Planetary boundaries, peculiar environmental "point of no return", you need to determine not only the climate, but also for other resources and of the environment, said the presidential adviser's special on climate Alexander Bedritsky.
"In our view, this issue requires clarification, because it is probably also a key factor for the success of the further development of civilization. The planet has limits, and its ability to provide real life activity limited to a certain threshold value, "- said at the presentation Bedritsky report of the High-level Panel on Global Sustainability (GSP) on Friday.
High-level Panel on Global Sustainability was formed in August 2010, UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon. Were co-chaired by the presidents of Finland and South Africa's President Tarja Halonen and Jacob Zuma, and its members are, in particular, the former prime minister and current Foreign Minister of Australia Kevin Rudd, former Prime Minister of Japan, Yukio Hatoyama, U.S. ambassador to the UN, Susan Rice, and the European Commissioner for Climate Connie Hedegaard. In late January 2012 the group presented its report in preparation for the summit in Brazil.
According Bedritsky, planetary boundaries, or thresholds, after which the degradation of the environment will be irreversible, it is very important, but knowledge of them is not enough yet.
"Although there are some specifics. For example, with respect to global climate change is preventing temperature rise caused by human impact of more than two degrees Celsius. This is one example of so-called planetary boundaries in relation to the climate, "- said Bedritsky.
Goal of limiting the rise in global average temperature above pre-industrial era to two degrees Celsius set a Member State of the Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
High Level Group in its report says that he considers it necessary to intensify research efforts to identify such boundaries in other areas, and to use them in making political decisions. According to the Russian envoy on climate issues, to coordinate this work, you can create a scientific body, similar to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), who offered two degrees Celsius as the "climate" of the border.
The UN Conference on Sustainable Development (UNCSD), or the summit of the "Rio +20?, Will be held in Brazil in June 2012. 20 years after the Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro, the country will meet again to discuss the issue of "green" economy, sustainable development and poverty eradication.Source: the-day-x.ru