Because of global warming, Himalayan glaciers are melting so rapidly that from their meltwater lakes form. And the glaciers themselves resemble Swiss cheese.
For several years, Juliana Gorodetsky (Ulyana Horodyskyj) University of Colorado at Boulder (USA) and her colleagues observed the condition of the lake Spilve (Spillway), which forms the glacier Ngozumpa. It is located at the foot of Mount Cho Oyu (the name in Tibetan means "Turquoise Queen") in Nepal, which is located 20 kilometers from the highest peak in the world — Mount Everest.
The depth of the glacial lake Spilve reaches a hundred meters, length — six, and width — one kilometer, according to BBC News. Concern of scientists is a constant supply of water in the lake from the melting glacier. According to them, it can cause a dam bursting of debris — then a flood of people descend on the settlement at the bottom of the slope. According to Gorodetsky, Ngozumpa melts very quickly inform Infox.ru. For example, when two days Lake lost 100 thousand cubic meters of water (due to the fact that in some places there is a breakthrough coasts), five days half of it was restored by the melt water from the glacier.
According to Gorodetsky, the disappearance of the glacier is exacerbated by the large number of moraines — debris in the form of stones of different sizes. Such an accumulation of stones makes the glacier surface darker, so it absorbs more solar energy because of the low albedo and melt faster. In addition, the network runs through the glacier thawed patch of empty spaces and small lakes. Obviously, all these lakes are connected by a system of canals.
As reported by MIGnews.com.ua, Canadian researchers have found that by the end of the twenty-first century, the area of glaciers in the Alps, was reduced by 75%. This will be the result of global warming.