Nedavneshnie statements first Russian Defense Ministry officials, including Chief of Armament of the Armed Forces — Deputy Defense Minister Army General Vladimir Popovkin, the refusal by purchasing a number of armored vehicles left several multi-valued memory. While some management solutions Defense look completely reasonable, others are puzzling. The latter are associated with the impending fate of the main wheel of the vehicle Russian infantry — BTR-80.
Vladimir Popovkin, recall, said that the Defense Ministry will not take the BTR-80, so as to release the landing of the machine are designed doors and the soldiers can not leave it on the go. But the side doors for infantry — this is not a whim of engineers who created the Russian armored personnel carriers. This assembly with the layout of the engine compartment at the rear compartment and armored troops in the central part of it was justified by the tactical and technical projects for the development of the BTR-70 and BTR-80, demanding the buoyancy of mandatory these machines. In addition, the possibility of landing on the move in the construction of armored personnel carriers provided for all the same, but leave them on the move — it's not very common.
The best way out — horse riding
It should be noted that the lateral placement of the landing hatch part really is not optimal, but at the same time has a fundamental advantage is the possibility of landing and landing fighters under the guise of the board. In the case of ambush on the rear ramp APC (at such an assembly landing on the move is not just problems) large rear hatch makes it even more threats to assault. A successful shot from a grenade launcher, fire from small guns with a suitable point of death threats to all individuals inside the machine such people.
Naturally, side door at the BTR-80 is also not devoid of drawbacks. They initially quite narrow, and therefore frisky entry and exit is not much adapted, through them harder to drag the wounded.
But the given set of arguments and counter-arguments about the assembly of armored personnel carriers generally somewhat counterproductive. After all, we are talking about using the APC, created for the "big" in the European theater of war, in the criteria of local conflicts and counterterrorism operations. Own answer to the question, what accommodation hatches for landing more convenient for such war, the soldiers gave themselves more in Afghanistan — and from that time until now the Russian infantry fighting goes on its own machine only the "top". This means that for myatezhevoyny needed a fundamentally different armor and fundamentally other ways of its implementation.
According to reports, the development of the latest generation of APC in Russia is at an accelerated pace. About the design of the machine while it is not clear. But it is safe to say that it will be noticeably more expensive than their own predecessors. That's why it would make sense on a par with that, as long as the hypothetical new armored vehicle to keep in service and waste, perfectly familiar to the troops, and generally quite good BTR-80, has undergone naturally harsh modernization. Much less that such an improved machine is already there. It is a question of the BTR-82 and BTR-82A. They are made by a team of Military Engineering Center (Design Bureau in the "Military-Industrial Company") is very splotchenno with the spices of the Ministry of Defence and are preparing for mass production by the Arzamas Machine Building Plant (AMZ). At the current time the joint committee, which was comprised of representatives of the manufacturing enterprise, customer and scientific organizations of the Head Tank-Automotive Management, began terminating phase of the prototype test 2-wheeled armored personnel carrier of the new modifications.
WORKING FOR THE PUBLIC
Last Friday at the site AMZ accomplished public premiere of the BTR-82 and BTR-82A, which up to now "live" beheld only a very limited number of people, including Prime Minister Vladimir Putin. In general, mobility, firepower and patency of new armored vehicles leave very suitable memory.
First, that is on the mind's eye with the modern ones armored personnel carriers — is a unified fighting module instead of the old small turrets. In the embodiment BTR-82 it set the standard for this traditional Russian armored vehicles KPVT caliber of 14.5 mm, and a version of the BTR-82A — 30-mm automatic gun 2A72. Both options are divine and the presence of coaxial 7.62-mm machine gun PKTM. Fighting module to equip electric vertical and horizontal aiming and digital plane stabilizer arms, very uniform with anti-BMP-2. Through the introduction of a stabilizer and electric crew BTR-82 (82A) had the opportunity to conduct aimed fire on the move. According to the developers, the effectiveness of fire upgraded armored personnel increased by about 2.5 times. Important to note that in the BTR-82, where the main tool is the 14.5-mm machine gun KPVT, ammunition remained the same — 500 rounds, but instead of 10 boxes with ribbons for 50 rounds, as it was in the BTR-80, there was a system with a single power supply tape, in other words gunner spared from having to create enough labor-intensive machine gun reloading after every 50 shots.
To increase the intelligence capabilities and effectiveness of fire spotter has at its disposal a combined vsesutochny TKN-4GA (TKN-4GA-02) with the stabilization of the visual field. He, according to the head of the Military Engineering Design Center (VITS) George Queen, allows remote undermining the 30-mm shells. "Development of such type of ammunition in the current time is coming to an end", — said Yuri Queens. Their acceptance into service will allow markedly improve the ability of Russian armored vehicles on the defeat of the enemy, under cover of the countryside or in the folds of the trenches.
