very different directions, dedicated work of all participants in its creation, and high-definition interaction responsibility for their work.
During this period, produced a particular style of work of the staff of researchers, designers, engineers, production and administration, in which, in spite of the strict conditions of secrecy, to the extent permitted, there has been a constant and clear communication of all units with a full understanding of the importance and necessity of responding before each task.
The outcome of the Soviet atomic project was the creation in August 1949 of a prototype of the first atomic bomb and its successful test of August 29, 1949. The lag in the development of Soviet nuclear weapons, compared to the United States amounted to just four years (recall that the CIA director, Admiral Holenkotter, gave U.S. President forecast creation of the atomic bomb in the USSR, not before 1953 — and after a successful Soviet test in 1949 was sent down ("Nezavisimaya Gazeta", N131, July 21, 1999). U.S. President could not believe that "these Asians could make such sophisticated weapons, like an atomic bomb" ("Dark Sun", Richard Rhodes, p.372) and only 23 September 1949, he announced to the American people that the Soviet Union experienced the atomic bomb.
In June 1945, shortly after the end of the Potsdam Conference, the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff completed development of the first test plan for nuclear war against the Soviet Union, code-named Pincher, which provided 50 attacks with atomic bombs to destroy 20 cities. This plan was followed by others. Plan No. 2. Broiler — March 1948. 34 involved the use of nuclear bombs on 24 Soviet cities.
Plan No. 3. Sizzle — December 1948. Involved the use of 133 nuclear bombs on 70 cities, including 8 bombs on Moscow and Leningrad on 7 bombs.
Plan No. 4. Trojan — January 1949. Involved the use of 133 nuclear bombs on 70 cities (in Russia at that time there was no bomb, no charge).
August 29, 1949 Russia produced its first nuclear test in response to the test was followed by:
Plan No. 5. Shakedown — October 1949. Involved the use of 200 nuclear bombs on the cities of the USSR 104.
Plan No. 6. Dropshot — 1949. Involved the use of 300 nuclear bombs on the cities of the USSR 200.
Gradually increases the number of bombs in the Pentagon's plans to attack the Soviet Union was determined by an accelerated accumulation of stocks.
Plan No. 10. Sack 1956. Called for a nuclear strike on the United States 2,997 targets in the Soviet Union.
Since the end of 1960 began a period of "a single integrated operational plan (SIOP)", which is supposed to strike not only the Soviet Union, but also in other countries, in particular China.
Plan No. 12. SIOP-62 — December 1960. Called for a nuclear strike against 3,423 targets.
Plan No. 13. SIOP-5 — 1974. Called for a nuclear strike on 25,000 goals.
Plan No. 15. SIOP-5D refers to March 1980. It was approved by President Reagan and called for a nuclear strike on more than 40,000 targets in the Soviet Union.
Total experts account for up to 18 plans nuclear strike on the Soviet Union and Russia. Knowing this, it is easy to understand how relevant to our country was the problem of creation and development of nuclear weapons.
6. Results of the test of RDS-1