Phenomenon supercavitation motivate scientists for a long time. In the Russian Union was created underwater missile Flurry reach speeds of 360 km / h (some sources say that it is able to reach speeds of 480 km / h). South American business from 2007 DARPA-funded project of the year of creation of small submarine capable to develop submerged speed of 100 knots using the effect supercavitation. Research Centre for submarine warfare NUWC (Naval Undersea Warfare Center) within applets SUPERCAV for more than 10 years conducting research for the creation of high-speed supercavitating underwater missile capable of speeds over 200 knots. Coordinated development supercavitating guns in the United States engaged in the Office of Naval research (Of? Ce of Naval Research) in Arlington, Virginia. Their efforts are focused on the development of 2-classes supercavitation technology: missiles and torpedoes.
First, the two thousandth’s research funding in the West supercavitation was rather modest and was only about $ 50 million. But not looking at this list of potential supercavitating weapon looks very convincing. It contains the underwater mine bullets, homing torpedoes, submarines, boats. List of States engaged in research work in this area is also very limited. It will certainly lead our homeland, go on Ukraine (Kiev Research Institute of Hydrodynamics), France (within applets Action Concertée Cavitation even held several missile tests Flurry purchased from Russia), Germany and the USA. China and Iran are engaged in copying Russian technology (reporting that China had acquired 40 torpedoes Flurry in Kazakhstan).
The principle of the almost complete exclusion of contact with water used by ships hovercraft used now and in the water. Movement in the water at a speed of over 180 km per hour leads to the formation of a cavitation bubble absolutely protects the moving body from contact with water and reducing water resistance. This phenomenon has been called supercavitation (developed cavitation).
American scientist Leonard Griner (Leonard Greiner) published a collection of articles on technology in supercavitation 1967th godu.Knizhka Grinera find their own way through the «iron curtain» Russian scientists and was used as a kind of «Bible for the development of torpedoes.» According to the latest least so says the magazine «Wunderwelten Wissen» describing the history of the development of Barracuda. Russian scientist, engineer Mikhail Merkulov started topic supercavitation first 60s in the Institute of Hydrodynamics (NII-24) in Kiev. Despite the top-secret project information about it reached Washington. But the views of the U.S. military while creating tools with the introduction supercavitation was at the technical level is very difficult, they were not interested in this project and were fully convinced that the Russian project is doomed to misfortune. Meanwhile, for almost 20 years Merkulov and his colleagues worked on the creation of a new instrument in the late 70’s, he was able to show the party management model rockets Flurry.
Merkulov succeeded for the first time in the world to overcome the speed of sound under water and make a real benchmark underwater missile capable of a speed of 200 knots. By Squall shortcomings need not include the ability to manage traffic on the line missile her movements, but this shortcoming is more than compensated by the installation of a barrage of nuclear warhead capacity of 150 kilotons of TNT. An additional drawback is the relatively small radius of the missile acts associated with the need for huge energy consumption supercavitation creation. Yet Western intelligence agencies not once tried to get information about Russian supercavitating weapons. April 5th, 2000, for attempting to get the secrets of the FSB was arrested Squall South American businessman Edmund Pop (Edmond Pope). He threatened 20 years bullpen, but ultimately spent in Lefortovo only 8 months, he was released by order of Vladimir Putin’s «humanitarian judgment» (He suffered from bone cancer).
German scientists engaged in the study of phenomena tightly supercavitation late 1970s. In the late 80s the company Diehl BTG Defence began developing the first prototype underwater missile Barracuda. A decade later, Diehl Defence conducted successful tests Barracuda (not to be confused with the Mk50 torpedoes Barracuda and Barracuda GWS.63) landfill WTD 52 (Bundeswehr Technical Center for Protective and Special Technologies) in Oberjettenberg. Launch was created by German companies Diehl BGT Defence and Altas Elektronik under demo applets supercavitation underwater missiles designed to protect existing and promising to destroy torpedoes and submarines.
Barracuda armed solid rocket engine, inertial navigation system, block homing turning nose cone-shaped. Rocket engine provides Barracuda underwater speed of 800 km / h (according to the developers). A distinctive feature is the management of missile Barracuda according inertial made with the introduction of fiber-optic gyroscopes and automatic homing systems, antenna array which is located in a conical fairing also serve as a control device of the rocket. During underwater movement Barracuda is in the air bladder (so called the cavitation bubble), which significantly reduces water resistance and helps to develop higher speed. Today were made and tested several prototypes underwater missile. During these tests, they have successfully demonstrated «persistent straight and curved path of movement.» Barracuda is meant to equip both submarines and surface ships.
Barracuda submarine rocket for the first time was presented May 17-20, 2005, at the exhibition IMDEX in Singapore. Obviously, the developers hvastatayut that Barracuda in their abilities for themselves has no equal in the world and that they are at least 10 years ahead of their own American colleagues. In this exhibition, they have not forgotten to mention again that the German brand new underwater missile Barracuda faster, more agile and more precisely Squall and thanks to the unique homing she is able to intercept Squall and other high-speed torpedo. According to unconfirmed reports, the total weight is 110 kg Barracuda, length 2300 mm, caliber 160 mm, weight 10 kg of explosives, the range of the 1,000 m at the highest running speed during full circulation is 3.6 seconds, 120 m diameter circulation
In German magazine article describing the creation Europaeische Sicherheitit Barracuda South American military expert Robert Kulinskiy (Robert Kulinsky) said: «We are now where once were aircraft designers after the first flight of the Wright brothers … on the front edge of the future of the revolution.» According to the views of the founders of the magazine being the first flurry of modern weapons with the introduction of technologies can be supercavitation is naikrupneyshim breakthrough in submarine warfare since the invention of the submarine itself. Just According to experts flurry absolutely no need to carry a warhead or what because the kinetic energy of the torpedo would probably be pleased to sink the submarine. If the first version of Squall was not controlled, it is assumed that Squall 2 has another great speed (optimists say that the order of 720 km / h), essentially a huge range and most importantly it is manageable.