U.S. and China continue to play ping-pong
Today in Durban, South Africa the fate of the Kyoto Protocol, which expires in a year. Prospects for its extension, and the more elaborate a new binding agreement is very slim. Climate Dialogue once again stumbled on disagreements between the U.S. and China, which have nominated conflicting conditions.
The main event of the annual two-week conference the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (17 th in a row) were certain changes in the position of the PRC. Beijing agrees to sign a binding agreement on limiting emissions after 2020, the head of the Chinese delegation Xie Zhenhua.
However, China has sounded a number of conditions and is not new. Celestial not only supports the extension of the Kyoto Protocol by 2020, but also to be extended to the new agreement on the underlying principle — different criteria for developed and developing countries, in which the latter made concessions.
Meanwhile, Washington is fundamentally different position. Recall that the Senate has not ratified the Kyoto Protocol in 2001, America was exited. Todd Stern, the U.S. representative to put forward his ultimatum, opposite the Chinese, which literally formulated: there are no exceptions, "loopholes" and "Swiss cheese."
When it became clear that, while some progress on the Chinese side, to reconcile the two largest economies and two of the "climate-unfriendly" powers likely fail again, the participants covered defeatism. "Really feel frustrated when you see that this conference will again be reduced to a game of ping-pong between the U.S. and China" — complained Jo Laine, German Social Democrat, Head of Delegation of the European Parliament. It is unacceptable that this game is blocking the whole process, he added.
However, the contradictions of the Kyoto Protocol goes far beyond the US-China confrontation. Not only China, but also to other developing countries, including India, Brazil and South Africa, according to the Kyoto approach immutable. Like the U.S., disagree with them, Russia and Japan. The EU supported the "second take" of the Kyoto Protocol, but expressed the hope that developing countries produced a new emission ceiling.
For Canada, it is at all going to take off "Kyoto yoke." As expected, it was announced on December 23. "Kyoto for Canada in the past," — said Prime Minister Peter Kent, noting that the protocol covers less than 30% of global emissions.
As told to "NG" Deputy Director UN Information Center in Moscow Yuri Shishaev in Durban for the organization, it was important to develop a positive momentum gained in the previous conferences. UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon has compared the process to riding a bicycle: you can not fall only if you're a little bit, but you go.
In this Shishaev mentioned Bali "road map", as well as the agreement signed in Cancun in 2010. However, referring to the legally binding documents, the representative of the UN Information Centre found that "the Kyoto Protocol — that is all we have," although "with good will provide the next stage of his actions would be real."
According Shishaeva, the UN does not expect a breakthrough at the meeting in Durban. "The reasons are several: the global economic problems, the difference of policy approaches and conflicting priorities. He dreamed of achieving the strategic goal, that is the conclusion of a comprehensive, legally binding agreement at this meeting is not necessary, "- he explained.