In the waters of the Northern Kazakhstan mass death of fish


5.02.11.Pervy bell has rung out: massive fish kills in the river Tobol found hundreds of miles from Kostanay downstream. Earlier this week, another group of environmental concerns, experts took samples of river water.

Previous tests have shown that the maximum allowable concentration of some chemical components exceeded tens and even hundreds of times, and the water in the main artery of the area is more like a poisonous brine. On the one hand, the consequences of last year's drought. On the other — the natural result of the barbaric man's relationship to the environment, the IA "Kazakh-Grain" to the publication "Liter".

Almost all reservoirs in northern Kazakhstan are considered zamoroopasnymi. And every winter, they need forced aeration, the fish was able to spend the winter. The second method: reclamation catch, allowing the fish to eat, and the remainder to increase living space. In Kostanai region it was used regularly. In July it was canceled imperious shout from Astana. Came around in the winter, when a heavy frost: who wants to catch — but too late! On a huge lake Sarykol, yesterday rich pike, perch, ide, carp, remained under the ice 40 centimeters of water. Tried to draw a seine — no fish. Already died.

Surprisingly, in the natural conditions are enthusiasts who try to do business in the breeding of fish. For example, in the area known businessman Alexander Korzhavin having rented several lakes, five years ago, a bankrupt, but from the field did not refuse, again trying to survive. As Ivan ram, which, in the literal sense of the word, Dostum try lime. And now it turns out: the lake and destroying fisheries for sale less drought as for nature officials.

— Almost all of our lakes with fishing importance, opahivayutsya at the very water's edge, — the chairman of the regional society of hunters and fishermen Anatoliy Kovalenko. — Although by law they must be protected zone width from 200 to 500 meters. Often, it is marked on the map, but really — is plowed and planted.

This means that the harvest is not under the control of tax authorities and did not appear anywhere else. A lot of it or not? The coastline of the lake, which rents Ivan Taran, 21 kilometers. Strip of 200 meters — more than 400 acres. At last year's crop — 400 tonnes of wheat. At current prices — at least 80,000 American dollars. And if the security strip in 500 meters? What kind of environmental protection and the enforcement of laws here to talk!

Early last year, Ivan Taran once populated lake whitefish 4.5 million larvae that delivery cost him 1.5 million tenge. By the summer lake shallows swarmed fry. But in June, farms, plowed up the coast at water's edge, fired by the weeds of aerosol "guns", is banned in Russia 10 years ago, but in Kazakhstan asserts barbarism. Aerosol cloud covered lake herbicide mosquitoes, which with the water collected fry. The next day, to the delight of gulls, little fish swimming belly up.

Ivan Taran worthy of its name: decided at its expense to install water-protection zone, which by law must define government Kostanay region. 90,000 tenge he paid for topographical survey and 110 thousand for the documentation in the form of watery bag of papers. In the spring he intended to demarcate the border. Yes, there it was: he was summoned to the district tax office and sued for the debt payments, of which he was unaware. The last 10 years he has paid taxes as water user for the lease of the lake. Now, he is required to pay for … the bottom of the lake at the rate of 2,850 tenge per hectare. A total of 22 million. Farmers who bullied his lake, pay per hectare of arable land 8 tenge. That Ivan could answer intrigues sovereign fellows? He said to them, without having to floor me, you can pick up a …

For information: According to the "Concept of Fisheries Kazakhstan for 2007-2015" approved by the Government in October 2006, Kazakhstan has the Caspian Sea without 5 million hectares of "blue fields." Concept plans to increase cultivated fish in 2015 to 10,000 tons. Trifle to 5 million hectares bottom of our waters. If you collect from them at a price of tax Kostanai region, you do not bother to fish farming.

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