Since taking office, President Barack Obama's foreign policy, as the policy of the U.S. security than ever focused on Beijing. Turned out the messiah in Machiavelli, president of the United States not only continues its predecessor's Asian policy of George W. Bush, who has focused on the ascent of China, and it is even more pointed.
For global strategic thinking of the United States China XXI century is becoming more so, than it was for the Yankees in the XX century Russian Alliance, in other words — the biggest competitor in the field of international politics, which ideologically ranked as the evil empire. The withdrawal of troops from Iraq and Afghanistan, the relative restraint of the United States in Libya, and now — and in Syria, and the withdrawal of U.S. military brigades in Germany — are all associated with a strategy that involves the almost complete shift of attention to China. In any case, in the global assessment of Iran continues to play a role.
These new emphases explain the visit to Asia, U.S. Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta (Leon Panetta), during which he explained the Obama administration's latest strategy in the area from Canberra to Kabul. In response to China's rapid military buildup to the Americans in 2020 want to transfer 60% of its own naval forces, as 6 out of 11 aircraft carriers in the waters of the Pacific Ocean — first they will be placed on the available from the end of the second world war military bases in the Land of the Rising Sun and South Korea. Also in the Australian Navy Darwin America increment the number of own troops by the end of this month to 2,500.
Tensions in the South China Sea
Once the United States and China struggle for influence in the South China Sea. The increasingly cavalier Beijing's claims in the region are forced to adjacent countries such as Vietnam, the Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia and Brunei, and, of course, Taiwan rush into the arms of defenders — American naval forces.
Beijing declares that sea on the basis of their historical right — in the XV century it belonged to the empire. And Beijing does so without paying attention to the 12-mile coastal zone and the 200-mile economic zone, which are based on the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, and in a very similar extent guaranteed to all parties in the region. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton repeated for the past 2-years, which is a free passage through the South China Sea belongs to the national interests of the United States. From a strategic point of view, the South China Sea is a continuation of the Straits of Malacca and is an important shipping route to China and Japan. Under its seabed means the availability of significant raw material deposits, and in the sea fishing is 10% of the total volume of the world's fish.
Over the last 2-years increased the number of collisions between Chinese vessels on the one hand and Vietnamese, Filipino and — on the other side. Political pressure on the Chinese Goliath 6 David constantly grows — from demanding recognition of their claims of Beijing. Unleashed domestic political nationalism to achieve virtually eliminates the diplomatic least some compromise on the part of the Chinese government. South China Sea could be reincarnated as a crisis area at a time when the Chinese authorities arbitrarily create a reason for the escalation of the conflict.
Trying to reach the location of India
Defense Secretary Panetta during his own visit to New Delhi in particular aggressively wooed India as a strategic partner. After the de facto recognition of it as a nuclear power, the United States, which find their expression in the prisoner in the 2008 nuclear agreement, India in America's Asian strategy is given a special meaning. It is regarded as strategic counterweight to China, and in light of the withdrawal of troops from Afghanistan, are also considered good relations with Kabul Indians. India, since 2001 izderzhala 2 billion bucks to become a lender naikrupneyshim development projects in Afghanistan.
Taking into account the dual strategic function of the subcontinent, Panetta urged India to increment its role in the Hindu Kush, in particular through training Afghan soldier in India. Since China's arms buildup is a concern and the government in New Delhi, India is interested in acquiring the United States advanced weapons systems, aircraft, and helicopters. India is an importer naikrupneyshim guns in the world, and the United States wants to take the place of the Russian Federation as a prime contractor. With all the dreams of Washington concerning the alliance even a little weakened government Singh (Singh) is acting very cocky and hardly will allow the United States to get itself.
Panetta's surprise visit to Kabul has, the faster, the symbolic value after Wednesday as a result of NATO raid killed 18 people, including — ladies and kids. It is significant that Panetta did not go to Islamabad. Last ally Pakistan in the eyes of the United States turned into a pariah, which no longer has the power to northern Waziristan, that fight with the terrorists, "al-Qaeda". Attacks perpetrated by the United States with the introduction of UAVs demonstrate that Obama is no longer directs attention to the territorial sovereignty of Pakistan — a strategic partner of China. In the context of relations with China, the message of the address of Washington in Asian countries is: an alliance with China does not protect anyone else. In almost all countries of the region, who fear a brutal and inconsiderate behavior of China, these words are awareness.
China meanwhile has announced its own intention recently entered into a strategic partnership with Afghanistan. Immediately to the Asian tour in Beijing Panetta held a meeting of Shanghai Cooperation Organization, which assumed the role of President of China, the President of the Russian Federation, the heads of four Central Asian countries. This conference is basically — "soap opera" than a real political cooperation, but now and gestures are the policy. Meanwhile, the spiral of US-China tensions continues to contract — despite all the verbal statements regarding the economic interdependence between the two countries and the peaceful ascent of China.
Chinese management is in a phase of unstable transition, and the United States to a presidential election. At the current time is to rely only on what evenly on both sides will increase understanding of the necessity of creation of institutional devices bilateral conflict resolution. With the help of these devices can prevent an explosion of the 1st of numerous tensions in Asia.