On this day 120 mm mortars are used in the U.S. peacekeeping troops in Afghanistan and continues to receive the arms tactical units. Mortars can also be used as a portable mortar system. This is the eighth modification BBM «Stryker», and although it is a modification M1129, popular as a mortar carrier — are two different machines.
Armored combat vehicles «Stryker»
BBM «Stryker» is a series of armored crotch type made from the armored transporters «Piranha» for ground units of the United States bearing the title of the same name. For the creation of the machine have merged the two companies — «DDGMC» and «General Dynamics Land Systems," which make the newest car on the basis of «LAV III». Title BMM is named 2-distinguished American troops — in World War II and Vietnam were awarded medals of Honor (posthumously).
First car enters the unit «Stryker» from 2002, which were the epitome of the general land Shineski pans. He believed that existed at that time, the concept of land forces are behind the rapid introduction of configurations ground units in military conflicts and frisky and tried to maneuver units using a strong technique (ACV «Stryker») and the available infantry units. Instant delivery of such units planned to produce a method of constant co-operation with the Navy and Air Force. These new units became, in fact — advanced ground forces engaged in an invasion of the enemy terrain.
Brand new creation units programm «Stryker» with the introduction of BBM «Stryker» adopted in the Army in America, but in the way of the creation of the machines decide to upgrade, and they are heavy and slower than even the machines on which they were developed, and are not much adapted to transport air. Mobile ground units with such machines have been presented to Congress by the military as the South American combat troops act, the full range of crucial tasks. But BBM «Stryker» in fact were lightly armored vehicles are vulnerable to mnogokalibernogo guns and RPGs. The introduction of new vehicles in military conflicts has shown that it has a lot of comments and unsolved problems on which to work and work. The car came out pretty solid, the highest and overloaded, which eventually became the lead to rollover on roads ill-equipped.
According to the initial plans overland military command planned to make six brigades «Stryker», which will be the primary technique different embodiments of the machines «Stryker». Estimated price of 6 teams — 15 billion, with about 5 billion — is unexpected expenses and rising prices.
The Iraqi experience of machines «Stryker»
All results for combat operations in Iraq have been analyzed and evaluated, and on BBM "Stryker" was made even a single spetsdoklad. The main conclusion drawn by military professionals based on the report: fighting vehicles actually one hundred percent do not meet the puzzles put before them, and their imminent introduction of the troops placed under a huge swing.
Reported advantages of machine:
— smooth ride;
— comfort when driving off-road;
The main drawbacks:
— unreliability in combat criteria;
— weak protection even against small tools;
— small firepower;
— some design flaws.
— a great opportunity to defeat armored vehicles with a single shot from a grenade launcher;
The main way to deal with a weak defense, was the setting protivokumulyativnyh lattices that are just overloaded the car and decreased cell properties. Overloading led to very frisky necessary substitution of tires, and became inconsistencies of heavy precipitation. After a rain, BBM generally try not to use so even the car got stuck on the road and do not set a very massive engines such criteria fail. Of the drawbacks of design solutions should be noted awkward decision of seat belts, which even led to the death of several U.S. soldiers. There were, of course, the claims in the standard infantry weapons and vehicles, but against the background of the above-mentioned shortcomings in their can not focus on.
The main loss of crew vehicles — 17 soldiers, and this despite the fact that the PMM was used in Iraq, after the active phase of the military intervention. The main attack on the car made irregular Iraqi groups, mostly armed with rocket-propelled grenades were an old and obsolete types of mines. Back in Iraq, it became clear that the "Striker" is quite dangerous for the first U.S. troops and their implementation in solving various tasks is significantly reduced.
But, as so often happens, from this South American military combat equipment shall be removed no. New upgraded machines have become dynamic security protection by the armed units of the Army of the United States. Apart from that, on the available in-service vehicle suspension systems are mounted reactive armor, which is designed to greatly reduce the main drawback ACV — feeble protection from mnogokalibernogo guns and grenade launcher rounds.
Arrangement and design of the PMM «Stryker»
The car has retained appropriate for wheeled armored transporters «Piranha» assembly:
— separation of management — in the bow on the left;
— MTO — the bow on the right;
— troop compartment — central and aft part of the machine;
The crew of the PMM "Stryker" two people — vehicle commander and driver-mechanic. In the troop compartment can fit a 9-be foot soldiers in full gear. Wheels of the car are connected to the centralized pumping. Input-output infantrymen in the car via the stern ramp, which has a built-in door and two flap in the back of the car on the roof. Wheel formula 8×8, with the ability to turn off the drive 2 bridges.
The driver-mechanic is provided with 3 M17 periscopes and night vision device. The main equipment installed in the veh
— digital data transmission system FBCB2;
— display system and testing of the tactical situation;
— navigation system «Raytheon» AN/TSQ-158;
— periscope M45 — 7 units;
— screen display with a thermal imaging camera and disk imaging;
In the MTO installed diesel engine «3126e/C7» from "Caterpillar" with features power 350 hp Automatic box, box «MD3066P» 6-speed from "Allison". Armored combat vehicle is not a floating point type.
Armament is dependent on the version of the machine. It is installed on the commander's cupola. To do this, a unified carrier, on which you can set the time in kutsee various weapons. Armament the main remote-managed execution:
— 12.7 mm machine gun fire "M2" ammunition with two thousand shots;
— 40 mm grenade launcher «Mk19» ammunition with 448 grenade rounds;
— 7.62 mm machine gun "M240" with ammunition 4.5 thousand shots.
Coupled with the least which of these types of weapons are on one installation set 4th block 4-barrel grenade launchers "M6" smoke screens. The total number of published copies BMM "Stryker" — 3 thousand cars. For air transport aircraft used S-130/17/5.
Modifications BBM "Stryker":
— armored infantry fighting vehicles — ICV M1126;
— Machine Intelligence — RV M1127;
— ACS — mobile gun system — MGS M1128;
— mortar machine — MS M1129;
— command vehicle — CV M1130;
— fire support vehicle — FSV M1131;
— engineering vehicle — ESV M1132;
— Machine medical care — MEV M1133;
— mobile anti-tank complex — TOW M1134;
— machine WMD intelligence — RV NBC M1135.
The main features:
— weight — 17200 kg;
— Length — 6.4 meters;
— width — 2.6 m;
— height — 2.2 meters;
— clearance — 50 cm;
— Capacity — 11 people, 2 — the crew, 9 — foot soldiers;
— maximum speed — 97 km / h;
— Range — 500 km;
— gradeability angle to 31 degrees;
— Obstacles: height 60 cm, width up to 2 meters.
Sources disk imaging: