Chelyabinsk meteorite. Versions more

Debate on the topic of events February 15, 2013, when Chelyabinsk meteorite exploded over Russia did not cease. The scientists claim that this is icy asteroid, ufologists that there is no UFO not done, and some that it is nothing more than a gipperzvukovaya rocket. It seems that the truth forever buried the Russian secret services …

Chelyabinsk meteorite? No! Exploded Russian hypersonic missile test of a prototype which then passed abnormally. This sensation stunned the other day, "Nezavisimaya Gazeta". Although it was not the first.

Immediately after the explosion of the Chelyabinsk known journalist Yulia Latynina has acted in "Novaya Gazeta" with the material under the heading "And what was at the board room of the meteorite?".

Warmed up conspiracy theories still and Vladimir Zhirinovsky. And he insisted that the phenomenon was Ural test of the new weapon. But it is not ours, and that's amerikanskogo.I two months later, when passions as if subsided and collected pieces of celestial stone were examined by scientists, rocket version somehow resurfaced. However, it sets out the journalist Viktor Myasnikov. From themselves. Does not cause any expert opinions. At least a retired military man.

Here's how, in understanding the journalist, things were actually: "At dawn on February 15 in the air rose strategic bomber Tu-160 with a ballistic missile on the suspension, which, instead of the third stage and carried a warhead prototype hypersonic missile. After earning a height of 20 km and a speed of more than 2 million km / h, the aircraft fired a missile carrier. That went beyond the limits of the atmosphere.

It separated the last stage of the load-prototype. After gaining speed in the vacuum of space, hypersonic missile in a few minutes had to fall in the White Sea … When the trajectory of the rocket passed over a populated area, she suddenly went into decline. At an altitude of 92 km entered the atmosphere and then flew, leaving a vapor trail, at a very sloping path nearly parallel to the surface of the Earth. This is a typical angle of entry and movement of objects from Earth orbit, for example, spent his companions.

The explosion … followed by a powerful shock wave and an unusually bright clouds of fire, typical of high-energy fuel, not a missile totally destroyed … Already officially announced on February 16 that no fragments were found, the search stopped. This could only mean one thing: the FSB has found what she was looking. Namely — the remains of the rocket. "

Utter stupidity

For clarification, I turned to the experts — specialists in celestial objects and unusual phenomena. Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, director of the Institute of Astronomy of Russian Academy of Sciences Boris Shustov advised not to read "all kinds of exorbitant stupidity." No less categorical in his assessment and was deputy chairman of the Committee on Meteorites of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Head of the Laboratory of the Institute of Meteoritics and space chemistry Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry (Geochemistry), RAS Mikhail Nazarov:

— That can not be. We have collected a lot of material on the site of the crash, and traces the impact of the rocket was not found.

According to military experts

Instead of scientific facts — "cosmic tale?"

The military observer "KP" Victor Baranez asked to comment on the mystery of Dr. military-technical sciences, deputy general director of the Research Institute of the Ministry of Defence dealing with the issue of space reflection threats Andrew Kalmikova.

— Andrew M., and as you release the explosion of hypersonic missiles near Chelyabinsk?

— This is not the version and not a hypothesis, it is ignorant fairy tale. I absolutely do not see a reason to discuss this panky. For accustomed to working with real materials, concrete facts and figures, rather than speculation and fantasy.

— But the author of the material facts and analyzes. After all, we did see a video on a snow-white vapor trail, which is said to have characteristic of missiles and jet aircraft, and not for meteorites …

— Tell me, when away from excessive heat melts the giant block of ice from it that black smoke belching steam or yet?

— But then steam quickly dissipated, and there was a steady white tail …

— Meteorite — a conglomerate of various space materials, and when entering the Earth's atmosphere, they behave differently. There is a complex chemical composition of substances. In addition, it is necessary to know the basic things: such a huge hypersonic missile "contrail" leaves. And if it is broke and, after such an explosion of place of its fall would find in an hour! But these stories about the Tu-160, allegedly carrying the belly "ballistic missile" with hypersonic vehicles as the third stage — to the stories even Baron Munchausen would have thought! We must at least occasionally magazine "Young technician" to read! There's hypersonic missile launch system a long time ago in the colors and painted colors.

And how can you, in all seriousness to discuss this is — "fragments falling at different angles?" The writer of this "version" of what they saw? Measured the angles? Yes, if the pieces were, then why should they fall to the ground at the same angle? Where is the logic? Why do people laugh?

COMMENTS OF OTHER SCIENTISTS

Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Head of the Department of Planetary Research of space chemistry of the Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Professor Michael Marov:

— If it was a missile, I would certainly know about it. We have reliable information that it was a meteorite. Just a week ago, I spent a large workshop in the State Sternberg Astronomical Institute. There was attended by all the experts who have professional knowledge of meteorites. Our conclusion is clear: it was more or less ordinary astronomical phenomenon. However, the scale of its destruction as it happened in a densely populated area, it has no equal. This is confirmed by measurements, the data of American specialists from NASA.

Senior Researcher Zvenigorod Observatory Nail Bahtigaraev:

— About a rocket — it's a duck, of course. Came up with her fans. Professionals do not say this. The speed of the meteorite flies several times greater than the speed of the fastest missiles. — The authors of "sensationalism" accused, for example, scientists in the fact that the fragments allegedly fell from different angles, including from the opposite direction, which in the case of a meteorite, in principle, can not. Is that right? — No, when the speed of the meteorite has fallen, it was the destruction of the explosion. And the pieces fell across the board. And they were of different shapes, so they could plan in the atmosphere and change direction.

Head of the department of space astrometry Institute of Astronomy, RAS, Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Lydia Rykhlova:

— For more than 500 kg of meteoritic material found only by those who went on an expedition to the Urals. There were scientists and of the Committee on Meteorites, and from our institute. Not to mention how many people gathered. My colleagues went to the village, and even 130 km from Chelyabinsk residents showed them the pieces of a hen's egg. Moreover, with our scientists went there NASA spokesman, an expert on meteorites. No one there is no doubt that the meteorite fell.

In addition, even sawed a few pieces of the meteorite in the Committee on Meteorites of the Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry (Geochemistry), RAS and found out what they are. It turned out that this is an ordinary chondrite. Ordinary — not because it is common, but because they are structurally quite standard. Very long and well researched.

BTW

Yulia Latynina, "I do need to be silent in a rag"

— I generally need to be silent in a rag. In the morning, when there was not clear the extent of damage, and it was clear that something had fallen … I looked: the fig itself, this thing was flying along a path from one test site to another! Rather than hold that thought, I hastened to inform her readers of "Novaya Gazeta". Naturally, this is an absolute nonsense … (Apologies for the "board room …" sounded on the air of "Echo of Moscow".)

More Coverage

Moscow scientists: Chebarkulsko meteorite at least 4.5 billion years old

In the laboratory of Meteoritics of the Vernadsky Institute in Moscow at a small table in jars and bags with fragments of different size from millimeters to stones not less than two centimeters in diameter.

Under the watchful eye of the head of the laboratory of Mikhail Nazarov consider the wonder of the cosmos through a microscope. Heavenly guest consists of minerals of different colors: black, white, gray, and shot through with streaks of shiny metal.

— It is clearly visible traces of melt — a scientist on a section of the meteorite shows a dark gray stripes. — It means that once there was a strike on another celestial body. Perhaps it was then that fragment and a journey through billions of years crossed the orbit of the Earth. These tracks melt — a phenomenon quite rare and interesting.

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