December 25. In the coming couple of years Our homeland will begin to create a multilayer system and missile defense. Its main elements will be anti-aircraft missile systems S-500 missile defense system and upgraded Moscow A-235, and the final frontier — active protection. According to statements by the military, multilayered missile defense system will provide security not only in the capital region, and the principal (eg, industrial) objects in the rest area of.
About missile systems S-500 is currently little understood. The main purpose of the complex — the defeat ballistic missile warheads, medium and long range. S-500 will be able to shoot down missiles warheads on final line of motion. The complex will provide a radar capable of detecting targets at ranges of up to 900 km. According to various reports, the complexes will come into service of the Russian Federation already in 2013-2015.
First, they will use a rocket from the C-400 «Triumph». This was in February 2011, said then-Deputy Defense Minister Vladimir Popovkin. In March this year, the Russian Defence Ministry has ordered at Capital Engineering Plant «Avangard» controlled anti-aircraft missiles for S-400, which indirectly may indicate the beginning of the procurement of missiles for new systems. However, this is mostly conjecture — what specifically rockets were purchased, not yet clear.
Currently, «Triumphs» use of missiles S-300, but for the C-400 is being developed its own missiles and 9M96E 9M96E2 also 40N6E long range. S-500 missiles for its — 40N6M, 77N6 and 77N6-N-H1 — will get most likely in 2014-2015.
Brand new disk imaging portion of the properties and purpose promising component of future multilevel defense system became known to December 24, 2012 with the words of the Russian Air Force Commander Lieutenant General Viktor Bondarev.
He told that the complex will be able to directly affect up to 10 ballistic targets, including warheads and hypersonic cruise missiles. With all this speed intercepted goals can reach 7000 meters per second. For comparison, the first of cosmic speed (the speed necessary to remove the object on the radial orbit around the Earth) is 7900 meters per second. New air defense system will use the principle of separation solving defeat ballistic and aerodynamic purposes.
Bondarev also said that the C-500 in their abilities outshine existing Russian S-400 «Triumph» and South American MIM-104F Patriot PAC-3. With all of this complex will be used for air and missile cover large regions, industrial and strategic targets.
According to the plans of the Ministry of Defense, with the passage of time S-500 will form the basis of Russian air and missile defense; they, unlike the already made systems will use anti-aircraft and missile parts. The latter will be unified with the Moscow ABM system A-135 «Cupid» and means, and with a promising A-235 «aircraft-M.»
Experimental and combat-tests the latest A-235 will begin in the spring and autumn of 2013. Brand new Moscow ABM system should be changed in the future the old A-135; According to preliminary data, «Plane-M» get upgraded 53T6 interceptor missiles used in the current time «Cupid.» With all this recent missile defense system will be able to carry both the kinetic and nuclear warheads.
Agreement on establishing a system of A-235 was concluded in 1991 and the end of the project is scheduled for 2015. The prime contractor for the project is «Almaz-Antey», who created the S-300, S-400 and working on the C-500. Presumably, the A-235 will receive a supercomputer «Elbrus-3M» radar «Don-2N» and two-tier missile huge and medium-range actions. All the main characteristics of a promising system are classified, but one can imagine that the S-500 system will be able to, namely, to communicate with the «Airplane-M», that will allow to improve the accuracy of target destruction.
Currently, the effectiveness of covering the capital region, according to Acting Chief of Air and Missile Defense Command Forces Aerospace Defence Maj. Gen. Andrei Demin, is 90 percent, and the Central Industrial Region — 60 percent. All these features are planned to be better putting into operation not only new systems S-500 and A-235, but also active protection systems (KAZ).
The mechanism is based on the work KAZ defeat air targets metal balls with a diameter of 30 mm at a height of up to 6 thousand meters. First, in December 2012 the source of the newspaper «Izvestia» in the Defense Ministry told that charges 40 tyschami affecting parts will be fired in the direction of the target with an initial speed of up to 1,800 meters per second and create after the explosion at a certain height «steel cluster» that can damage any air target. Promising complexes are planned to cover the first use of strategic objects: silos, command and communication centers Fri.
First tests took place first KAZ 1990s; complex layouts had the title «Mozyr». Namely, on the Kura test site «Mozyr» shot out for a warhead ballistic missile R-36M2 «Governor.» The tests were considered a success. But spetsy learned that not KAZ are equally effective against ballistic and aerodynamic purposes, while the lowest was conditioned by the possibility of defeat last feeble complex computing capabilities. Development complexes was discontinued due to shortcomings of funding.
Middle of 2012, it became clear that the Ministry of Defense plans to resume work on the KAZ 2013. In the midst of the rest of this claim and the creation of more massive computing systems, especially when it comes to defeat the purposes of kinetic complexes. In the latter case, the computer will calculate the point of convergence or missile parts to hitting, flying at tremendous speeds.
If ordinary ballistic targets such problem can be solved very quickly, then it is complicated maneuvering at times. Modern well equipped with ballistic missiles is not only a personal guided warheads capable of maneuvering, and wrong goals, the main task of which — significantly complicate the identification of a risk of nuclear warheads and their defeat. Ballistic missiles themselves (for example, the promising Russian R-30 «Bulava-30») is also endowed with the ability to maneuver in the narrow boundaries, complicating the puzzle interception on the source and secondary sections of the line of flight movements.
Since 2008, Our homeland has been creating a single missile and air defense, designed to connect to an integer not only its own air defense / missile defense, and the CIS states. In practice it means creating a system of gradual blurring boundaries between tactical and strategic systems and missile defense. Russian concept of a unified system involves the creation of a multilayer and multi-layered air defense system / missile capable of hitting air targets at different distances and heights.
In promising a unified system will short-range «Tunguska», «Tor-M2», «Carapace-C1», «Beech» and «Morpheus», medium-range S-300 «Hero» and long-range C-400, C-500, A-235, may be C-1000. First, in 2011, Nikolai Makarov, who was then the post of Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces said that the brand new missile defense system will be virtually «umbrella», which will close the country «against ballistic missiles of medium-range missiles, cruise missiles from various bases — air , sea, land — including the most low altitudes in at least some time in at least some circumstances. «
With all of this can already be read completely, that the arms race between the U.S. and Russia, at the time of utihshaya after the Soviet collapse, again gaining momentum. United States has chosen the path of creation of missile defense systems outside its territory with major defense system in Europe and the Atlantic Ocean, and our homeland — the large-scale anti-missile shield with its own terrain. With all this development of newer anti-missile systems practically pursues only one puzzle — to neutralize the power of the enemy’s nuclear triad.
In the current time to consider a strategic tool separately from missile defense systems silly — in the Third World War, and if this ever happens, the owner of the conditional overcome strong shield.