In the twentieth century, the average temperature on Earth has increased by about one degree. This is a serious figure, because even when you exit from the Ice Age warming is usually only 4-5 degrees.
In such circumstances, some species may be on the brink of extinction, and more persistent — to completely change their range or behavior. Anomalies of the natural world — Victoria Pyrkova on Radio "Vesti FM".
Climate changes are natural to the Earth. The dinosaurs could not survive in cold conditions, and their skeletons are found in Antarctica. Accordingly, on this continent was once the climate is quite mild. What will it be on our planet in the near future, scientists find it difficult to say for sure. But according to their forecasts, after eighty-five years the temperature will grow by about half to two degrees.
This means that the sub-tropical sharks become frequent guests in Primorye. This was told by Andrew Shmakin, head of the Laboratory Institute of Geography, Climatology of the Russian Academy of Sciences:
In general, the real impact, especially for migratory species, such as migratory birds, sharks. Those who dwell here will behave the same way as before. In this respect, nothing much happens. As for the new, well, then, maybe it will happen, some jellyfish, can be dangerous, that were in the warmer waters.
Center prediction and climate research them. Hadley, UK, after analyzing data from 20 regions of the Earth, found that the fact of warming is more characteristic for the northern hemisphere. Polar regions, where the water is at the boundary of thawing and freezing, most sensitive to changes in the nature. Andrew Shmakin believes that even in the last decade significant changes include:
Current climate change is characterized by a rapid pace. This significant growth in just a few decades. Therefore, animals in such conditions it is very difficult to adjust to temperature changes.
The warming of the ocean currents, shoals of fish, which feed on penguins, have changed their ways and the birds are forced to swim much farther to find their food. For similar reasons, the polar bears are increasingly go to the people. Alexei Kokorin, head of the climate program of the World Wildlife Fund, said the effect of climate change on other animals:
More heavy snowfall combined with more frequent thaws lead to that form on the surface ice crust. Now, for hoofed animals that get their food from under the snow, it's terrible. This leads to mass death. Now it began to happen more often. In this situation it is better to prepare for the worst-case scenario.
Fruit flies are typical of the southern latitudes, were live farther north. The world of insects in general are actively updated, and it threatens to spread new diseases. So says the head of the Department of Parasitology, State University named after Sechenov Valery Zavoykin:
Well, right now there hemorrhagic fever, West Nile fever. Appeared in our recent mosquito Aedos that in the warmer parts of the world lives. This is dangerous. They transmit many diseases. There is a group of diseases fileriozy. Many of them in Africa, South-east Asia. We were not. Then they began to appear cases these types of worms. But the last few years, about 15 years already, began to appear in the Tambov, Volgograd region, and even began to meet in Moscow! Mosquitoes transmit them. This is clearly related to warming.
If we assume that global warming is still continues and is active, it will certainly lead to the melting of ice in the Arctic, and hence, flooding vast areas in particular, and in our country. And how ironic that global warming could result in cooling. And quite sharp. Eurasia is in danger, if you stop the Gulf Stream. Warm current in Europe — the same as the "central heating". A Gulf Stream has happened before to stop.