Valentin Gapanovich: Value in equipment procurement plans in favor of a new generation of machines is changing rapidly.
The procurement plan locomotives "Russian railways" in 2013 can be called a record. 770 — many locomotives a year the state company has not yet purchased. At the same time, according to senior vice president and chief engineer of JSC "Russian Railways" Valentine Gapanovich share of new models still makes up about 15%, and three years later a new generation of machines will total about a quarter of locomotives purchased by the carrier.
"Transport" Valentin Alexandrovich, for the current year the company planned purchase of 770 new locomotives. What is the ratio in terms of purchase of machinery so-called transition period and the models of the new generation? You estimate how fast this ratio will change in favor of the latter?
— Of the 770 new locomotives supply plan in 2013 125 units are models of the new generation. This is a DC electric freight locomotives with asynchronous traction drive 2ES10 — 40 units, electric freight AC induction motor drive 2ES5 — two units, cargo locomotives 2TE25A (AM) — 11 units. Also, we will buy 30 passenger electric locomotive EP20 dual-voltage, two freight locomotives TG16M with hydraulic transmission to operate on the island of Sakhalin, three TEM9N shunting diesel locomotive with asynchronous traction drive and a hybrid, high-performance 12 shunting locomotive TEM TMH with diesel engines of Caterpillar and 25 shunting locomotives with dvuhdizelnoy powerplant series TEM14.
- EP20-006 200km/chas
The ratio in equipment procurement plans in favor of a new generation of machines is changing rapidly. The share of new locomotives series in 2013 will be more than 16% and in 2015 — 25%. In the future this trend will continue.
For the current year the company JSC "Russian Railways" the procurement of machinery and transition models of the new generation in the ratio of 70 to 30%. According to expert estimates, the ratio will change in favor of a new generation of models of 2015 at the earliest.
"Transport": What are the plans for the renovation of the park Railways freight DC electric locomotives with asynchronous drive?
— In 2012, the Institute for the Economy and Transport Development (IERT) did much to determine the prospects for organizing the movement of heavy trains on the rail network, which identified the need for a park locomotives for the period up to 2020 on the directions of Kuzbass-North-West, Centre and Kuzbass Kuzbass-South cooperation.
To drive a freight train weighing 6.3 tons IERT planned to use electric locomotives 2ES10 a two-section design, for trains weighing 9 tons — a three-section. The calculations required inventory park 2ES10, provided the railway infrastructure readiness for the possible volume of cargo of heavy trains weighing 9 tons in 2020, may be at most the two-section 347.5 units.
- 2ES10-050 is 6300 m
Under the current contract, LLC "Ural Locomotives" to take place in 2016 for the needs of JSC "Russian Railways" supply 221 locomotive 2ES10.
In the period from 2016 to 2020, inclusive of "Russian Railways' plans to buy 675 freight electric locomotives direct current produced by" Ural Locomotives "with asynchronous traction drive and collector.
"Transport": Do you plan to create double-system electric freight locomotives with asynchronous drive to replace their locomotives VL82M?
— Who has experience in the development of electric locomotives with asynchronous drive 2ES10 series DC and AC 2ES5 series. In the process of creating a series of electric locomotives are also 2ES7, 2ES4. Given the timing of their development, I believe these locomotives great achievement. Their technical indicators can provide normal operational performance of the railway. In this case, the development of dual-system electric locomotives with asynchronous drive is one of the immediate prospects. Work in this direction are JSC "TMH" and of "private label".
"Transport": In 2012, TMH have been created and 2TE25A 2TE116 locomotives with diesel engines General Electric and MTU Friedrichshafen. What caused the interest of Railways for locomotives with foreign engines, which of these cars and how much Railways plans to acquire?
— To create a new generation of diesel locomotive needs a reliable and economical diesel. In recent years, our factories upgrade the technological base was carried out is not enough, there is no production of a number of components with the necessary quality and price. Therefore, to reduce the time the introduction of diesel locomotives was decided to attract foreign firms with sufficient experience in the production of diesel engines. The main condition when choosing a partner is the agreement on the creation of the territory of Russia is not only the production of diesel engines with advanced technology, but also the formation of a joint engineering centers for technology adaptation to the conditions of Russian railways. In the future, data centers will ensure the creation of new diesel engines.
The decision on the feasibility and advisability of the use of foreign diesel engines will be taken after the performance of comparative tests on the main technical and economic indicators as 2TE116UD with the engine General Electric, and 2TE25A with diesel MTU. In 2013, the planned purchase of five diesel locomotives 2TE25A and five diesel locomotives 2TE116UD.
"Transport": In recent years, the reconstruction of several Railways shunting diesel locomotives CME3 with the installation of each of the two or three diesel engines. Do you plan to continue this work?
— Today, at the site of the Northern Railway locomotives operated series CME3 and TEM14 with mnogodizelnymi power plants that meet the requirements of energy efficiency and environmental protection.
In locomotives series CME3 used diesel engines Yaroslavl Motor Plant, and in locomotives TEM14 — diesel production Ural diesel engine plant. In environments with six diesel CME3 dvuhdizelnoy powerplant fuel economy ranged from 6 to 25% depending on the conditions and for the two locomotives with CME3 trehdizelnoy powerplant — 35%.
