Remember what disease tormented Pontius Pilate? That's right — migraine. Among the reasons head pain she is one of the leading (almost 20% in adults).
Headache of migraine is usually one-sided, throbbing, worse on motion and tension. Another name for migraine — hemicrania, from the Greek for "half a head." Typically, the migraine pain is localized to the same location, but sometimes it varies from attack to attack and even within the same attack.
Another key symptom is nausea and vomiting that do not bring relief. Migraine can sometimes occur visual disturbances, numbness, tingling and weakness of the limbs, inability to speak properly, intolerance to light and noise. They appear before the pain, forming the so-called aura that portends fast attack head pain. Migraine attacks can begin at any age, but most often they appear in the 20-30 years old, and start to take place after a 50.
The causes of migraines are not fully defined, of the predisposing factors mentioned heredity, hormonal changes at puberty, frequent stress, fatigue, intense mental activity.
There are several forms of drugs that are effective in fighting with migraine:
- Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and acetaminophen. Their effect in migraine is very moderate, it can be improved somewhat with a combination of low doses of tramadol or narcotic analgesics.
- Antidepressants. Drugs used in psychiatry for the treatment of depression, may be assigned in this case to affect specific substances in the brain (neurotransmitters) involved in the formation of pain and regulation of vascular tone.
- Ergotamine and degidroergotamin — have long been used and effective medicine. It works by narrowing dilated blood vessels in the brain. As a result, migraine terminated, but it does not prevent relapse attack. Available as hispreparation as a nasal spray to break incipient migraine attack. Preparation very efficient.
- The most recent and effective group of drugs for the treatment of migraine — the so-called triptans. They operate on the exchange of the neurotransmitter serotonin, and are suitable for both prevention as well as to interrupt the attack. Unfortunately, their use is limited by high cost.
Continuing to keep cool is almost impossible. At the same time, learn how to safely take the events — an important step in preventing headaches. This may be the first step towards getting rid of them completely. This can help in mastering any of relaxation techniques: yoga, meditation, Chinese practice, breathing exercises, etc. You can choose any that is closest in spirit and aesthetics.
We each have our own images to help calm down, think of them in a stressful situation. Whatever be your fantasy, completely immerse yourself in it for five minutes. Other methods of restoring vascular tone include massage, acupressure (or acupressure), acupuncture.