December 9, 2011 16:20
If you are relying on the Mayan calendar, worried that next year the world will end — relax: the end of the world is still far.
So experts say the Maya culture who want to dispel rumors that the ancient Mayans predicted a world apocalypse next year.
The end of 5126-year cycle in the Mayan calendar is marked about 12 December 2012, after which returns to earth Bolon Yokte — god of war and the creation of Maya.
Author Jose Arguelles called the date "end of the world as we know it" in a book in 1987, which led to a lot of theorists, whose speculations crowded Internet. However, experts say that this date simply means the end of the previous cycle and the beginning of a new one.
"We need to make this clear. There is no prophecy about 2012, "says an expert on engraving from the National University of Mexico autonomy Eric Velasquez. "It's just a marketing gimmick."
The National Institute of Anthropological History in Mexico, trying to suppress a barrage of forecasts predicting the apocalypse. "Messianic thinking distorts Western worldview of ancient civilizations such as the Maya," said in a statement Institute.
In the Mayan calendar, counting a large calendar begins in 3114 BC and is divided into roughly 394-year periods called Baktun. Mayans believed the number 13 is sacred, and in the following year ending 13th Baktun.
Sven Gronmeyer of La Trobe University, Australia, who is trying to decipher the calendar, said the so-called end of the world reflects a transition from one era to another, which comes Bolon Yokte.
"Because Bolon Yokte already existed on the day of creation … it seems only natural that he should come again," he says.
Out of about 15,000 carved texts found in different parts of what was then the Mayan empire, only two mention 2012, the Institute said.
"Maya thought of global humanity, warming, or pole shift," says Professor University of Madrid Alfonso Laden. "We're just projecting their fears on them," he adds.