Brand new gas war

A new gas warJust to be a neighbor of the Russian Federation? Just ask about the Ukraine. Since the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Ukraine's relations with Russia are developing a range from cool to downright aggressive formal, and the main irritant, of course, is the gas issue.

The period of rapprochement and vsepostoyanstva in relations between Ukraine and Russia, which began with the arrival to power of Viktor Yanukovych, was completed. It showed the true Dmitry Medvedev met with Ukrainian President in Sochi. Favourite Ukraine started negotiations with a clear hint of the opportunity to file a neighboring Russia to the tribunal, and the Russian president — with the recognition that in the 2-relationship of many questions. According to reliable sources, neither the 1st of them are not completely solve the Timeout: Moscow and Kiev continue to argue about the cost of gas and the future entry of Ukraine in the current Customs alliance. Media sources indicate that the governments of 2-countries are preparing for a prolonged confrontation directly to another gas war on the eve of the election the winter of 2012.

Even before the meeting in Sochi, Yanukovych expressed his judgment that Ukraine and Our homeland must find a compromise and mutually beneficial resolution and review the current gas prices, without resorting to judicial process likely because Kiev considers current prices onerous. Deputy Prime Minister Sergei Tigipko stated that the need to reach the level of prices, which operates in most European countries. In Kiev, consider a fair price for gas at $ 200 per thousand cubic meters.

According to the agreements, the cost per gas is dependent on the price of oil on global markets. In the 3rd quarter of the gas price increased by 20% compared with the second quarter — up to 354 bucks for a thousand cubic meters. Cost for gas in the first quarter amounted to 264.3 dollars per a thousand cubic meters in the 2nd — 295.6 bucks.

In a meeting with the president of Media Ukraine Viktor Yanukovych said subsequent: "I believe in our common interest — Ukraine and the Russian Federation — to accept a compromise solution, of course, we will strive for this." In other words, the judgment of the gas issue is also not excluded.

For the first time the ability of resolving the question of prices supplied by Gazprom to Ukraine gas spoke in court, Prime Minister Mykola Azarov. Last week, during a press conference, he said that Kiev will examine the termination of the existing gas contract, which was signed by his predecessor in 2009.

Are independent of spices in turn, said that a new conflict with Ukraine is very favorable Russian gas monopoly. It provides a way to justify the huge investment in the project "South Stream" and "Nord Stream".

Alexei Miller, the head of "Gazprom", another 30 Jun said that gas Holding admits the possibility of lowering the price of natural gas for Ukraine, but only if the association with the state company "Naftogaz Ukraine. "

A similar option is not absolutely applicable in Ukraine. The government is well aware that a similar merger in the future Russia will be applied as leverage. Ukrainian authorities also argue that the gas agreement with Russia in 2009 by the then Prime Minister of Ukraine Yulia Tymoshenko issued without government directives, and as follows — the agreements are invalid. Now comes the trial of Tymoshenko's resounding "gas case".

In response to Moscow's refusal to lower natural gas prices, Kiev diligently searches for ways to break the bondage of its energy imports from Russia, and now the situation looks as if it is the desire to fully become a reality. Head of Ukrainian Gosgeonedr Edward Stavitskiy in his own interview that followed: "Today, municipal fund free underground resources of approximately $ 1.1 trillion. cubic meters of gas and around 130-150 million tons of oil with associated gas condensate. In the past 10 years, Ukraine fully capable of fully itself to stuff themselves with oil and gas, which will allow the principal to exclude the purchase of imported energy resources. "

TNK-BP is ready to invest (2 billion. Dollars) in the development of shale gas on the territory of Ukraine until 2020. Shell has already given the project a natural gas field in the Hughes and is ready for the next 3 years to invest a certain amount of billions of dollars in its technological development, hoping to get out for 10 years at the highest level of extraction of 10.8 billion. cubic meters of gas per year.

In Western Ukraine investors, such as Chevron, intrigued demonstrate to the rich Olessky field, which extends over the countryside Ternopil, Lviv and Ivano-Frankivsk regions, the area of which, according to preliminary estimates only of the order of 5.4 thousand square kilometers.

According to reliable information, provided by the Deputy Minister of Fuel and Energy of the Government of Ukraine Sergey Cech, municipal power company "Naftogaz of Ukraine" is developing a contract with the world's oil and gas group Shell, the subject of which will be to develop the Black Sea shelf. Cech said that Ukraine can significantly increment the creation of oil and gas in the waters of the Dark Sea and Azov seas, but it will claim the tremendous investment, but, but, Ukraine plans to increment the volume of natural gas on the Black Sea shelf to 2.9 million tons in year 2015, covering gas condensate.

In the event that Ukraine will be able to really achieve energy independence, it is ultimately deprive Moscow of the 1st of its main leverage for political pressure on Kiev. Very unnerving away from issues related to the supply of natural gas transit through Ukraine by Gazprom, the next question, which was a source of tension in the modern Russian-Ukrainian relations in the past 2 decades, and is still unresolved. This is a controversial question to continue the terms of use of Russian port of Sevastopol in the Crimea as a base for your own Black Sea Fleet. In past years, Moscow has taken a very strong position on all issues related to the implementation of the port, in the main due to its own "gas weapon".

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