In 2011, the amount of damages caused by natural and man-made disasters, has broken all records, reaching a historic high. Cumulative losses amounted to about 350 billion dollars.
This assessment gave a Swiss company specializing in reinsurance. Experts stress that this is a preliminary calculation. Despite the fact that in 2011, the economic losses associated with the disaster, have reached the highest level in history, the amount of loss that is covered by insurance premiums this year reached the mark of $ 108 billion. This figure is second only to the performance in 2005, when insurers have suffered losses of $ 123 billion.
The most costly for the insurance companies have fees associated with earthquakes in Japan in March of this year ($ 35 billion) and in New Zealand the previous month (12 billion dollars). A total of 23.8 billion cost insurers hurricanes and tropical cyclones that hit this year by the United States, from 8 to 11 billion dollars — the floods in Thailand at $ 2.3 billion — floods in Australia, according to ITAR-TASS.
As written Dni.Ru, the damage from the earthquake and tsunami on March 11 exceeded 210 billion dollars. In addition, Tokyo had to allocate considerable funds for long-term monitoring of health in Fukushima. In the calculations of the authorities is not considered damage from the accident at the nuclear power plant "Fukushima-1", which would have significantly increased the amount. For comparison, the damage from the earthquake in the city of Kobe in 1995 was estimated at about 119.2 billion. Thus, the destruction of this year surpassed them on the scale of about 1.8 times.
Recall, an earthquake of magnitude 9.0 occurred March 11, 2011 in the north-east of Japan, triggering a tsunami height of more than ten meters. The number of victims of elements was more than 15 thousand people, about eight thousand missing. As a result, hit the plant "Fukushima-1" tsunami has been disabled emergency power system, which led to the excellent fuel cooling and pools of spent nuclear fuel.
After a series of radioactive leaks from the station exceeding the standards of radiation was found in the water and the product in a number of Japanese prefectures. The government imposed restrictions on the supply of local goods to market. Of the 20 — and 30-kilometer zone and beyond, where they found pockets of radioactive contamination, residents were evacuated.