Obesity

What is obesity?  Photo from http://creative.gettyimages.com

Obesity — is the accumulation of fat in the body, leading to the appearance of excess body weight. In this case, fat is stored in the body fat depots (subcutaneous adipose tissue and around the internal organs).

Allocate obesity the top ("male") type, where fat accumulates mainly in the abdomen and above, and at the bottom ("women") type, where fat is stored in the thighs and buttocks.

It has long been a thing of the past saying: "A good man should be plenty." On the stage, slender beauty shine on the TV screen full of people can be seen only in feature films and advertising tools for weight loss. Even in everyday life, people who are overweight are discriminated against.

Research the mid-1990s showed that women with excess weight earn less than their slim counterparts, and are moving up the career ladder is not as fast and high. And then there's the scientists have added fuel to the fire. By the end of XX century, they have proven that people who are overweight, along with excess weight gain predisposition to serious diseases such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension, myocardial infarction and cancer.

However, today the world is very acute problem of excess weight. Many people think that by just Americans are obese, eating only hamburgers, but it is not. Our fellow citizens tormented by this illness, too — according to the Institute of Nutrition of 2005, 55% of Russians are obese.

If you are concerned about the problem of excess weight, do not make hasty decisions and do not take the first available diet just because it helped your good friend. First you need to consult with doctors (endocrinologist, nutritionist, etc.) to pass the necessary examination, and only then, based on the recommendations of experts and under their supervision, to begin treatment.

Causes

The main causes of obesity — overeating and a sedentary lifestyle. Gain extra pounds easily, but to get rid of body fat and appeared habits have a lot of not so simple. Some start more is in stressful situations. Other "seize" a bad mood, depression and loneliness. Someone unwittingly eats a mountain of products from the comfort of watching TV. Someone at night, sneaking to the refrigerator. There are just foodies who love to eat out.

If this man spends most of the day sitting at work, does not run marathons and do not sweat in the gym, sooner or later it weight exceeds all reasonable limits.

An important role in the development of obesity has an age. Doctors believe that the older a person gets, the greater the likelihood that it will work excess weight. The blame for this decline in metabolism and appetite disturbance of the center in the brain: to stave off hunger with age needs more food.

There is such a thing as secondary obesity. Usually, the extra calories are not to do with him. The reason lies in the endocrine (hormonal) disorders. Obesity accompanies the disease Cushing, hypothyroidism, etc. A sharp increase in body weight occurs when taking certain drugs: prednisolone, dexamethasone, etc. In addition, a tendency toward obesity can be inherited.

What's going on?

In the primary obesity constant overeating leads to disruption of the appetite center in the brain, and the normal amount of food eaten can not suppress the feeling of hunger. A person has to eat more and more. Excess calories are deposited as if "in reserve" in the fat depot, which leads to an increase in the amount of fat in the body, thethere is the development of obesity.

The consequences of obesity

Ozhirenie directly connected to some of the most common diseases in modern society, including diabetes mellitus, hypertension, coronary heart disease, arthritis, cholecystitis, breast, prostate and colon.

Many obese people have low self-esteem, depression, neurosis and other psychological problems.

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