Reports of a brand new complex appeared in "News", where he was designated as the MRIS (The multi-intelligence information system). Since virtually all of the information on this project has not officially published, the publication had to turn to an unnamed source at the Ministry of Defence, who said some details of the project. MRIS system is a complex of equipment capable of receiving different signals and create their treatment. In the end, do not emit any waves system electronic intelligence can collect a variety of information.
Separately there is the possibility of so-called passive location. By receiving the emitted or reflected by the object of any radio MRIS can calculate its position. So Makarov, even an ordinary radio altimeter may issue a flying machine. Information obtained MRIS is applicable for use in targeting for air defense. A source said, "Izvestia", for installation MRIS required area in a few 10-s square meters. On it are all antenna units, and hardware system. As long as there is no disk imaging embodiments of the system, but there is reason to believe the possibility of creating electronic intelligence station on car chassis.
According to the source, to the true time MRIS "learned" to recognize a number of types of radio and organize their source. In addition, in 2009 one of the prototypes of the system under test showed her highest potential. Alleged that during a test using mock MRIS, established at the site in the suburbs, was able to detect and track multiple aircraft flying over the Barents Sea. Comparison of the data system ELINT and the radar showed an error of only a few meters. So Makar, at work on a huge range of MRIS has, at least, not the least effective than the existing radar.
The main part of the project can be considered MRIS computational methods by which station equipment can be isolated from all the noise in the radio signals are necessary to it, and the right way to interpret them. As a result, even significantly weakened signals of communication systems, radar, or other parts of the aircraft equipment sufficient for reliable detection and recognition. In theory, station electronic intelligence, which has the ability of passive detection, capable of producing even the detection of low observable aircraft.
It is worth noting, like electronic intelligence systems and passive location is not something revolutionary new. For example, since the late 80's in Russian, and then the Russian army used electronic intelligence station "Mail." Its ability to allow planes to look for on their radiation at a range of up to 750-800 km (depending on the specific type and number of tests). So Makar, MRIS has some fundamentally differences from their predecessors. Still, the promising system Intelligence has the appropriate feature: a huge range of acts. If the source of the "News" told the truth, then we can make approximate conclusions about the sensitivity of the receiving equipment. Between the points of the coming of the Capital Region and the Barents Sea, about 1800 km. So Makar, brand new MRIS is able to "see" the airborne targets at a distance of two and a redundant times the radius of the superior acts over an old "Kolchuga".
Certain enthusiasm is the term "multi-position" applied in the title MRIS. Among other things it could mean the possibility of interfacing with foreign intelligence station receivers. Zabugornye countries have already conducted successful experiments on the connection of intelligence systems to different antennas, military and civilian mission. For instance, station electronic intelligence can be connected to a cellular communications tower that with some additional options to increment the number of systems will allow the resulting disk imaging. In addition, the introduction of a plurality of spaced apart receiving antennas makes it possible to create a definition of the position of the found object with greater accuracy. According to experts, the main obstacle to the growth of the effectiveness of passive location of such architecture is access to suitable antennas.
Good impetus for future development of systems that are similar MRIS may be their introduction to civilian purposes. Passive radars in the detection accuracy comparable to ordinary radar, consume significantly less energy and because of this may intrigue the aerodrome operators. With all of this all there is reason to believe that such a development could be completely real: civilian aircraft never observe radio silence, which to a large extent passive locators will help determine their position. But such application systems ELINT Peaceful applies to at least the next five to seven years. At the current time, passive radars have a number of related problems that prevent the immediate commencement of operation of similar technology in air traffic control.
Totally understandable that for practical implementation MRIS, you must first complete the work on it. As reported by the source of "Izvestia", as of the end of winter and the beginning illumine the past year, the Ministry of Defence to check out the technical and monetary coordination of project documentation MRIS. So Makar, summed up the source, the introduction of the new system in the armed forces may be initiated already by the end of 2013. Since before this date only a few months, most recently, it may seem and official information on the latest multi-position reconnaissance information system.
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