December 7, 2011 21:16
After the publication of Goethe's sentimental novel "The Sorrows of Young Werther" at the end of XVIII century, many young people, victims fiasco love life, in imitation of the protagonist of the novel committing an act of suicide by shooting himself in the head. Bestseller had unprecedented success — young people dressed like Werther, act like and talk like Werther Werther. Even a quarter century later, Napoleon Bonaparte, concerned about the endless series of suicides in his army, forbade the reading of this novel.
Most contemporaries Goethe honestly thought that the writer has made an unforgivable mistake, instilling youth that thought. Suicides peak in imitation Werther ended with the beginning of XIX century, but in subsequent years the fashion for suicide repeatedly renewed. The reason for this is the violent death of a celebrity, and people wishing to go to the light, the way it used to settle accounts with life, as their idol, down to the details.
Another wave of imitations in Russia at that time was due to the release of the novel Karamzin "Poor Liza," in which the main character commits suicide as a result of an unhappy love affair by jumping into a pond. As the place of this sad event was pointed writer accurately — Lisin pond near the Simonov Monastery in Moscow, the whole story was perceived as genuine. This is the place, and has become a traditional place of pilgrimage and samoutopleniya all the girls are disappointed in love. Pond soon renamed Lysine pond, and the bark of surrounding trees was carved inscriptions failed lovers, who have not found the courage to commit suicide, but realized this "need" such a peculiar way.
SIMULATION STUDY OF DEATHS
It is known that the syndrome of Werther was repeated in subsequent years, but the new material. For example, many young American women, following the example of Marilyn Monroe, tried to commit suicide by taking sleeping pills horse. In this case, imitation was not just copying suicide idols, but also quite ordinary people. An example is a real epidemic samoubieniya very painful way by drinking acetic acid, common in the early XX century in Europe. Scientists believe that the imitative suicides are more common among young people at the group conformity, with a fragile psyche. This phenomenon has been studied in detail in the second half of the XX century by the American sociologist D. Phillips. They found that the coverage of deaths on television and in the press acts as an advertisement, after which the suicide rate increased significantly. Furthermore, the increasing number of accidents and to death, that just was not clear. It would seem that may be common between suicide and death, for example, in a car accident?
Phillips found that not so much the fact of suicide affects people's minds, how extensive reports about it in the newspapers and on television. Accidents have occurred with a stable consistency in those regions, where the facts of the tragic suicide became known to the public. The scientist concluded that the obsessive press reports about cases of self-imposed arms is a subconscious desire to follow all those who have at least a slight dissatisfaction with life. Phillips came to the conclusion that the accident — is also a specific type of self-destruction when a person seeks to death subconsciously. Found that the greatest risk to have an accident or die during the crash occurs after three to four days from the time of the message. After about seven days, again, the risk of such accidents. Only ten days syndrome Werther fails.
And what is the conclusion?
As a serious impact on the press that she did not report on suicides, in a democratic state is not possible, psychologists recommend after each message to be particularly careful in their behavior. In the critical days until it is forgotten, be careful driving a car, not to make air travel, avoid risky travel and extreme sports. The ideal would be not to read newspapers, watch TV and do not stay at home, not going out, but in the current situation it is not possible.
Psychologists believe that it is inherent in every living creature. She turned, when a sharp increase in the number of individuals of a species threatened by loss of the entire community as a result of starvation. It is believed that the "call of death" and explains the mass suicide of dolphins washed ashore, and lemmings, thousands thrown into the water. This "Call of Death" is also in animals with physical defects that go out of the pack to keep the survival of the species. To a large extent, this is true for people, where the inclusion of self-destruct program may be the climatic anomalies, violations of environmental and other shocks.
The whole problem lies in the fact that in recent years people have become more sensitive, and a program of self-destruction is activated even insignificant blows of fate. However, there were years when there was no such program. Let us remember the Great Patriotic War, when most suicides were reported. Despite poor diet and lack of drugs, people in the war hurt a little. Military doctors have noted striking instances when soldiers, days are in the trenches, there was self-healing of stomach ulcers and other diseases that they suffered from before the war. Found that constant stress readiness and exercise cause the release in the body of so-called endorphins — compounds that increase vitality and thus mitigate the negative experiences. This explains why some people do not live long after retirement. Enforced idleness with physical and mental activity in older people leads them to early death from all causes. Therefore, all work is the only protection from the "call of death"