Don Current is a sleepy little village in the southern region of Cambodian Kampot. It is located near the mouth of the river that flows slowly in the warm Gulf of Thailand. For hundreds of years the villagers cultivated rice fields, raised cattle and hunted seafood. But a couple of years ago, things began to change. Sea water flooded fields, destroying crops and saturating the soil with salt.
Flooding on the coast are not uncommon in Indochina, but they are caused mainly by typhoons periodically bedeviled Southeast Asia. But cause of recent floods that have become regular and more frequent, was not a hurricane, and a rise in sea level.
Together with its local partner organization Save the nature Kabodzhi, Catholic Relief Services (CRS) has studied the problem and has attracted experts to train local residents a relatively simple solution to prevent floods. One solution — self-made dam of rocks and soil. The key point is that all of these measures should be consistent. The inhabitants of these villages as Don current must not only be able to construct the dam and keep them in good condition.
In general, the experience of current residents Don is not unique to Cambodia. For example, in the villages and the Prek Pi asshole Kes in the same region of Kampot, is more or less impossible to accurately predict the rainy season, although earlier it was an easy task. In 2010, Prek Pi suffered from drought in the time for the rice crops needed rain. Peasants, accustomed to a certain natural routine, suffered heavy losses. Those who were able to save the crops affected by heavy rains during the harvest season, although usually at the time it was dry. Gathered figure largely rendered useless because of mold, because of the high humidity.
CRS for more than ten years working with rural communities in Cambodia, fighting hunger by increasing agricultural production. CRS and its local partners are taught farmers new methods allowing in rising sea levels increase the number of livestock and the production of necessary crops, such as rice, vegetables and fruits.
Armed with this knowledge, farmers can produce more food for their families and communities in terms of regular flooding.
Translation: Vitaly Semkin