Delegates have developed an agreement that will replace the Kyoto Protocol, but the results would be more significant
"It was basically an agreement between the" big guys "between the U.S. and EU. Perhaps something of the future agreement got some emerging economies … "- Tim Gore, an expert on climate.
The participants of the UN conference in South Africa endorsed a package of agreements to combat global climate change. While this is undoubtedly a step forward, according to experts, the conference could complete the work and the more significant results.
After hours of debate and compromise by the end of the night-long meeting, delegates finally come to a decision, which may be a step forward in the situation of climate change.
Before the final part of the negotiations chairman of the conference, the Minister of Foreign Affairs of South Africa, Maite Nkoana-Mashabane said the proposed package of agreements will not be able to satisfy all parties."We all understand that they are not perfect, but we should not let perfection become the enemy of the good and the possible", — she said.One of the most significant achievements was the approval of the proposed EU plan on future negotiations to combat climate change.EU Commissioner for Climate Connie Hedegaard actively pushing the so-called "road map" of the EU."We have almost reached agreement, — he said. — We can get the results that the world expects of us, and to which few could hope for — namely, to develop a binding agreement. "The agreement calls on the parties to cease negotiations on the future agreement on reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 2015, and to put in place a new regime no later than 2020.During the night of the plenary session on the development of a future agreement, the emotions hit the edge.Delegate from Grenada Karl Hood, who represented a coalition of small island states, did not like that in the wording of the text did not specify what would be the legal status of the agreement."If there is no legal instrument by which we can call the state to account for his actions — he said — then vulnerable economies remain just pretty words like" self-determination "and" access to development. " As long as they grow, we will die. "The new agreement will replace the Kyoto Protocol — the current framework agreement, which entered into force in 2007 and will expire next year. In Durban, a number of Parties to the Kyoto Protocol, including the EU, have agreed to comply with it back in for at least five years. At the same time, Russia, Japan and Canada have said they are not ready to implement the provisions of the extended protocol.The decisions of the conference did not say anything about the deeper cuts in greenhouse gas emissions, which are believed to be the cause of climate change.According to Tim Gore, climate adviser at Oxfam, developing countries do not receive significant benefits from the Durban agreements."For them, nothing special in the document not, — he says. — It was, basically, the agreement between the "big guys" between the U.S. and the EU. Perhaps something of the future agreement got some emerging economies — and this is a significant achievement. But it may not be, in need of the poorest countries than here and now.In Durban, it was also agreed to establish a "Green Climate Fund", which is to assist developing countries in the implementation of environmental projects. However, it is unclear what sources it will be replenished, so for a while it will remain empty.These questions are likely to take is the next UN climate conference to be held next year in Qatar.