To improve maneuverability command BTR-82 (82A) on the car radio installed fifth-generation F-168, which can ensure the talks both in open and in secret mode of topographical orientation "Throne-1" and combined monitoring devices commander's TKN -AI. This device is provided with an active laser-pulse illumination and allows the commander to detect the enemy at distances up to 3 km, overestimates the accuracy of the distance measurement eliminates the telltale signs of infrared spotlights mounted on the BTR-80. The system of topographical orientation "Throne-1" was created to determine the current position and display machine its location on the electrical map of the area. It has a stand-alone and satellite channels to obtain the navigation disk imaging. System helps in the automatic mode, to find out how far is the destination point, automatically show items destination, milestones and goals for the electric map to create a route of entry. In addition, in the current work is underway to install an APC-82 (82A) of software and hardware complex for integration into a single management system tactical level.
In the bound of
With the modernization of armored engineers VITS severe attention to the increase in the level of protection for the crew and troops, trying to squeeze everything you can out of the base structure without severe growth machine weight. The internal surface of the hulls, for example, covered with ballistic red lining, is a multilayer synthetic material such as Kevlar. It delays the secondary f
ragments at piercing armor, and eliminates the possibility of ricocheting bullets from the sides.
Seriously make mine better durability of the machine housing is not probable, as the build-up protection of the bottom will inevitably lead to a sharp increase in the mass and as a consequence — increased loads on the chassis and a box that will cause a sharp decrease in their reliability. Yes, and it is almost impossible, says chief designer VITS. To increase the resistance of the existing housing BTR undermined to the level of machines such as MRAP, armored troop-carrier need to build from scratch. To reduce the negative effects of the explosions under the wheels of the body or on the BTR-82 (82A) carpeted floor mats of mine, is a multilayer rubber coating layers which possess different qualities. These mats partly dampen the impact of the blast.
In addition, the seat of the crew and troops to be equipped with a special suspension, which should also reduce the impact of the explosion energy by being inside the armored men. In the presented Arzamas 2-experimental machines such suspension is not yet established as "write" it in a limited indoor space designed 20 years ago, heavily armored personnel carriers. According to Yuri Queen, compared to the baseline option mine resistance BTR-82 (82A) increased by approximately 10 percent.
Another solution aimed at increasing the survivability of the upgraded machines — installation of improved fire suppression systems. In general, according to developers, as a result of the complex implementation of capacity-protected armored vehicle survivability has increased by 20%, its crew, units and systems able to guarantee the destruction of anti-armor weapons by small enemy from a distance of 100 m, and from the secondary splinter in the case of penetration of the main armor.
For the first time in the Russian armored vehicles produced by the installation of autonomous power unit capacity of 5 kW. He saves the resource base engine for the exclusion of his work in action in the defense, at checkpoints, etc., increase the resource and charge the battery, also decrease the visibility of the machine in the thermal and acoustic spectra.
In order to solve the major problems of ergonomics — the comfort criterion crew stay in the car, lowering his fatigue in the march and conduct combat, especially at elevated temperatures — on the BTR-82 (82A) mounted air conditioning system. It also provides a rational conditions of electrical equipment and devices.
Equipment with new equipment to increment a lot of BTR-82 (82A) in comparison with the base-line BTR-80 about ton. BTR-82 weighs 15 tons, BTR-82A — 15.4 tons. To maintain high performance mobility in their new engines installed capacity of 300 liters. s. They are unified by 85% with serial motors, set up for army trucks KamAZ "Mustang" family. Improved suspension and shock-absorber excessive energy consumption provided the ride and as a consequence have allowed to increment the average speed of vehicles on rough terrain up to 45 km / h In bridges BTR-82 (82A) mounted gear lockable differentials, through which up to 30% increased throughput. Thanks to other activities for the modernization of the box significantly increased service intervals (in some positions he currently achieves 15 thousand kilometers — as in modern passenger cars) and share APC.
The mobility of the upgraded vehicles on rough terrain, demonstrated in the exhibition race on the range AMZ really looks very impressive. Namely, machine-gun and cannon armored effortlessly made the ascent and descent with the mound, the slope of which the eye is comparable to the 40 percent rise of Dmitrov avtopoligona calibrated. In other words, the movement in the mountainous area should not pose for these machines severe problems.
According to the views of representatives of the Military Engineering Center, equipping infantry units and parts of the Russian Army BTR-82 and BTR-82A will help to ensure parity with the same type of state formation of NATO, the main mass of the equipped armored personnel carriers. With regard to Chechnya, the introduction of ballistic and mine-red lining mats all the same is unlikely to force the Russian infantry to hide under the armor, although to some extent and make life easier for the crew. To be fair to say that from being blown up by a land mine, made from 122-mm projectile, not every MRAP rescue and even a tank will get a very significant damage. And here's an opportunity to conduct aimed fire on the move and expansion of the capacity for action in the APC black time of the day in the North Caucasus, I think, will appreciate.