However, the results of trial operation of locomotives series CME3 identified a number of issues affecting the reliability. After their removal work in this direction will be continued, as it is very promising and allows fuel savings and improve environmental performance.
Under a contract with JSC "Russian Railways" in the period from 2013 to 2017 at the Yaroslavl Electric Locomotive Repair Plant is planned to reconstruct 60 locomotives CME3.
"Transport": whether to start trial operation of the locomotive GT1 at the Sverdlovsk railway? How long it will last and what are its objectives?
— The first stage of testing of the main gas turbine locomotive GT1-001 was performed at the Moscow railway. It included a check of components and assemblies. According to the results of experienced travel has been conducted and the modernization of its design. Has been replaced by a cryogenic pump and the gas treatment scheme is modified, changes are made to the inverter's own needs, the software controls the locomotive system. Replaced compressor unit, changes in the design of the power turbine and an algorithm for its loading.
In addition, the locomotive traction battery is installed, which allows you to provide the locomotive shunting with a fully charged battery and the muted power turbine at a distance of 50 km.
After the modernization of gas turbine locomotive was named GT1h-001 (gas turbine hybrid traction drive).
To ensure the continued operation of the main gas turbine GT1h-001 was sent to the Sverdlovsk Railway locomotive in depot operational Egorshino. Maintenance and repairs will be carried out in the locomotive repair depot Artyomovskoye.
The purpose of this phase of the test is to verify the operational reliability of the locomotive and its technical and economic performance after upgrading, development of the technology equipment gas turbine locomotive liquefied natural gas, as well as other issues of operation and maintenance.
Operation of the locomotive is organized on the site Serov Sorting — Alapaevsk — Egorshino — BIRCH — Hardware with trains of up to 8.5-9 tons. To accompany the operation of the locomotive GT1h-001 and ensure rapid elimination of detected faults on it formed a working group of experts involved organizations.
In order to prepare and train crews check of the locomotive has held his trip with trains set for locomotives weight norm.
The following gas turbine GT1h will also flow into the locomotive depot Egorshino.
"Transport": In early 2012, Russian Railways jointly with "Sinara" has announced plans to build a new main gas turbine locomotive on the basis of vehicle-diesel TEM7. How advanced the design of the new machine, what are its characteristics, when can we expect construction of a prototype?
— Given the positive experience of operating on the Moscow rail of the first prototype mainline gas turbine locomotive GT1h-001 with a capacity of 8300 kW propulsion system, it was decided to design and manufacture a second industrial design GT1h-002. Design documentation for the manufacture of gas turbine locomotive developed "VNIKTI" with regard to exhaust design solutions applied to the first sample.
Designing the locomotive GT1h-002-based vehicle-part series-produced diesel TEM7 be completed in April 2013. According to the schedule approved by the JSC "Russian Railways" gas turbine is to be built by JSC «Lyudinovskiy Diesel Locomotive Plant" and go on trial in September 2013.
Now Lyudinovo the works for the manufacture of main frame and pull the booster sections of the locomotive. In the various stages of production are the main components: a power turbine at JSC "Smith" (Samara), traction generator at «ETM-Drive" (Lys'va), cryogenic tank at JSC "Uralkriomash" (Nizhny Tagil), a set of gas treatment at « Kriomash-BZKM "(Balashikha).
Between September 2013th until March 2014 plan testing the locomotive, including the acceptance and certification. Pre-production for the manufacture of a mounting series of this locomotive is scheduled to May 1, 2014.
GT1h-002 gas turbine — it dvuhsektsonny locomotive power plant with capacity of 8300 kW in the form of a gas turbine engine running on liquefied natural gas (LNG). In the first section, the traction, the power unit is located equipment: a gas turbine engine, traction generator and auxiliary systems, traction and power equipment, gas conditioning systems and air preparation systems. In the second section, the booster is removable cryogenic LNG tank with a reserve, trailer power equipment and gas treatment equipment systems. The equipment is located in each section of the wagon body type, as the vehicle-base design of the locomotive selected TEM7, commercially manufactured of "Lyudinovoteplovoz." Each section is equipped with a unified control cabin.
"Transport": In 2012, began operating a new electric induction motor drive with ET4A. What are the results of operation, plans to whether and to what amount to purchase electric trains in this series?
— Between June 2012 and June 2013 on the train ET4A will be in a controlled operation. It is used during fast commuter trains on the route Saint Petersburg — Baltic — Meadows October Railway. Currently, trains run over 62 kilometers.
For the last period has been provided wholly implementation schedule of trains, delays and delays due to equipment failure happened. Electric confirmed the declared parameters and characteristics, and the presence of individual traction drive on each axle greatly enhanced operational reliability and survivability of the train. In the operation confirmed the efficiency of electric braking (up to 5-7 km / h).
You can also note that the costs associated with routine maintenance, compared with
electric train ET2M reduced by approximately 15%.
At present JSC "Russian Railways" signed a contract to build two trains and improved eight sections, one of two cars to staff the first train up to eight cars.
Electric ET4A, I believe, can be defined as a basic model for the transition of "TorVz" that meets all modern requirements. However, in 2014, entering into force of the Customs Union Technical Regulations on safety of rolling stock, and we expect the new models of domestic plants MVPS.