Ancient Scots mummified their dead around the same time as did the ancient Egyptians (and, quite independently learned it from them). This sensational discovery made by the British archaeologist Mike Parker Pearson (Mike Parker-Pearson).
During the excavations on the island of South Uist (South Uist, Hebrides in the west of Scotland), he found the remains of two (according to other sources — four) Bronze Age people who have symptoms of mummification. Mummies were found, as they say in the messages under the earthen floor of three-thousand homes. The author speaks of opening more about antique jewelry and tools are there. The older of the two mummies belongs to the man who died about 1.5 thousand years BC, while the second, a woman, died about two centuries later.
While the Egyptians to preserve their dead "incorruptible" allowed in case the hot sand and natural salts, and the ancient Peruvians dried corpses on dry mountain winds in Scotland used another method is to use the natural acids found in peat bogs. (And the first went in embalming the dead Indians chinchorros — for 2 thousand years before the Egyptians — and doing it in about 5000 — 2800 BC. BCE)
Evidence that the body does not mummified during a random process, and were deliberately subjected to special treatment (placed in a peat bog in the 6-18 months for the tanning of the skin and tendons), is the fact that the interior of the bodies were recovered, and radiocarbon dating of analysis shows that they died for 500-600 years before the funeral. What were they doing these centuries, being on the ground — is not clear. Perhaps some were in "the house of mummies." In fact, to date, the mummy has rotted, but the fact that for hundreds of years after their death and burial of new bone did not change the anatomically correct position and not fall apart, indicating that perhaps the skin and tendons are not allowed skeletons fall apart. Only mummification could prevent them from rotting in that period. Finds, which has given the name of "bog bodies" (the body of the swamp, bog bodies) are different and the almost complete absence of bones that have been damaged (due to demineralization) over the past century in the complex chemical reactions caused by swamp chemicals.
Further tests showed that the bacterial decomposition in the bodies was suspended shortly after the death. Usually the bacteria literally eat the corpse and attack the bone, but in the case of the bodies of bacteria attack was abruptly stopped before it could bring a lot of damage.
The bodies were mummified in a highly flexed position — it's very similar to some of Inca mummies — and were almost certainly strongly linked or something wrapped at some stage after death. The procedure may allow ease the process of mummification. In a preliminary examination revealed another bizarre detail: the mummy belongs to a woman who was holding in his own hands two front teeth.
Old European mummies, which appeared in a natural way, were known before: for example, Greenland attraction — the 500-year-old Eskimo mummies found Grumvold brothers in 1972 (preserved thanks to the combined effects of cold and dry), — or the power of the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra, and here is evidence that the ancient Europeans knew the art of mummification, until now there were not.
This finding is likely to cause to reconsider some of the key aspects of the perception of life and death in the European prehistoric society.