Amniotic fluid

Amniotic fluid.  Photo from

The first element, which meets your baby,- Water: throughout all nine months of living in my mother's belly baby floats in the amniotic fluid. This habitat is completely tailored to his needs and serves as a carrier of valuable information about his health.

We do not remember what happened to us before birth, but, apparently, we were good.

  • First, heat: the temperature of amniotic fluid is always kept at around 37 ° C.
  • Secondly, quiet enough: the liquid absorbs shocks well and drowns the noise coming from the outside world.
  • Third, due to tightness in his bladder misses nothing more.
  • Fourth, in the amniotic fluid is immunoglobulins well protecting the little man from possible trouble.
  • Fifth, amniotic fluid can be compared to a kind of buffer, which protects the baby from the pressures of the outside world and makes sure that the primary means of communication with his mother — the umbilical cord was not being pinched.
  • Sixth, baby not deprived of freedom of movement (especially in the early stages), and floats in the amniotic fluid.

Experts note that during the first bathing after birth (his goal — to wash away the vernix) Children perfectly relaxed feeling in a familiar environment. And it is very important that before you start a whole new life in a completely different world — a world of fresh air.

Where are the water and what are they made of?

When the fertilized egg attaches to the uterine wall and begins to divide, forming part of a complex mechanism: the fetal membranes, placenta, umbilical cord and embryo (future baby).

Fetal membranes (amnion and chorion) form a hermetic bubble with a completely sterile liquid inside. By the end of the second week of pregnancy bubble completely fills the uterus and up to 14 weeks, amniotic fluid is leaking into the baby's body through the skin. Then his skin keratin enriched and become thicker, and the water from this point to enter into other channels. For example, the digestive tract: the baby absorbs liquid and outputs it from the body in urine. Over time the volume of the processed water it reaches a few liters per day, that is in the uterus constantly about one liter of liquid.

Where did it come from? Amniotic fluid are formed by propotevanie plasma from blood vessels mother. In the later stages of pregnancy in the production of amniotic fluid begin to participate kidneys and lungs child. By the end of her term comes to1-15 liters, and every three hours it is completely updated, with one-third of processed baby.

Almost 97% of the amniotic fluid — water, which dissolved most different nutrients: proteins, mineral salts (calcium, sodium, chlorine). Furthermore, it is possible to detect skin cells, hair and flavoring — alkaloids. It is believed that the odor of amniotic fluid is similar to the flavor of breast milk, allowing just born baby accurately determine where the mother's breast.

In the West, in some maternity hospitals newborns do not wash their hands, so they can suck their fingers, "flavored" amniotic fluid, the smell of which they are so used to.

As the water involved in the birth process?

Amniotic fluid — it is a living environment due to stay in which the child begin to work many vital functions. The kidneys start to work a little because he swallows water, processes and displays them in the urine (bladder baby amniotic fluid is detected on9th week of pregnancy). Eventually baby, like a fish begins to "breathe" liquid, making the first and very important exercise for the lungs, preparing them to breath in a normal atmosphere. During birth the lungs are compressed, the remnants of amniotic waters come out, and right after that kid makes his first breath.

In late pregnancy, fetal bladder begins to put pressure on the cervix than helping her to develop. On the day of ruptured membranes (regardless of whether it occurs naturally or artificially) liquid enters the birth canal and washes them, which helps the baby move. If the baby is head down, then pour into early labor only those waters that are in front, the others continue to defend him, and only come out with the arrival of a baby into the world.

The volume of water

Because everything that is connected with the state of the amniotic fluid, it is very important to a child's health, doctors are closely monitoring everything that happens to them. How polyhydramnios and oligohydramnios may adversely affect the development of the embryo.

Isolation of amniotic fluid before birth

According to statistics, every fifth woman loses a certain amount of amniotic fluid before the rupture of membranes. When the amniotic fluid begins to "leak" mom scared: they feel that they do not have time to run to the toilet (not to be mistaken with the conclusions straining muscles: the flow of urine can be stopped at will, and the amniotic fluid — no).

Since because of leakage of amniotic fluid to the child may get an infection in your best interest to consult a doctor. He will take a swab from the cervix to the elements of amniotic waters, and then will decide what to do next. When it all started for up to 34 weeks and the baby has not yet "ripe" lungs, doctors will prolong pregnancy, protecting the baby antibiotics. At this time, the expectant mother will appoint medication to help "ripen" light baby and the cervix to prepare for childbirth. If the leakage of amniotic fluid infection is accompanied by a (an expectant mother's temperature rises, the analysis of blood and vaginal swab many white blood cells, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) is accelerating), the woman immediately begin to prepare for the birth.

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